Pyramids  presents  presents

Great Pyramid
432 & the Great Pyramid
Sacred measures
Early square 3-4-5
Ancient Science
Constants of the Great Pyramid
The Hunab
Pyramids Mexico v. Egypt
Ethiopian Pharaohs
History of Masonry
Myth and Magic
Great Ages
Jospeh Campbell
Sacred Sciences
2012 and the Maya Calendar
Riddle of the Sphinx,
Al-Ma'mun [786 –  833] ruling caliph from Baghdad who excavated his way into the pyramid to find only a sarcophagus and scant evidence of prior treasures. John Greaves (1602 - 1652) made a more accurate survey of the pyramids of Egypt than any traveller who had preceded him.

rediscovered Pi and the golden ratio in the proportions of the pyramids.

Piazzi_Smyth (1819 – 1900)
Made the most accurate measurements of the Great Pyramid advancing the the pyramid inch, as was one twenty-fifth of a "sacred cubit", or 1.00106 British inches whose existence had earlier been postulated by Isaac Newton.[3]

In May 1798, Bonaparte was elected a member of the French Academy of Sciences. His Egyptian expedition included a group of 167 scientists: mathematicians, naturalists, chemists and geodesers among them.[9] One of their discoveries was the Rosetta Stone.

Bonaparte's expedition seized Malta from the Knights of Saint John on 9 June and then landed successfully at Alexandria on 1 July, temporarily eluding pursuit by the British Royal Navy.

After landing on the coast of Egypt, he fought the Battle of the Pyramids against the Mamelukes, an old power in the Middle East, approximately four miles (6 km) from the pyramids. On 1 August the British fleet under Horatio Nelson fought the French in the Battle of the Nile, capturing or destroying all but two French vessels.

Robert M. Schoch has stated that the sphinx has a distinctive "African," "Nubian," or "Negroid" aspect which is lacking in the face of Khafre.[4]
The Pyramid of Khufu at Giza.  or the Great Pyramid of Giza is the largest stone pyramid in  the world. Until Lincoln Cathedral was built in 1300 A.D., it was the tallest building in the world. The base is over 13 acres in area.

It is one of the Seven Wonders of the World, and the only one of the seven to survive into modern times.
The largest pyramid by volume is the Great Pyramid of Cholula, in the Mexican state of Puebla. This pyramid is considered the largest monument ever constructed anywhere in the world, and is still being excavated.

were related to the Olmec culture of Mexico as it is not certain that the Totonac people as the founders of Teotihuacán. As the new world's greatest city, the population included Zapotec, Mixtec and Maya peoples. The earliest buildings at Teotihuacán date to about 200 BCE, and the largest pyramid, the Pyramid of the Sun, was completed by 100 CE.
More 2012
Pyramid = Pyramids are classified according to the shape of the polygon at the base where the upper surfaces are triangular   quadrangular pyramid (like those at Giza), with a base in the form of a square and with four triangular sides each meeting at a single point (the apex). Each of the sides is a triangle, sometimes called a "face". "Height" is the distance from center of the base to apex; "slant height" is the distance from the center of a side at the base to the apex.
Terence McKenna (1946 –2000)
proposed widely-Novelty theory which predicts the ebb and flow of novelty in the universe as an inherent quality of time. Growing from his experiences in the Amazon at La Chorrera and close study the King Wen sequence of the I-Ching, novelty theory involves ontology, extropy, and eschatology.

When novelty is graphed over time, a fractal waveform known as "timewave" results. The graph shows at what time periods, novelty increases or decreases and the universal algorithm has also been extrapolated to be a model for future events. The mathmaticaly defined graphs hits an it hit an asymptote at exactly December 22, 2012.[17] The Mesoamerican Long Count calendar, notably used by the Maya civilization among others of pre-Columbian Mesoamerica, completes its thirteenth b'ak'tun cycle since the calendar's mythical starting point (equivalent to 3114 BC August 11 in the proleptic Gregorian calendar, according to the "GMT-correlation" JDN= 584283).[7] The Long Count b'ak'tun date of this starting point ( is repeated, for the first time in a span of approximately 5,125 solar years. The significance of this period-ending to the pre-Columbian Maya themselves is unclear, and there is an incomplete inscription (Tortuguero Stela 6) that records this date. It is also to be found carved on the walls of the Temple of Inscriptions in Palenque, where it functions as a base date from which other dates are computed.[8]  The December solstice for 2012 also occurs on this day.

