The Sphinx
The Sphinx
Carnaval.com  presents
Carnaval.com  presents

Nabta Playa
Prehistory in Egypt
The Message
Hall of Records
Erosion Dating
Link to Africa
Facial Analysis
Dream Stele
Academic Movement
King Tut
Restoration
Fast Facts
Sphinx as Oracle
Conclusion
http://www.africa.upenn.edu/Smithsonian_GIFS/Sphinx_11678.gif
isis
Isis Rising
Golden Ass
Bast the Cat goddess
Pyramids
432
The Unicorn
Plutarach
Myth & Magic
Egyptians
Costumes
Egyptian Cobra Mask (Foam)
Sections:
Prehistory in Egypt
Link to Africa
Great Sphinx of Giza,
Nabta_Playa
Egyptologists orthodoxy on the face of the Great Sphinx is it is the head of the pharaoh Khafre or possibly that of his son, the Pharaoh Djedefra, which would date its construction from the fourth dynasty (2723 BC–2563 BC).
Earlier archeologists such as E. A. Wallis Budge and Gaston Maspero differed
Pharaoh Tuthmosis IV created the the Dream Stele. He also completed an obelisk first started by Thutmose III, which, at 32 m (105 feet), was the tallest obelisk ever erected in Egypt, at the Temple of Karnak.[15] It was transported to Rome by a later Roman Emperor and today stands at Saint Peter's Square in the Vatican.
Deluge (mythology) and Deluge (prehistoric)
In Sri Lanka the sphinx is known as narasimha or man-lion. As a sphinx it has the body of a lion and the head of a human being, and is not to be confused with Narasimha, the 4th reincarnation of the deity Mahavishnu; this avatara or incarnation is depicted with a human body and the head of a lion. The "sphinx" narasimha is part of the Buddhist tradition and functions as a guardian of the northern direction and was also depicted on banners.
Egyptian_
chronology
While a "Conventional Egyptian chronology" is available, which centralizes the several possible dates it is not possible to reliably do Ancient Egypt. Synchronisms with other chronologies. The most important of these is with the Assyrian and Babylonian chronologies, although synchronisms with the Hittites, ancient Palestine, and in the final period with ancient Greece are also used. Synchronisms with inscriptions relating to the burial of Apis bulls begin as early as the reign of Amenhotep III and continue into Ptolemaic times, but there is a significant gap in the record between Ramesses XI and the 23rd year of
Osorkon II

Astronomical synchronisms. The best known of these is the Sothic cycle, but History of ancient Egypt before 5000 BC is scant although archaeological evidence indicates that a distinct culture was developing in the Nile valley from before 5100 BC. What is now called the Pharaonic Period is dated from around 3100 BC, when Egypt became a unified state. The Predynastic Period of Egypt (prior to 5100 BCE) is traditionally the period between the Early Neolithic and the beginning of the Pharaonic monarchy beginning with King Narmer.

Twenty some archaeological sites in upper Nubia evidence a grain-grinding Neolithic culture called the Qadan culture, which practiced farming along the Nile during the beginning of the Sahaba Daru nile phase, when desiccation in the Sahara caused residents of the Libyan oases to retreat into the Nile valley. However, the period from 11,000 to 8,000 BCE has left very little in the way of archaeological evidence. However, around 8,000 BCE Neolithic settlements have been found all over Egypt.[3]

Gerzean culture coincided with a significant drop in rainfall,[15] and farming produced the vast majority of food,[14] although paintings from this time indicate that hunting was not entirely forgone. With increased food supplies, Egyptians adopted a greatly more sedentary lifestyle, and larger settlements grew to cities with about 5,000 residents.[14] It was in this time that Egyptian city dwellers stopped building out of reeds, and used the mudbrick, which was developed in the Amratian Period, en masse to build their cities.[14] Egyptian stone tools, while still in use, moved from bifacial construction to ripple-flaked construction, copper was used to make all kinds of tools as well,[14] and also for the first time, copper weaponry turns up.[9] Silver, gold, lapis, and faience were used ornamentally,[14] and the grinding palettes used for eye-paint since the Badarian period began to be adorned with relief carvings.[9] 

Colin_Reader

Théophile Obenga
part of the team at the 1974 UNESCO colloquium in Cairo on “The Peopling of Ancient Egypt and the Decipherment of Meroitic Writing” that effectively affirmed the African origin of Egyptian civilization by proven the genetic linguistic relationship between the language spoken by the ancient Egyptians and modern Black African languages.

