Southern Veracruz

Southern Veracruz

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Southeastern Veracruz,   Seaside Oil boomtown, nearby Cities are Acayucan (where highways 180 & 185 meet) & Minatitlan

Olmecs, called the Mother Culture. The largest and best known Olmec sites are situated along rivers on the coastal plain and include San Lorenzo (1300–900 B.C.) and Tres Zapotes (1000–400 B.C.) in Veracruz, and La Venta (1000–600 B.C.) in Tabasco. San Lorenzo, at the center of the Olmec domain, controlled the vast flood plain area of Coatzacoalcos basin and riverline trade routes.The Olmec people called themselves Xi (pronounced Shi).
By 1150 BC, in a city near San Lorenzo, Veracruz, Mexico, there was drainage, a ball court, public buildings, and many of the colossal Olmec
click to enlarge map heads.

In 900 BC, La Venta, located in the Mexican state of Tabasco, outshone San Lorenzo.  Their figurines were made up of obsidian and jade and showed that they were advanced enough to have elites that sponsored art. The most famous figurines are those of were-jaguars and pudgy babies, whose meaning is currently unknown.
The colossal heads are thought to represent the elite and show how the Olmecs looked like. It is important to note that the heads have African characteristics and are wearing helmets.
The sculptured heads of basalt, weighing as much as 40 tons and standing up to 10 ft (3 m) in height came from up to 50 mi (80 km) away and was floated to the riverine settlements on rafts.
By 400 B.C. the Mayan culture was dominating while the Olmec culture was disappearing into central parts of the future Mexican civilizations
"The Olmec Writing is Unique. The Signs are similar to the writing used by the Vai people of West Africa. The Olmecs spoke and aspect of the Manding (Malinke-Bambara) language spoken in West Africa. "
Olmec Head contest
won by || home
with a complete collection of all 17 Olmec heads


In legend, Coatzacoalcos is the place from which Quetzalcoatl and his followers sailed east, vowing to return
. Today it is mostly known as an industrial port.
The Tehuanteped railroad turned the seaside port into a major City around the turn of the century. Today it is the #1 location for the manufacture of petrochemicals and their subsequent transfer.

Only about 120 miles separates Coatzacoalcos from connecting with its sister port City of Juchitan on the Pacific


city & road Map

Places To STAY    
Hotels by

Coatzacoalcos Hotels by zonaturistica

Coatzacoalcos,  Mexico

   Pool, telephone, Parking, TV
Cancel Policy: 
2 Days Prior Arrival   Hidalgo #405 Col. Centro.
Teléfono: 01 921 21 20301
Fax: 01 921 21 28255
John Spark No. 411, Coatzacoalcos, Veracruz
80 Habitaciones y Suites tel. 212-6388 2-6256
Terranova   Reservaciones Telefónicas al 018007121451
Coatzacoalcos VE || Mexico >> Radio / TV Stations on the Internet
92.7 50kW XHSAV - La Primerisima - San Andres Tuxtla VE MX
93.1 - XHCSV - Maxima 93.1 - Coatzacoalcos VE MX
101.7 61.1kW XHTD - Vox FM - Coatzacoalcos VE MX
590 - XEOM - Radio Formula|rep. - Coatzacoalcos VE MX
1000 - XECSV - Maxima 93.1 |on FM - Coatzacoalcos VE MX


Close to the Olmec ruins of San Lorenzo (overthrown about 900 B.C)  Little restoration has been done at the site and the Olmec museums are meager in this zone where many large oil refineries dominate. 