José Argüelles's The Mayan Factor[17]  his interpretation of Maya calendar and cosmology is denied by Mayanist academic orthodoxy
Graham Hancock and Robert Bauval, have written extensively the Great Sphinx and the monument at Tiwanaku in modern Bolivia was begun in 10,500 BC; that the Sphinx's lion-shape is a definitive reference to the constellation of Leo; and that the layout and orientation of the Sphinx, the Giza pyramid complex and the Nile River is an accurate reflection or “map” of the constellations of Leo, Orion (specifically, Orion’s Belt) and the Milky Way, respectively. A date of 10,500 B.C. is chosen because they maintain this is the only time in the precession of the equinoxes when the astrological age was Leo and when that constellation rose directly east of the Sphinx at the vernal equinox. They also suggest that in this epoch the angles between the three stars of Orion’s Belt and the horizon was an “exact match” to the angles between the three main Giza pyramids. This time period coincidentally also coincides with the American psychic Edgar Cayce’s “dating” of Atlantis. These and other theories are used to support the overall belief in an advanced and ancient, but now vanished, global progenitor civilization.
Association for Research and Enlightenment (A.R.E., the Edgar Cayce Foundation). 
Egyptian pyramids
The Great Pyramid And The Earths Axis

More 432 coincidences @ mythsdreams

Hugh Harleston - The Rediscoverer of the Hunab the
Main Length Unit employed in the design of Teotihuacan

a-Geometric PI Value the sum of Base Diagonal plus
Volume Diagonal of the Cube of edge=1.

b=Decimal System = 10 value

c-The Hunab appeared as :

Decimal System /3 = 3.333...4 and
3.333...4 / 3.146264371... (Geometric PI Value) = 1.059457484...

Correct Hunab value = 1.059457484...

Hugh Harleston found Hunab Value = 1.059463..

"Mythology may, in a real sense, be defined as other people's religion and religion may, in a sense, be understood as a popular misunderstanding of mythology
 ---Joseph Campbell
The Stone Circle


Ancient civilizations attached great importance to numbers as an exact language in which physical and spiritual ideals could be expressed and preserved; hence they built their numbers into their architecture which aimed at the ideal of eternity.

The constellation of Orion represented the ‘resurrection god’ of many cultures, and in Egypt this was Osiris as well as his son and reincarnated self, Horus. Likewise these stories may make reference to the changing night sky by using a number related to 432.

Now a closer look at three of the most remarkable structures ever created from civilizations long gone from the planet, Egypt's Great Pyramid, Mexico's
Teotihuacan and England's Stonehenge.

432 = The Precession & the Great Pyramid

The precession causes the fixed stars to rise and set against the earth’s solar years so that at the first day of spring, which is the spring equinox, the constellation of the great age rises, we are in the last generations of Pisces rising before the constellation of Aquarius greets us. The Egyptians started their year at the summer solstice when the constellation Orion rose with the sun to mark the beginning of the flooding of the Nile.



    The Great Pyramid of Giza was the world's tallest building from c. 2570 BC to c. 1300 AD is the only remaining member of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. It is believed to have been built as a tomb for Fourth dynasty Egyptian pharaoh Khufu  and constructed over a 20 year period concluding around 2560 BC.

    The Great Pyramid was clearly designed to embody ages of knowledge of cosmic and mathematical proportion in a single sacred structure that would last for all time. A key number embodied in this structure is 432.


    • ---The height and perimeter of the Great Pyramid are in a ratio of 43,200 to the radius and circumference of the Earth. Take the original height of the pyramid (481.3949 feet) and multiply it by 43,200, the quotient is 3938.685 miles. The modern measurement for the actual polar radius of the Earth (pole to center) is 3949 miles.

    • ---The sum of the pyramid's two base diagonals in Pyramid Inches = length of the Precession of the Equinoxes (25827 years)
    • ---The distance from the ceiling of the King's Chamber to the apex of the pyramid = 4110.5 Pyramid Inches. Which is the radius of a circle whose circumference = the precession of the equinoxes. [4110.5 * 2 * Pyramid Inches = 25827]
    • ---The perimeter of the 35th course of blocks, which is much thicker than any of the other courses, gives a figure for the precession of the equinoxes.  
    In 1994 Robert Bauval and Adrian Gilbert published The Orion Mystery. Unlocking the Secrets of the Pyramids Bauval made a connection between the layout of the three main stars in Orion's belt and the layout of the three main pyramids in the Giza necropolis.

    The book contains scholarly writing which takes issue with the  lack of theories by Egyptologists while making imagination stirring sensational hypothesis which helped turn it into a best seller. Central to the book is that the pyramid complex and the Great Pyramid incorporates star shafts 'locked in' to Orion's Belt and Sirius at around 2450 BC, though they argue the Giza ground-plan references a different great age -- or 10,450 BC.[26]

    Also suggested by the great spinx and suggested by many psuedo science internet authors as commemorating the "birth of the Sun" a creation myth.