Great Flood of 10,500 BC
Greek mythology knows three floods. Among them, the Ogygian ("primeval", "primal", "earliest dawn") flood covered the whole world and was so devastating that the country remained without kings until the reign of Cecrops[5]. Plato in his Laws, Book III, estimates that this flood occurred 10,000 years before his time. Also in Timaeus (22) and in Critias (111-112) he describes the "great deluge of all" during the 10th millennium BCE. In addition, the texts report that "many great deluges have taken place during the nine thousand years" since Athens and Atlantis were preeminent[6]. The theory of the flood in the Aegean Basin, proposed that a great flood occurred towards the end of the Pleistocene. This flood coincides with the end of the last ice age, estimated approximately 10,000 years ago, when the sea level has risen as much as 130 metres. The map on the right shows how the region would look 12,000 years ago, when the sea level would be 100 meters lower than today. The geological findings support the hypothesis that the Ogygian Deluge may well be based on a real event.

The Great Sphinx was believed to stand as a guardian of the Giza Plateau, where it faces the rising sun. It was the focus of solar worship in the Old Kingdom, centered in the adjoining temples built around the time of its probable construction. Its animal form, the lion, has long been a symbol associated with the sun in ancient Near Eastern civilizations. Images depicting the Egyptian king in the form of a lion smiting his enemies appear as far back as the Early Dynastic Period of Egypt. During the New Kingdom, the Sphinx became more specifically associated with the god Hor-em-akhet (Greek Harmachis) or Horus at the Horizon, which represented the Pharaoh in his role as the Shesep ankh of Atum (living image of Atum). A temple was built to the northeast of the Sphinx by King Amenhotep II, nearly a thousand years after its construction, dedicated to the cult of Horemakhet.

The Great Flood is a common feature of the world's cultural heritage and may indicate an association with the Aquarius (the Water Bearer) counterpart of this Age.

Further information: Deluge (mythology) and Noah's Ark

The Age of Leo-Aquarius marks the end of the Atlantean Epoch, according to the Esoteric Christian and Gnostic esoteric teachings. The Atlanteans are said to have inhabited the basins covered by a dense, drenching fog (i.e. what is currently know as the Atlantic oceanic basin) which condensed into rain and flooded the basis of the Earth (recorded in all major cultures as the myth of the Great Flood)

Monuments and Sights to See In Egypt @ .touregypt.net
2007 Rose + Croix Journal
rosicrucian.org  Rosicrucian Order AMORC tradition traces the group's origin to the schools of philosophy begun by Pharaoh Thutmosis III in 1489 B.C the father of the first restorer of the sphinx. [more]
robertbauval.co.uk
Orion and the Giza pyramids @ hallofmaat.com 
A response by an Egyptololgist to
Robert Bauval theories
by Jaromir Malek Discussions in Egyptology 30, 1994, pp 101-114
  Secrets of the Sphinx© Mysteries of the Ages Revealed by Andrew Raymond

You will discover that our scientists divide the 25,800-year cycle of our Earth into twelve ages instead of twelve months
The chamber beneath the Sphinx by catchpenny.org
The Two Babylons, Alexander Hislop, The Child In Egypt 222
---John Anthony West @ jawest.net/
Nabta: Older than Stonehenge  @phy. mtu.edu
Redating the Sphinx by David P. Billington, Jr.
Copyright 1996.Technical debate over the age of the Sphinx peaked in 2000-2001, although discussion has continued in various online forums. Updated May 2007
sphinx theories @ crystalinks.com
The Sphinx @world- mysteries.com
Featuring a good survey of archeological evidence through 2001 regarding the weathering patterns and concluding only a few hundreds years older than the 2500 BC date used for the nearby Pyramids of Giza
Link to Africa
Upon the coronation of Haile Selassie I as emperor and in keeping with the traditions of the Solomonic dynasty that had reigned in highland Ethiopia since 1297, Haile Selassie's throne name and title were joined to the imperial motto, so that all court documents and seals bore the inscription: "The Lion of the Tribe of Judah has conquered! Haile Selassie I, Elect of God King of Kings of Ethiopia." The use of this formula dates to the dynasty's Solomonic origins, as well as to the Christianized throne from the period of Ezana; all monarchs being required to trace their lineage back to Menelik I, who in the Ethiopian tradition was the offspring of Solomon and the Queen of Sheba.
 
