Festivals in Tunisia
Tunisia Maps  
--Port El Kantaoui
--Sidi Bou Said
Wiki-Travel Guides
Sidi Bou Said
El Kef
La Goulette
Good Guides
Top Ten Tunisia

Sousse Carnival
Annual Events
La Marsa
Kerkouane ruins from the 4th and 3rd centuries BC. wide avenues in a checkered pattern, houses built around an inside patio each equipped with a bathroom with a hip bath.
Nabeul (Nābul, نابل)
Monastir (Al-Munastīr, المـنسـتير)
Sousse (Sūsah, سوسة)
Hadrumetum [Punic Sousse]
Sahel, formerly Byzacena
Sidi Bou Said
Kairouan (Al-Qayrawān, القيروان)
Geography: Tunisia
Lake of Tunis
Music of Tunisia best-known for malouf,
Punic Wars,
Second Punic War.
The reigns of the Aghlabids (9th century) and of the Zirids (from 972), Berber followers of the Fatimids, were especially prosperous. When the Zirids angered the Fatimids in Cairo (1050), the latter sent in the Banu Hilal tribe to ravage Tunisia.

The coasts were held briefly by the Normans of Sicily in the 12th century. In 1159, Tunisia was conquered by the Almohad caliphs. They were succeeded by the Berber Hafsids (c.1230–1574), under whom Tunisia prospered. In the late 16th Century the coast became a pirate stronghold (see: Barbary States). In the last years of the Hafsids, Spain seized many of the coastal cities, but these were recovered by the Ottoman Empire. Under its Turkish governors, the Beys, Tunisia attained virtual independence. The Hussein dynasty of Beys, established in 1705, lasted until 1957. Tunisia was formally made a French protectorate on May 12, 1881.

Dar Cherait Museum
Bardo National Museum
President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali
President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali
Islam in Tunisia
Nearly all Tunisians (99% of the population) are Muslim.
Significant influxes of population have come through conquest by the Phoenicians, Romans, Vandals, Arabs, Ottomans, and French. Many Spanish Moors and Jews also arrived at the end of the 15th century.
Roman Ruins in Tunisia by Melissa Enderle
Dougga a Libyco-Punic mausoleum, a capitol, a theater, thermal baths, monumental arches, temples. 8 km from Téboursouk, Tunis,
El Jem
Thuburbo Majus thermal baths are among the best preserved in Tunisia.
Bulla Regia


Tunisia combines the enticement of stunning Islamic architecture, historic archaeological sites and colorful marketplaces, with miles of idyllic beaches. Here you can enjoy over 700 miles of sandy beaches, Image:ts-flag.png conservation parks, botanical gardens, acres of golf courses, water parks, scuba diving, historic souks, stress relieving spas and the northeast threshold of the Sahara desert.
Tunisia is considered the safest and richest in architectural heritage among Arab and African nations. Through three millennia it has served as an oasis from the wicked waves which have buffeted Africa and the Middle East. Images of the god of the sea, Poseidon, or Neptune as the Romans called him, still remain powerfully present in this nation which ruled much of the Mediterranean prior to the rise of the Roman empire.
Getting There
No visa is required for Americans, Canadians, EU and some other European citizens. A visa on arrival is available for Australians. New Zealanders must obtain a visa prior to arrival.
Getting There

  Check flight arrival & departure at all Tunisia airports

International Airports:

  • Carthage International Airport,
  • Habib Bourguiba International Airport,
  •  Ksar International Airport,
  • Nefta Int´l Airport,
  • 7 Novembre Int´l Airport,
  • Thyna International Airport ,
  • Zarzis International Airport

Tunisia's main international airport for scheduled flights is Carthage International Airport (TUN) near Tunis. Its second airport is Monastir (MIR) which is served by low cost charter flights from all over Europe. Monastir is nearer to most of the holiday destinations. Inexpensive charter flights from the UK, the hub for the most low cost airlines are available at sites like www.flightstunisia.com and www.lastminute.com

Taxis leave from the airport or book ahead.

  • Taxi Touristique

By boat Ferry services link Tunis to Malta, Trapani (Sicily, Italy), Naples (Italy), Genoa (Italy) and Marseille (France)

Fast Facts
 In recent years, Tunisia has taken a moderate, non-aligned stance in its foreign relations. Domestically, it has sought to diffuse rising pressure for a more open political society.