    Up Against The Academic Orthodoxy
    Roberto Bauval:
    "New ideas that threaten an established view are rarely received with open arms. Fearing the wrath of the Church and the Establishment, Nicholas Copernicus refused to have his findings published till after 1540, and only saw a finished copy of On the Revolutions of the Celestial
    Spheres when he was on his deathbed. A few decades later Copernicus's caution proved to be justified. For in 1600, when the Hermetic philosopher Giordano Bruno dared to uphold some of Copernicus's ideas, he was thrown in a Papal dungeon and eventually dragged in the streets to Campo Fiori in Rome and burnt alive at the stake by Dominican monks. In 1632, thirty-two years after the death of Bruno, the astronomer Galileo Galilei published Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems -- Ptolemaic and Copernican. For having "held and taught" Copernican ideas in his book, Galileo spent the last eight years of his life under house arrest and was forced to 'recant' his theories in front of the Bishops of Rome -- this after having been taken in the dark and damp dungeons of the Vatican and shown the instruments of torture that would be used on him. And more than two centuries later in 1859, when Charles Darwin published his theory of evolution, On the Origin of Species, he was immediately and viciously attacked by the Church and fellow 'scientists'. Also in Darwin's case, the attack came from that entity we now loosely call the media. Darwin was ridiculed, insulted and his theory 'debunked' by 'experts' of the day."
    But all this is now a thing of the past. Or is it? [more]
     Zoom into the Great Pyramids of Giza

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    Sacred Time & Space

    Metric versus Imperial measures

    All measures of interest are derived from three basic units: for distance, mass, and time. The United States of America is the last country to use the Imperial system for mass and time. The similarities with the pyramid inch mean this measurement is more in tune with the rhythms of the universe than the more convenient French derived metric system as shown by the many ways 432 can be derived from major measures of nature.

    A pyramid inch is equal to 1/25 of a "sacred cubit" whose existence had earlier been postulated by Isaac Newton[3]  who had noted how this number would produce whole numbers. The pyramid inch and sacred cubit are  found as raised images on a red granite plaque at the entrance to the Antechamber of the King's room of the Great Pyramid. 1 pyramid inch = 1.00106 English/American inches, or 2.5426924 centimetres.

    Early researchers beginning with John Greaves (1602 - 1652) found numerous apparent coincidences between the measurements of the pyramids and the geometry of the earth and the solar system.  This has led researchers to conclude that the British system of measures was derived from a far more ancient, if not divine, system. This derivation of the Vitruvian Man by Leonardo da Vinci, depicts nine historical units of measurement: the Yard, the Span, the Cubit, the Flemish Ell, the English Ell, the French Ell, the Fathom, the Hand , and the Foot.  The Vitruvian man was drawn to scale, so the units depicted are displayed with their proper historical ratios.

    The principal argument was that the total length of the four sides of the pyramid would be 36524 (100 times the number of days in a year) if measured in pyramid inches.

    During the 19th and early 20th centuries, this theory played a significant role in the debates over whether Britain and the United States should adopt the metric system[5]
    The metric system was demeaned as being atheistic.

    Time, on the other hand, has not been metricated in everyday use: years, months, weeks, days, hours, minutes, and seconds, with non-decimal conversion factors, are used.

    Sacred Numbers in the Pyramids of Mesoamerica
    The ancient and many modern Maya groups believe that the universe has been renewed four previous times.  Each prior attempt at the human creation was destroyed by a different catastrophe which ended the universe.

    End of the 5,200 year Mayan Cycle

    12 21 12
    3 3 3


    The astronomically-based Mayan calendar will be completing its first great cycle of approximately 5,200 years on the 21 December 2012. Although there is no substantial evidence that the ancient Maya considered the date significant, many people have postulated that this is the "end of the Universe" from the Mayan perspective, and others believe that the Mayans meant this to symbolize the "coming of a great change."

    Why 2012?

    Galaxy Image

     A precession-related alignment between the solstice  Sun and the Milky Way

    The Mayan Long Count ends
    Maya Cosmogenesis 2012: The True Meaning of the Maya Calendar End-Date"When this question is answered, archeological inscriptions can be put into their proper historical context and the end date of the 13-baktun cycle can be calculated. After years of considering data from varied fields such as astronomy, ethnography, archeology and iconography, J. Eric S. Thompson determined that correponded to the Julian date 584283, which equals August 11th, 3114 B.C. in our Gregorian calendar. This means that the end date of, some 5125 years later, is December 21st, 2012 A.D.1" [more]

    ---John Major Jenkins- independent Maya scholar [2]

    Time Wave Zero: once every 25,956 years
    Terence McKenna "suggests that the position of winter solstice sun within 3 degrees of the Galactic Center in the year 2012 A.D. (a "once-in-a-precessional- cycle" event) may provide the eschatological end point for his theory of time known as Timewave Zero.