Haile Selassie I is also considered to be the religious symbol for God incarnate among the Rastafari movement, founded in Jamaica in the early 1930s. The Rastafari also call Haile Selassie HIM, Jah and Jah Rastafari. In 1963, Haile Selassie presided over the establishment of the Organisation of African Unity, with the new organisation setting up its headquarters in Addis Ababa. As the longest serving Head of State then in power, Haile Selassie was usually given precedence over all other leaders at most international state events, such as the celebration of the 2500 years of the Persian Empire, the summits of the Non-aligned movement, and the state funerals of John F. Kennedy and Charles de Gaulle. His frequent travels around the world raised Ethiopia's international image. On 23 November 1974, 60 former high officials of the Imperial government known as "the Sixty", were executed without trial.[15]

On 5 November 2000, Haile Selassie was given an Imperial funeral by the Ethiopian Orthodox Church. The current post-communist government refused to give it the status of a state funeral. Although such prominent Rastafari figures such as Rita Marley and others participated in the grand funeral, most Rastafari rejected the event and refused to accept that the bones were the remains of Haile Selassie.

There remains some debate, particularly within the Rastafari movement, as to whether Haile Selassie actually died at this time.

“Me only have one ambition, y'know. I only have one thing I really like to see happen. I like to see mankind live together - black, white, Chinese, everyone - that's all.”
---Robert Nesta Marley
Ethiopian Priest (1930)
Ethiopian Priest (1930)
Reading List for Ancient Egypt & Africa
Ancient Egypt: The Light of the World (2 Volumes)-- Ancient Egypt the Light of the World - [2 vols.] Gerald Massey
--
Gerald Massey's Lectures - Gerald Massey
--
African origins of the Major "Western" Religions - Yosef ben-Jochannan

Black Man of the Nile
--
Black man of the Nile and His Family - Yosef ben-Jochannan

African Origins of the Major World Religions
--
African origins of the Major World's Religions - Amon Sakaana [Ed]

African Presence in Early Europe (Journal of African Civilizations)
--
African Origins of Civilisation: Myth or Reality? - Cheikh Anta Diop
--
Pagan Origins of the Christ Myth - John Jackson
--
Man, God & Civilisation - John Jackson
--
African Presence in Early Europe - Ivan Van Sertima
--
African Presence in Early Asia - Runuko Rashidi, Ivan Van Sertima
--
Egypt Revisited - Ivan Van Sertima
--
Sex and Race [vol. 1] - J A Rogers
--
Gods of the Egyptians - Sir E A Wallis-Budge

From Fetish to God in Ancient Egypt
--
From Fetish to God in Ancient Egypt - E A Wallis-Budge
--
Egyptian Book of the Dead: The Papyrus of Ani - E A Wallis-Budge
--
The Golden Bough [13 vols.] - James Frazer

Black Athena Writes Back: Martin Bernal Responds to His Critics
--
Black Athena [vol. 1] - Martin Bernal

 

 

The Riddles of the Sphinx
 
The Great Sphinx is the world’s largest and oldest single stone statues, and most debated. These questions have collectively earned the title “Riddle of the Sphinx,”

Just how many millennia the great sphinx has fascinated humanity? The experts differ by over 7000 years varying from  the height of the construction of the  Pyramids of Giza during the  time of Khafre [2603-2578 B.C.] to the theoretical beginning of a precessional great cycle of 25,920 years saying it references today by pointing to a night sky event at the opposite end of these days of changes during the age of Leo about 10,500 BC.

Egyptologists, have done pretty well for many generations ignoring the connection of the Sphinx and Ethiopia but Nabta Playa relatively recent 1974 discovery as the world's earliest known archeoastronomical observatory should move the Afro centric debate much closer to Ethiopia.  This despite compelling linguistic evidence and the relatively recent discovery of the earliest Stonehenge like observatory at Nabta Playa the evidence that the Egyptians began as an African tribe has not been given its due according to too many African academics and authors. Among the many riddles the Sphinx asks is  a distinctive "African," "Nubian," or "Negroid" aspect which is lacking in the face of Khafre.

Robert Bauval, a Belgian construction engineer, with a flair for astronomy was among the first to document how the monuments in the Giza region on the earth mimic various constellations in the sky. It was this piece of evidence that the Egyptologists had ignored and still drives to much of the discussion as we adjust to the new concept of moving from the Age of Pisces to the Age of Aquarius. Is this the message of the Sphinx?

Together with Graham Hancock, Bauval made the claim in a series of popular books that the three pyramids align with the bright "belt" stars in the Orion constellation. Mathematicians and astronomers endorsed his calculation.  Hancock makes the following quotes about Bauval’s calculation. "…the Giza monuments as a whole were so arranged as to provide a picture of the skies not as they had looked in Fourth Dynasty around 2500 B.C., but as they looked…around the year 10,450 B.C." More provocatively he shows that the Sphinx was built well before the other monuments in the area as far back as this date but more likely as a pointer to our own time where we will face similar patterns of worlds in collision as polar ice caps melt.