Malta and Tunisia are discussing the commercial exploitation of the continental shelf between their countries, particularly for oil exploration.
Capital City: Tunis
Country Name: Tunisian Republic
Independence Day: March 20, 1956 (from France)
Government Type: Republic
Total Area: 163,610 sq. km (slightly larger than Georgia)
Coastline: 1,148 km
Climate: Temperate in the north with mild, rainy winters and hot, dry summers; desert in the South
Terrain: Mountains in the north; hot dry central plain; semiarid south merges into the Sahara
Land Use: Arable land: 17.86%; Permanent crops: 13.74%; other: 68.4%

temperate in north with mild, rainy winters and hot, dry summers; desert in south

Language: Arabic (official and one of the languages of commerce), French (commerce)

Calling Codes: IDD International Prefix: 00
NDD National Prefix: 0
Country Code: +216

Electric Currents: Voltage: 230V
Frequency: 50 Hz Plug: C & E

Time Zone: GMT+1

Population:10,175,014 (July 2006 est.)
Median age: 26.8 years
Languages: Arabic (official and one of the languages of commerce), French (commerce)
Literacy for Total Population: 74.2%
Literacy for Males: 84%
Literacy for Females: 64.4%
Religion: Muslim 98%, Christian 1%, Jewish 1%
Life Expectancy: 74.66
Infant Mortality: 25.76

Currency: Tunisian Dinar (TD)
GDP: $68.23 billion
GDP (Per Capita): $6,900
Labor Force by Occupation: services 55%; industry 23%; agriculture 22%
Industries: petroleum, mining (particularly phosphate and iron ore), tourism, textiles, footwear, agribusiness, beverages
Exports: textiles, mechanical goods, phosphates and chemicals, agricultural products, hydrocarbons
Imports: textiles, machinery and equipment, hydrocarbons, chemicals, food 


Sousse is Tunisia's third-largest city with a modern resort built around an 8th century epicenter (a fortified monastery and the Great Mosque). It's one of the country's most popular beach destinations, retaining a strong North African tradition, but with many western touches, including a casino, fine French restaurants and a beachfront esplanade.  Sousse is noted for its beaches and hotels, Sousse is also famous for the wealth of its archeological treasures in both Islamic and Punic/Roman Museums. The beach strip closest to the centre of Sousse is used by Tunisians, it's easy to connect with the easygoing people here if you speak French.

From the 10th century B.C.  onwards the Phoenicians, Byzantines, Arabs and Romans discovered the delights of this fertile spot, dubbed 'the pearl of the Sahel' in ancient times, and today the mild climate, beautiful Mediterranean shoreline and warm people work their magic on holidaymakers from Europe. Sousse is also favoured by Tunisians themselves as a get-away destination, and the friendly natives enjoy mingling with the visitors on the sandy beaches and busy promenade.
The proliferation of modern resort hotels along the beachfront has not detracted from the charms of the inner city, and Sousse is still regarded as having probably the finest (though not the largest) old city, or Medina, in Tunisia. A warren of narrow covered alleyways nestling below the Ribat, or fort, hide hundreds of colourful shops selling a myriad of local goods from carpets and porcelain to leather bags and olive oil. Outside the Medina there is also a vast modern shopping complex. Sousse is not all just shopping and beach bathing, however. The town's museum, situated in the old castle or kasbah, is renowned for its collection of mosaics, masks, statues and other relics of the Roman occupation. There are also several miles of well-preserved ancient Christian catacombs and marble tombs in the town. Sousse offers its many package-tour visitors all the facilities and surroundings of a relaxing seaside holiday, overlaid with the undeniably foreign and exotic atmosphere of North Africa, all at extremely affordable prices.

The native portion of the town has hardly altered. It has a museum, a garrison, an important harbour and many oil wells in the neighbourhood.

Sousse Archaeological Museum located in the kasbah has what is clearly Tunisia's second most important collection of mosaics; second only to the Bardo museum in Tunis.
The exhibits are dominated by mosaics, but there are many other objects too, like vases, masks, statues and whole burial tombs.

Sousse ribat is a fortress dating from the eighth and ninth centuries. Once can visit one of the most ancient prayer rooms in Africa.

Sousse international festival (July-August), Mediterranean olive tree festival (in Kalaa Debira, December), Sidi El Kantaoui festival (in Hammam Sousse, July).