    His end date was chosen for historical reasons and was, apparently, only later discovered to correspond with the Mayan end date. The McKenna brothers point out that this unusual astronomical situation has been noted by other writers, namely, Giorgio de Santillana and Hertha von Dechend in Hamlet's Mill (1969). As ACS Publication's The American Ephemeris for the 21st Century shows, in the year 2012 the Galactic Center is at 27 Sagittarius (within 3 of winter solstice). Thus McKenna demonstrates that on winter solstice of 2012, Galactic Center will be rising heliacally just before dawn, in a way reminiscent of how the Maya observed Venus's last morning star appearance."

    As noted by the Egyptians
     A time some 12,500  years ago  is indicated by the Great Pyramid as an era the early Egyptians  were especially interested in. It has been shown that 12,500 years ago identifies the last  time a solstice  sun  coincided with the Milky Way. The next time  this happens has been shown to be the Mayan calendar  end-date  of the December 21st winter solstice on  A.D. 2012.
    The Orion Mystery created a sensation in 1994 by  showing how one of the Great Pyramid's  "air shafts" was actually a sight tube aligned with the stars of Orion's  Belt  in the  era 2600 B.C The authors, Robert Bauval and Adrian  Gilbert,  explained their realization that the Great Pyramid  serves as  a  precessional star-clock, in that its orientation  defines certain eras in the precessional cycle although
    John Major Jenkins points out it was left to others to make the connection with the Mayan long count.

    2012 Prophecy: Inca, Hopi, Mayan
    Today many earth/cosmos spiritual practitioners or shamans conduct a ritual that will beckon in the prophesied Age of Peace, 500 years of unity and shared vision between peoples who have, for the last 500 years of Darkness, allowing all of humanity to move from the depths of war into the light of peace.

    The Mayan fifth world finished in 1987 as commemorated with the Harmonic Convergence with the sixth world starting in 2012 but what this is foretold to mean is actually blank. So we are currently "between worlds". This time is called the "Apocalypse" or revealing. A time for truth to be revealed and hopefully set us free.  We're doing our part here and wish you peace and blessings fellow traveler as we hope the great shift in consciousness moves us closer to peace in our time.

    Teotihuacan (pronounced tay-oh-tee-wah-con)

    The site of Teotihuacan emerged in the Valley of Mexico by 300 - 100 BC, in conjunction with the age of Pisces and at its height in AD 600 would have held a population of c. 125,000 people. Teotihuacán's rise coincided with the classical Romans' building of their great monuments, and with the beginning of cultures in Mexico's Yucatán Peninsula, Oaxaca, and Puebla. The Toltecs are generally given credit with building the largest pyramid, known as the  "The Pyramid of the Sun," which among other things, is in an alignment to coincide with the two days (May 19th and July 25th) when the sun would be directly over the top of the pyramid at noon. The culture and architecture of Teotihuacán was influenced by the Olmec people, who are considered to be the "mother civilization" of Mesoamerica and are best known for their giant heads with Negroid features.
    In the 1970's, a civil engineer by the name of Hugh Harleston Jr. made some 9,000 measurements of Teotihuacan over a 30-year period. He concluded that the entire complex was a precise scale-model of the solar system.

    "The Maya came to the mathematical certainty of a cosmic mind."  

    page 285


    "One look at the pyramidal structures of Yucatan and Chiapas with their corbelled walls rising to single moveable capstones, like the Grand Gallery at Ghiza, or the "tombs" of Mycenae, or the Megalithic structures at Maes-Howe on the west coast of Britain, is enough to show they were built for astronomical observation with frets and cockscombs that could function as markers for the rising, transit, and setting of heavenly bodies."

    ---Peter Tompkins

    If the centre line of the Temple of Quetzalcoatl was taken as the position of the sun, markers laid out northwards from it along the axis of the Avenue seemed to indicated the correct orbital distances of the inner planets, the asteroid belt, Jupiter, Saturn (the Sun Pyramid), Uranus (the Moon Pyramid) and Neptune and Pluto, represented by two mounds further north. The grand buildings of Teotihuacán were laid out in accordance with celestial movements. The front wall of the Pyramid of the Sun is exactly perpendicular to the point on the horizon where the sun sets at the equinoxes (twice annually). The rest of the ceremonial buildings were laid out at right angles to the Pyramid of the Sun.