In the early 1990's it was pointed out that the Sphinx prominently wears evidence of rainfall erosion. Such erosion could only mean that the Sphinx is at least 500 hundred years older than nearby pyramids and according to some was carved during or before the rains that marked the transition of northern Africa from the last Ice Age to the present interglacial epoch, a transition that occurred in the millennia from 11,000 to 3000 BC.

The Sphinx age controversy has been an unwelcome distraction to mainstream scholars. At the present all they concede is that the focused attention on the geological and environmental history of the monument is a good for promoting preservation. Any claims of undiscovered knowledge have been wholeheartedly dismissed by the orthodoxy, yet the truth that the stars communicate continues to be heard from a new branch of science known as archeoastronomy.

The consensus about the Sphinx is that a priestly class erected it for some symbolical purposes. Many exceptional people through history have seen it as a central landmark of humanity containing important messages.  The granite Stela, paced between the paws by Pharaoh Thutmosis IV of the Fourth Dynasty, visibly shows us that many of previous eras believe that there is something magical about this Sphinx. All the more reason to plan a visit and monitor the restoration efforts
 

Nabta Playa: the oldest night sky  observatory

discovered in 1974 between Egypt & Ethiopia

 Nabta: Older than Stonehenge
Credit: J. M. Malville (U. Colorado) & F. Wendorf (SMU) et al.

On a desolate plain in the Egyptian Sahara desert, west of Aswan, there is a very remote prehistoric site called Nabta Playa. The site was first discovered in 1974 by a group of scientists headed by Fred Wendorf, an Anthropology Professor from Southern Methodist University in Texas. The team had stopped for a break from their uncomfortable drive from the Libyan border to the Nile Valley when, as Wendorf stated, “we were standing there minding our own business, when we noticed potsherds and other artifacts." About 4,800 years ago there was another climatic change. The African monsoons shifted south to approximately the same area that they were prior to 12,000 years ago. The land became hyper-arid again and caused human habitation at Nabta to cease. The cattle worshipping people of Nabta had to migrate to a more livable area.
432:Precession Evidence
Image:Nabta.gif

Do these 6 stones represent the 3 stars of Orion's Belt marking the 25,920 year night sky cycle

The research done by the astrophysicist Thomas G. Brophy suggests that these monoliths might tell much more. The calendar circle itself is made up of one doorway that runs north-south, a second that runs northeast-southwest marking the summer solstice, and six center stones. Brophy's theory proposes first that three of the center stones match the belt of Orion at its minimum tilt and the other three match the shoulder and head stars of Orion at their maximum tilt. This cycle repeats approximately every 25,000 years, following the precession of the equinoxes. The last minimum of Orion's belt occurred between 6400 BC and 4900 BC, matching the radio-carbon dating of campfires around the circle.[5]

Although the area was occupied for more then 5,000 years, the majority of the stone structures and other artifacts originated between 7,000 and 6,500 years ago. It was considered by most to be the height of human occupation at Nabta. approximately 70 miles west of Abu Simbel in the south of Egypt. For the past 5,000 years, the region in the Sahara Desert where the site was found has been uninhabitable. The ceramic artifacts that have been recovered are not extensive in number but are considered by Egyptologists to be some of the oldest ever identified on the African Continent.

To alleviate water shortages and provide more stability for larger settlements the early nomadic Nabtans dug deep water wells. One settlement, which has been excavated from this urbanization period, contains 18 house structures arranged in two, or possibly even three, straight lines in an almost ‘Coronation Street’ style. The Nabtans erected five megalithic alignments all radiating like wheel spokes from a central cluster of stones.

Will "peer-reviewed published" eventually win the day on these archaeoastronomy based hypothesese. ?
  •  I have applied the totally disputed tag to the article, pursuant to above and the ongoing RFC. Hipocrite - «Talk» 04:00, 27 December 2005 (UTC)
  • There is no reason that the article specifically needs to adhere to mainstream archaeology. In fact, forcing it to would represent a distinct POV pushing. It should include whatever content possible that is verifiable, not original research, and presented in a neutral manner. KV(Talk) 20:36, 15 April 2007 (UTC)

wikipedia.org/wiki/
Talk:Nabta_Playa

Unlike earlier archeological finds oriented to the sky the  archeoastrologists don't seem to have to fight the battle against other archeologists. This includes the fascinating Russian find known as Arqaim. At Nabta these claims of Thomas G. Brophy  are hurting for some peer review by fellow archeoastrologists. Still it is time for us to simply accept that it is more likely than not that people who used the night sky the way we use TV would have noticed a pattern shift of 1º every 72 years and move on.