San Lorenzo Olmec guides by google

La Venta,
(destroyed 350 B.C.) and Tres Zapotes (lesser lasting settlement occupied till 1200 A.D., here in the Coatzacoalcos River Valley.Southeastern Veracruz,  from the Papaloapan River to the state of Tabasco is the original home to the Olmecs, the mother culture of the great middle American civilizations 

Renovation of The Venta Museum Park

The Olmecs by 



CARNAVAL is pre-Lenten concluding on the Tuesday before Ash Wednesday. bands, dances of masks, fireworks

The oldest oil town in the southeast with prehispanic archeological remains. The cultural stew of Minatitlán bears strong witness to nearby Oaxaca particularly during fiestas like Candlemas. near Coatzacoalcos


Take a boat trip on the Coatzacoalcos River towards Hidalgotilan. The river is extremely active with small craft as it continues to function as the main transport for inland communities

El Manati Lagoon (18 km from Hidalgotitlan during November and December when tens of thousands of birds arrive spectacularly from the north

Places To STAY    
Minatitlán Hotels by zonaturistica
Carr. Transístmica Km. 264, Minatitlán, Veracruz
  80 Habitaciones y 2 Suites tel. Mar-36

San Juan Evengelista
Just a few kilometers from Acayucan (354 km from Xalapa), on the right hand back of the Coatzacoalcos River. The City was an important trading port for merchants from Acayucan in their commerce with Tlacotalpan, Veracruz and the international trade of wood, cacao, tobacco and leather. The distictive architecture is similar to Tlacotalpan with large houses with steep roofs and grand front porches with ornate columns.


San Lorenzo-Tenochtitlan
The center of Olmec culture for many centuries. Many archeological discoveries are still being made

San Lorenzo Tenochtitlan, Veracruz, Mexico
Olmec Colossal Head No. 10 San Lorenzo Tenochtitlan


"visit the birthplaces of that art where the colossal heads and finely carved sculptures emblematic of the Olmec style were found. We will see these famous figures on display in some of Mexico’s finest museums and in small regional museums seldom visited by tourists.

This extraordinary expedition will take us into truly remote areas to explore some of the more elusive Olmec sites and to their small, regional museums. See the remote sites of La Venta, San Lorenzo, Potrero Nuevo, Loma Del Zapote, and Tres Zapotes where the first of the Olmec colossal heads was found in 1862.  Climb the spectacular cleft volcanic mountain to see the beautifully inscribed boulders at remote Chalcatzingo. And explore Teopantecuanitlan, a major Olmec center first discovered in 1985 that has pushed the Olmec chronology back to 1500BC.


Villahermosa State of Tabasco Yucatan Peninsula
Villahermosa (v´´yärm´sä)  city (1990 pop. 261,321), capital of Tabasco state, SE Mexico, on the Grijalva River. The city, which has good communications facilities, is the commercial and distribution center for the surrounding region. Oil is the economic mainstay. Villahermosa was founded in the 16th cent. The downtown area, including the pedestrian-only Zona Luz, is on the west bank of the Grijalva River. About 1.5km (1 mile) upstream (south) is CICOM, with the large archaeology museum named for the poet Carlos Pellicer Cámara.

Tabasco by the nettraveler  (partial English)
"This natural richness, other than astonish because of its beauty, offers part of its resources for local gastronomy and craftsmanship"

GETTING THERE: Villahermosa's airport is 10km (6 1/2 miles) east of town. Driving in, you'll cross a bridge over the Río Grijalva, then turn left to reach downtown. Taxis to the downtown area cost $14.

bus station, local buses marked "Mercado-C. Camionera" or simply "Centro" leave frequently for the center of town.

Villahermosa Yucatan Peninsula > Tabasco and Chiapas

Villahermosa Area Map

La Venta park Museum
Hours Daily 8am-4pm
Address Bulevar Ruiz Cortines s/n
Transportation Take Paseo Tabasco NE to Hwy. 180 and turn right; it's less than 1.5km (1 mile) farther, on the right
Phone 993/314-1652
Prices Admission $3
La Venta Park Museum
Exhibits 1 to 7
Colossal Head No. 1
Colossal Head No. 3
Colossal Head No. 4
Altars No. 2 & 3
Altar No. 4
Altar No. 5
Exhibits 10 to 16
Exhibits 17 to 20
Exhibit 21
Exhibits 22, 24, 25
Exhibits 27, 28, 29
Exhibits 32, 33
Olmecs & Mother Africa