    The Hunab: Among his findings was that the  site was constructed according to a system of measurement he named the STU, Standard Teotihuacan Unit, which is equals 1.059 meters. This unit features into the length of a side of the Pyramid of the Sun and the Pyramid of the Moon - and even into the distance between the two pyramids. Harleston also named this unit of measure the Hunab after the Aztec God of measure, Hunab Ku. In addition, one STU is equivalent to the width of the Stonehenge lintels and to the "Jewish rod" of 3.4757485 feet.

    Graham Hancock describes: "In brief, the angle of the fourth level of the Pyramid of the Sun is set at 19.69 degrees, the exact latitude of the pyramid itself (which stands at 19.69 degrees north of the equator).

    Ancient Science in Art & Religion

    The numbers show ancient astronomers knew of the precession of the equinoxes, or the Great Year (the Platonic year); v. gr., 26,000 or 25,920 years. Furthermore their religious belief systems placed this science of the spheres as the celebrated  unifying story of existence.
    Comprehend the logic of numbers that is reflected in these ancient reckoning system. The numbers would appear to be so intimately related, that it is difficult to consider any other alternative but to think that the ancient astronomers did actually conceive of the orbits of the planets within the solar system.
    Pyramids of Mexico vs. Egypt
    Reconciling the Precession Numbers reflected in the pyramid angles of both Egypt & Mexico

    Why Teotihuacan slopes at 43° rather tan 52° like many Egyptian pyramids

    ©Copyrighted 1997-2007 by Charles William Johnson

    "Some of the most commonly cited numbers representing the number of years of the Precession are 26,000 (The Great Sun Cycle); 25,920 (The Platonic Year); and, 25,956 (The Maya Precessional Number). Many others exist. Some of the more commonly cited degrees of inclination, that is, the angle of rise of the faces of the pyramids to the horizon, of the pyramids of ancient Egypt, are: 52° (The Perfect Pyramid at Meidum); 51° 50' or 51° 51' 14" (among others of The Great Pyramid of Khufu); 52° 20' 00"0 (Second Pyramid of Giza); 51° (Third Pyramid of Giza); among many other distinct degrees of inclination for the pyramids throughout Egypt, which appear to range from 42° 59' 26" (Southern Stone Pyramid of Dashur) on up to 75° 20' 0" (Pyramid of Rigah).

    The Precession numbers are expressed on the decimal system of 10s, 100s, 1000s; while the numbers of the degrees of angles are on the 60, 180, 360 based system of a circle. One may translate the decimal-based system numbers (i.e., 26,000) into the 60-based system of numbers (i.e., 26° 00' 00"0). The method of doubling/halving the numbers that was used in ancient Egypt (kemi). Consider the ideal case of the Precession number 26,000 years:

    104, 52, 26, 13 are significant cycle numbers of ancient Mesoamerica. These numbers may be easily translated into the 60-based system: 26 would simply be 26° 00' 00"0, for example, while 52 would be 52° 00' 00"0

    The Platonic Year 25,920 would produce the following numbers:

    103.68; 51.84; 25.92 expressed as fractals of the decimal system. Therefore, 51.84° is 51° 50' 24"0. In other words, the angle of inclination 51° 50' 24"0 would express the decimal number 51.84° , which could be the fractal expression of double the 25,920 Platonic Year number (25920 x 2 = 51840). These numbers and degrees would represent the ideal grand cycle of the Sun of 26,000 years.

    103.7; 51.85; 25.925 would be the expression set for an angle of inclination of 51° 51' 00"0, since these numbers reflect 51.85° , when expressed in the decimal system.

    The ancient maya are cited as having employed the Precession number 25,956 years (Harleston: EL UNIVERSO DE TEOTIHUACAN). This number would then be expressed as follows: 25.956; 51.912; 103.824, or in other words, 51.912° would represent an angle of inclination of 51° 54' 43"2. One immediately observes how these numbers suggest those of 51 degrees; 54 minutes, reflecting the ancient kemi series of 27, 54, 108; and, 432 the number of Consecration found through many ancient cultures.

    Now, if we look at an historically significant number of the ancient maya, the companion number 1366560, and divide it progressively by 2, we reach the number 21352.5, which would be an extremely low number for the precession. Yet, by following the same procedure, 21352.5; 42705; 85410 would suggest an angle of inclination of 42° 42' 18"0 (= 42.705° ).