GETTING THERE: Sousse lies on Tunisia's east coast, about two hours drive south of the capital, Tunis.


Port el Kantaoui

Port el Kantaoui is Tunisia's version of Europe's Mediterranean marina resorts, a chic, purpose-built resort,  catering to visitors seeking leisurely luxury in an enchanting setting. The resort area enjoys a quiet yet sophisticated atmosphere  and  two long stretches of perfect clean sandy beaches. Up-market yachts, golf courses, exclusive restaurants and shopping abound.
Port el Kantaoui comprises a narrow 2½-ml-long coastal strip on either side of a compact resort, centered on a neat modern marina
which can accommodate more than 300 vessels. The marina is surrounded by souvenir shops, stalls, assorted waterfront cafes, restaurants and hotels all built in an organized modern style. Radiating out from here is a succession of ever more grandiose hotels, each new arrival trying to outdo the last in grandeur and elegance. All this has been built since 1979.
Beaches: Two long narrow stretches of white sand extend for over 2 mls in each direction from the marina. Most hotels maintain their own section and provide lifeguards and beach furniture. The sea is said to be safe for children: clean enough for swimming and without hazardous currents.

Location: On the SW shore of the Gulf of Hammamet, backed by a fairly flat nondescript landscape of olive groves and arable land. On the NE coast of Tunisia, 80 mls SE of Tunis and its international airport. 5 mls N of Sousse. 25 mls NW of Monastir airport.
Postal code:

Places To Stay: Mostly modern, well-equipped 3- and 4-star hotels.  Some self-catering accommodation.

GETTING AROUND: Taxis rule for they are  inexpensive and generally available. Simple bus service plies the length of the resort, with intermittent connections to nearby Sousse. You can also enjoy horse-drawn carriages and minitrains


Day Trips
Roman Coliseum in El Jem is located between the cities of Sousse and Sfax. Completed between 230 and 238 AD to hold 30,000 spectators  There was an earlier one in this area as well which held 5,000 and then 8,000 after it was rebuilt. Today the area is mostly desert which makes the monument appear as a mirage with its stark grandeur. The Sahara desert is expanding, but during Roman times , this was a rich agricultural region. In the summer the International Festival of Symphonic Music is held here.
-205 km south-east of Tunis, 63 km south of Sousse, 64 km north of Sfax.

Full day: Tunis and Carthage; Safari to Gabes and Matmata. Two days: safari to Douz.


Monastir - Skanes
The resort of Skanes, with its beautiful and seemingly endless sandy beach, is a suburb of the Tunisian Mediterranean port town of Monastir, particularly popular with British holidaymakers. Monastir has happily given itself up totally as a tourist Mecca, centred on a modern marina and a revamped Medina crammed with souvenir shops and restaurants. Even its ancient Ribat (fort) has been rebuilt and glamorised by being used as the setting for several movies like Monty Python's Life of Brian, as well as Raiders of the Lost Ark and a TV series about Jesus of Nazareth. The modern gilt on Monastir may be a little false, but underneath this historic city retains its ancient air of having been Tunisia's holiest place, and an important strategic stronghold that was even once used as a base by Julius Caesar. Just a few miles from the centre of Monastir lies the extravagant stretch of grand hotels that have been built along the coast in the area known as Skanes. These magnificent architectural delights are set in acres of lush gardens, most of them encompassing their own patch of well-maintained sandy beach. The Skanes hotels are well connected to Monastir and other nearby resort towns, like Sousse, by a tourist road train and a plethora of cheap taxis. Monastir also has the advantage of having its own international airport. Parasols mushroom on the beaches in between watersports equipment stands and local vendors parading with a variety of wares, particularly pottery.
Hammamet is a unique blend of western and North African cultures where you can play golf, visit nearby vineyards or search for bargains in the labyrinth of the souk.  Hammamet is called "the Garden Resort" and pride of the 'Tunisian Riviera' Located on the beautiful Cap Bon Peninsula, it combines low-rise beachfront hotels, whitewashed, bougainvillea-adorned buildings, and scores of nightclubs, restaurants and colorful shops..
It has been Tunisia's main vacation destination since the 1920s enjoying most of its development in the 1960's. Today you mainly find it filled with those on middle-to-upper range package tours from Europe, the streets abuzz with scantily clad holidaymakers speaking Swedish, German, English and French.