     Pyramid of the Sun

    Interestingly enough, the Pyramid of the Sun of Teotihuacan, among others in ancient Mesoamerica, reflects angles of inclination around 43° (i.e., 41.4° to 43.35° ). Another companion number of the maya is 1385540, which would be halved progressievly to 43298.125, an angle of inclination of 43° 17' 53"2. One cannot help but notice that the cited 43.35° angle would yield an angle of inclination of 43° 21" 00"0, again making its appearance the 432(1) fractal of the consecration. Or, consider 43350/ 2 = 21675 and, 26000 - 21675 = 4325; again, the 432(5) fractal. [more]

    A Comparative Geometric Analysis of the Heights and Bases of the Great Pyramid of Khufu and the Pyramid of the Sun at Teotihuacan
    Latitude of Stonehenge

    Stonehenge is located at
    51 degrees, 10 minutes, 42.35294118 seconds North latitude,
    and 51 x 10 x 42.3529 = 21,600,
    i.e. (432 / 2). 

    View Larger Map

    Stonehenge's latitude is unusual in that only at this approximate latitude (within about 50 km) do the lunar and solar events above occur at right angles to one another. More than 50 km North or South of the latitude of Stonehenge, the station stones would have to be set out as a parallelogram.

    The Greek astronomer Hipparchos (ca. 190 - 125 B.C.)  is credited with covering the sphere of the earth with meridians and parallels. Following the Babylonian method of dividing circles and angles according to the sexagesimal system he created a grid of 360 lines running from the North to the South Pole and 180 lines running parallel to the equator. All this was done, however, thousands of years after the building of Stonehenge.

    Built over four major phases between 3200 BC and 1600 BC, Stonehenge lies nine miles (14 km) north of Salisbury Hill in Wilshire. It contains references to specific lunar and solar alignments, a triumph of prehistoric engineering, astronomy and symbolism.


    Harmony makes small things grow. Lack of it makes great things decay. --Sallust (86-34 BC)

    The Early Square: Rope with 12 equal knots
    you have a string with 12 knots and you lay them 3-4-5 like below then it forms an perfect right angle. So it was easy for the ancients to make perfect right angles with a rope divided into 12 sections

    the mayans used 5 in their ancient calendar. They calculated the precession cylcle (which is 25.920 years, the mayans called this the Great Great year) and divided it into 5 pieces of 5,125.36 years which was called the Great year.

    Also of particular importance to this web portal,, after 360 days, there are 5 more days remaining which are set aside for the extraordinary or the first great Carnavals of humanity.

     25,920 years = 60 x 432

    Embedded Constants of The Great Pyramid:
    • Tropical Year or Calendar Year: The length of a base side is 9131 Pyramid Inches measured at the mean socket level, or 365.24 Pyramid Cubits, which is the number of days in a year [9 131/25 = 365.24, accurate to 5 digits]. The perimeter of the base divided by 100 = 365.24, the number of days in a year. [9 131 Pyramid Inches * 4 / 100, accurate to 5 digits]

    • Tropical Year: The length of the Antechamber used as the diameter of a circle produces a circumference of 365.242 (accurate to 6 digits).

    • Tropical Year: The ratio of the lengths of the Grand Gallery to the solid diagonal of the King's Chamber times 100 equals the number of days in a tropical year. [(1 881.5985600 / 51.516461) * 100 = 365.242200, accurate to 8 digits]

    • Sidereal Year: The length of the antechamber of the King's Chamber times Pi = length of a sidereal year [116.26471 Pyramid Inches * 3.14159 = 365.25636 days, accurate to 8 digits]

    • Sidereal Year: The length of a base side at sidereal socket level is 365.256 Pyramid Cubits. [accurate to 6 digits]

    • Mean Distance to the Sun: Half of the length of the diagonal of the base times 10^6 = average distance to the sun

    • Mean Distance to Sun: The height of the pyramid times 10^9 represents the mean radius of the Earth's orbit around the sun, or Astronomical Unit (AU). [5813.235565376 Pyramid Inches x 10^9 = 91848816.9 miles]

    • Mean Distance to Moon: The length of the Jubilee passage times 7 times 10^7 is the mean distance to the moon. [215.973053 Pyramid Inches * 7 * 10^7 = 1.5118e10 Pyramid Inches = 238,865 miles]

    • Sun's Radius: Twice the perimeter of the bottom of the granite coffer times 10^8 is the sun's mean radius. [270.45378502 Pyramid Inches* 10^8 = 427316 miles]

    • Earth's Polar Radius: The Sacred Cubit times 10^7 = polar radius of the Earth (distance from North Pole to Earth's centre) [25 Pyramid Inches * 10^7 * (1.001081 in / 1 Pyramid Inches) * (1 ft / 12 in) * (1 mi/ 5280 ft) = 3950 miles]

    • Earth's Polar Radius: The Pyramid embodies a scale ratio of 1/43200. The height * 43200 = 3938.685 miles, which is the polar radius of the Earth to within 11 mi.

    • Radius of the Earth: The curvature designed into the faces of the pyramid exactly matches the radius of the Earth.

    • Equatorial Circumference of the Earth: The Pyramid embodies a scale ratio of 1/43200. The perimeter of the base * 43200 = 24,734.94 miles, which is within 170 miles of the equatorial circumference of the Earth.

    • Earth's Volume: The product of the pyramid's volume and density times 10^15 equals the ratio of volume to density of the Earth. [10339823.3 cubic cubits * 0.4078994 * 10^15 = 4.21760772 x 10^21 cubic cubits = 259.93 x 10^9 cubic miles]

    • Earth's Mass: Mass of the pyramid = volume * density = 10339823.3 cubic cubits * 0.4078994 Earth density = 4217497. The mass converted to pyramid tons = 4217607.72 * 1.25 = 5,272,010 pyramid tons. Since the mean density of the Earth was defined as 1.0, then the mass of the Earth is 10^15 times the mass in pyramid tons = 5.272 x 10^21 pyramid tons = 5.99 x 10^24 Kg

    • Speed of Earth around the Sun: The Pyramid Inch times 10^8 = the speed of the Earth around the sun, circa 2600BCE

    • Mass of the Earth: The weight of the pyramid is estimated at 5955000 tons. Multiplied by 10^8 gives a reasonable estimate of the Earth's mass.

    • Average Land Height: The average height of land above sea level for the Earth is 5449 inches. This is also the height of the pyramid.

    • The Light Equation: The height of the Great Pyramid, minus the height of the capstone represents one millionth the time it takes light to travel the mean radius of the Earth's orbit around the sun (1 astronomical unit) using 1 Pyramid Inch equals 24 hours (mean solar day). [(5813.2355653 - 103.0369176) /
      10^6 = .0057101986+ days = 493.36116 seconds = 8 minutes, 13.36 seconds]

    • The Velocity of Light: With distance of one A.U. known and the transit time of light for this same distance the velocity of light can be found. [91848816.9 miles / 493.36+ seconds = 186169.5 miles/sec]

    • The Sun's Parallax: The size of the Earth as viewed from the Sun and expressed as an angle and generally taken to be 1/2 the diameter at the equator (Solar Equatorial Parallax) is 8.9008091 seconds of arc using 91848817 miles as the mean distance to the sun and 3963.4914 miles as the equatorial radius. The distance between the mean socket level and the height of the levelled bedrock is 8.9008 Pyramid Inches.


    • The Descending Passage pointed to the pole star Alpha Draconis, circa 2170-2144BCE. This was the North Star at that point in time. No other star has aligned with the passage since then.

    • The 344ft length of the Descending Passage provides an angle of view of only +/- 1/3 of a degree. Alpha Draconis has not been in alignment for thousands of years. The next alignment will be with the North Star, Polaris, in about 2004CE. Polaris in Greek means "Satan".

    • The southern shaft in the King's Chamber (45 deg, 00 min, 00 sec) pointed to the star Al Nitak (Zeta Orionis) in the constellation Orion, circa 2450BCE The Orion constellation was associated with the Egyptian god Osiris. No other star aligned with this shaft during that Epoch.

    • The northern shaft in the King's Chamber (32 deg, 28 min, 00 sec) pointed to the star Alpha Draconis, circa 2450BCE

    • The southern shaft in the Queen's Chamber (39 deg, 30 min, 00 sec) pointed to the star Sirius, circa 2450BCE Sirius was associated with the Egyptian goddess Isis and is also part of a unique ceremony practiced by the African Dogon tribe.

    • The northern shaft in the Queen's Chamber (39 deg, 00 min, 00 sec) pointed to the star Ursa Minor, circa 2450BCE

    • Pyramids mirror Orion Constellation: The pyramid positions on the ground are a reflection of the positions of the stars in the constellation Orion circa 10400BCE Five of the 7 brightest stars have pyramid equivalents: The 3 great pyramids of Khufu, Khafra, and Menkaura for the belt of Orion, the pyramid of Nebka at Abu Rawash corresponds to the star Saiph, the pyramid at Zawat al Aryan corresponds to the star Bellatrix. The only two missing star positions are for Betelgeuse and Rigel.

    • Marks Spring Equinox: Due to the angle of the sides of the pyramid vs. it's latitude, it casts no shadow at noon during the spring equinox.

    • Precession of the Equinoxes: The sum of the pyramid's two base diagonals in Pyramid Inches = length of the Precession of the Equinoxes (25827 years)

    • Precession of the Equinoxes: The distance from the ceiling of the King's Chamber to the apex of the pyramid = 4110.5 Pyramid Inches. Which is the radius of a circle whose circumference = the precession of the equinoxes. [4110.5 * 2 * Pyramid Inches = 25827]

    • Precession of the Equinoxes: The perimeter of the 35th course of blocks, which is much thicker than any of the other courses, gives a figure for the precession of the equinoxes.