The town's baths, famed since Roman times, are also situated in the crowded medina, over-shadowed by the medieval castle or kasbah.

The beaches stretch six miles (10km) with palm-fringed shores amd beautiful clean sand.  The accent of colourful fishing boats will charm you.

 There are many Moorish style low-rise resort hotels, set in lush gardens,  offering visitors luxury accommodations here.
GETTING THERE: On the coastal motorway sandwiched between the Mediterranean and the Sahara desert, 40 miles (64km) south of Tunis,


The north of the country is mountainous, with a climate that is temperate with mild, rainy winters and hot, dry summers. The south of the country is dominated by the Sahara desert.  Best months to visit are : April, May, June, Sept, In Oct the weather turns variable , and could be windy and wet. During the peak months of July and Aug it gets hottest and most crowded with tourists which does make the excellent beaches more interesting.
Poseidon became ruler of the sea, Zeus ruled the sky, and Hades got the underworld. The other divinities attributed to Poseidon involve the god of earthquakes and the god of horses.
Poseidon (Roman Neptune) with trident in hand, drives a chariot drawn by two Hippokampoi (fish-tailed horses) across the sea
Bardo Museum, Floor Mosaic
Poseidon's chariot was pulled by a hippocampus or horses that could ride on the sea. He was associated with dolphins and three-pronged fish spears (tridents). He lived in a palace on the ocean floor, made of coral and gems. Neptune was worshiped by the Romans primarily as a horse god, Neptune Equester, patron of horse-racing.
Sousse Museum Mosaic
 C3rd AD
In Mycenaean culture, [1600 BC -1100 BC] Poseidon's importance was greater than that of Zeus. At Pylos he is the chief god, if surviving Linear B clay tablets can be trusted; the name PO-SE-DA-WO-NE (Poseidon) occurs with greater frequency than does DI-U-JA (Zeus). A feminine variant, PO-SE-DE-IA, is also found, indicating the existence of a now-forgotten consort goddess.
Poseidon was a very moody divinity, and his temperament could sometimes result in violence. When he was in a good mood, Poseidon created new lands in the water and a calm sea. Sailors prayed to Poseidon for a safe voyage, sometimes drowning horses as a sacrifice. In his benign aspect, Poseidon created new islands and offered calm seas. When offended or ignored, he struck the ground with his trident and caused chaotic springs, earthquakes, drownings and shipwrecks.

Poseidon was similar to his brother Zeus in exerting his power on women and in objectifying masculinity. He had many love affairs and fathered numerous children. Poseidon once married a Nereid, Amphitrite, and produced Triton who was half-human and half-fish. He also impregnated the Gorgon Medusa to conceive Chrysaor and Pegasus, the flying horse. The rape of Aethra by Poseidon resulted in the birth of Theseus; and he turned Caeneus into a man, at her request, after raping her. Another rape involved Amymone when she tried to escape from a satyr and Poseidon saved her. Other offspring of Poseidon include: Eumolpus, the Giant Sinis, Polyphemus, Orion, King Amycus, Proteus, Agenor and Belus from Europa, Pelias, and the King of Egypt, Busiris.

One of the most notorious love affairs of Poseidon involves his sister, Demeter. Poseidon pursued Demeter and to avoid him she turned herself into a mare. In his lust for her, Poseidon transformed himself into a stallion and captured her. Their procreation resulted in a horse, Arion. Poseidon is Greek for "Husband" (possibly of wheat), and therefore it is thought that he and Demeter (goddess of wheat) are a good match because they reign as the god and goddess of fertility.


Some typical thalassotherapy treatments are:
Hydro bath A sea water bath of bubbles and mini jets
Seaweed wrap Application of a seaweed wrap over the whole body
Aqua gym Exercise in a sea water pool under the supervision of an instructor
Massage Relaxing and toning massages


Shopping the souk in the medina
Seek and you shall find treasures like carpets, brass ornaments, jewelry, traditional kaftans, pottery and leather goods. The narrow winding alleys also conceal bright, whitewashed windowless houses behind splendid ornate doors. However you must be prepared to bargain.
Trip Reports

3 days of sailing from Monastir to Sidi Bou Saïd followed by a 5-day period of land exploration in North Tunisia  more