    Numbers of relevance:

    • The length of a base is 9131 Pyramid Inches from corner to corner in a straight line.

    • The length of a base side at the base socket level is 9 131 Pyramid Inches or 365.24 Pyramid Cubits.

    • The length of a base side at sidereal socket level is 9 131.4 Pyramid Inches or 365.256 Pyramid Cubits.

    • The length of the perimeter at the sidereal socket level is 36 525.63629 Pyramid Inches.

    • The perfect formula height of the pyramid including the missing apex is 5 813.2355653763 Pyramid Inches, calculated from perimeter of base divided by 2 Pyramid Inches.

    • The height to the missing apex is 5 812.98 Pyramid Inches.

    • The volume of the pyramid is: V = 1/3 base area x height = 161559817000 cubic Pyramid Inches = 10339828.3 cubic Pyramid Cubits. [(5813.2355653 Pyramid Inches)/3 * 9 131 Pyramid Inches * 9 131 Pyramid Inches]

    Units of Measurement:

    • The Pyramid Inch (PI) = 1.0011 present inches, and 1.0010846752 British Inches.

    • The Pyramid Cubit or Sacred Cubit = 25 pyramid inches.



    The Authorship and Message of the Great Pyramid, 1953, Julian T. Gray, E. Steinmann & Co.
    Back in Time 3104 B.C. to the Great Pyramid, 1990, S. G. Taseos
    The Delicate Balance, 1989, John Zajac
    The Egyptian Pyramids: A Comprehensive & Illustrated Reference, 1990, J.P. Lepre
    The Great Pyramid: A Miracle in Stone, 1973, Joseph A. Seiss
    The Orion Mystery: Unlocking the Secrets of the Pyramids, 1994, R. Bauval & A. Gilbert
    Our Inheritance in the Great Pyramid, 1891, C. Piazzi Smyth
    The Pyramids and Temples of Gizeh, 1885, W.M. Flinders Petrie
    Secrets of the Great Pyramid, 1978, Peter Tompkins

    Complied by W. Southey

    Ethiopian Pharaohs
    In 1966 acclaimed pyramid author and classical scholar Peter Tomkins presented to the annual meeting of the Archeological Institute of America a paper which maintained that historical accounts, myths, and legends, and some monuments of Delphi, indicate that the oracle was established there by the Pharaohs of the Ethiopian Dynasty and this was the reason the Greek portrayed Delphos, the eponymous hero of Delphi, as an African.
    pg 349 Secrets of the Great Pyramid
    The Great Pyramid is so massive that a plumbline will not hang straight down when near the pyramid but will swing toward the structure.
    ---Cf. Tompkins, Secrets of the Great Pyramids, pp. 84-85


    Archaeo-astronomy is a relatively new field of study focused on our  species' history of interaction with the cosmos, its two academic associations were formed only in 1990s. To the ancients, the myths which embodied the visible planets  represented the corridor between man and the heavenly universe above all. By traveling through this corridor, man was enabled to observe the world as it really is, in all its mystery.

    Ever  since Hamlet's Mill in 1969 resurrected the idea that ancient astronomy and mythology were closely connected, the field has embarrassed mainstream archaeologists who for too long have been in denial regarding the growing and overwhelming corroborating evidence of a time when science and religion were intimately related to mirroring the harmony of the cosmos on earth. Everyone has wondered about the similarities between the pyramid building cultures of ancient Egypt and those of Pre-Columbian Central and South America, most are taken by the clearly African features of the giant Olmec heads which highlight Mexico's first major civilization yet you must turn to alternative sources to discover the speculative yet fascinating and compelling connection.

    Carnaval is the celebration of the rebirth of life, performed annually by nature and observably observed by most cultures. It's earliest incorporation into formal Downloadreligion was the five days outside of the 360 days of the year set aside by the Egyptians and probably the Babylonians as well.  The ancients have been telling us for 5,000 years that we are fortunate to live in interesting times as the new Aquarian age we are now on the cusp of is also the end and beginning cycle for the 25,800 year precessional cycle of the equinoxes This story of humanity beginning in the age of Leo opposite to today's looming Age of Aquarius is the new story we seek.

     It is time now for the self-congratulatory assumptions of Western science about the unfolding development and transmission of knowledge to be buried with the fading age of Pisces. There is a planet at risk of being lost if we cannot relearn the lessons of the ancients such that we can combine spirituality and science into a new story to teach our children.