By the 5th millennium BC these peoples had fashioned one of the world's earliest known archeoastronomical device (roughly contemporary to the Goseck circle in Germany), about 1000 years older than but comparable to Stonehenge Research suggests that it may have been a prehistoric calendar which accurately marks the summer solstice.

Another stone megalithic structure exists which consists of a central radial stone and several other stones in the distance. In interpreting this Brophy found that the lines made to these stones from the radial stone match the spots in the sky where the various stars marked by the center stones in the calendar circle at the time they rose as the vernal equinox heliacal rising. In analyzing the varying distances, mulling through assumptions such as that they represented the brightness of the stars, he inadvertently found that they matched the distance of the stars from Earth on a scale of 1 meter = .799 light years within the margin of error for astronomical distances calculated today. But, as long as there is no technique accessible to Neolithic people known, with which they could have measured the distances to stars, this correlation seems to be nothing more than chance coincidence [6].

Sphinx as Oracle
The carved stone oil lamp was invented during this time. Oil lamps existed previously, but this type was the first proper continuously-burning lamp. The sphinx as a Leo symbol invokes the idea of a container with a wick hanging over its side, and a burning plume rising from the wick). Leo is the "fixed fire sign", corresponding to a continuously-burning lamp.
Map of eastern Mediterranean and Greece during 10.000 BCE.

Aquarius and the Great Floods Map of eastern Mediterranean and Greece during 10.000 BCE. We may be heading for another great flood unless humanity can come together as the prophets continue to ask us. Does the Spinx reference the last great flood during the time of Leo?


Edgar Cayce (1877-1945) has been called the sleeping prophet. Cayce had the ability to put himself into a deep trance. This allowed him to diagnose various physical illnesses and reveal a treatment. While in these deep trances, Cayce also spoke of Atlantis, the Sphinx, and Egypt.
He stated in some of his trances that Egypt was the repository for records of the alleged civilization of Atlantis, about 10,500 B.C. This repository was an underground library, called the Hall of Records," that contains the wisdom of Atlantis. Cayce said that during this period this was the first attempt to restore and add to the Sphinx.
Cayce claims that the Sphinx points in the direction of the "Hall of Records." His reading states: "There is a chamber or passage from the right forepaw of the [Sphinx] to this entrance of the Hall of records, or chamber," [more]


Manly Hall states in his book that there are many myths and legends surrounding the Sphinx. The most popular myth was that "…the Sphinx was the true portal [entrance] of the Great Pyramid…(p. XLII)" Mr. Hall quotes from P. Christian’s book Historie de la Magie (Paris, 1876). P. Christian states that "The Great Sphinx of Gizeh served as the entrance to the sacred subterranean chambers [of the Great Pyramid] in which the trials of the initiate were to be undergone …(p. XLII)."


".....among the papers of the late Professor Alberto Tulli, former Director of the Egyptian section of the Vatican Museum. It is a fragment from the Royal Annals of Thuthmosis III (circa 1504-1450 B.C. who preceded the pharoah who added the dream stele to the sphinx) and when translated tells of a UFO sighting and reads as follows:


In the year 22, in the third month of winter, in the sixth hour of the day, the scribes of the House of Life noticed a circle of fire that was coming from the sky [...] From the mouth it emitted a foul breath. It had no head. Its body was one rod long and one rod wide.¹ It had no voice. And from that the hearts of the scribes became confused and they threw themselves down on their bellies [...] then they reported the thing to the Pharaoh [...] His Majesty ordered [...] has been examined [...] and he was meditating on what had happened, that it was recorded in the scrolls of the House of the Life. Now after some days had passed, these things became more and more numerous in the skies. Their splendor exceeded that of the sun and extended to the limits of the four angles of the sky [...] High and wide in the sky was the position from which these fire circles came and went. The army of the Pharaoh looked on with him in their midst. It was after supper. Then these fire circles ascended higher into the sky and they headed toward the south. Fish and birds then fell from the sky. A marvel never before known since the foundation of their land [...] And Pharaoh caused incense to be brought to make peace with Earth² [...] and what happened was ordered to be written in the Annals of the House of Life so that it be remembered for all time forward.

More Sphinx Riddles

We all feel a sense of wonder about the stars where we are told the rules of everyday time and space do not apply. The Egyptians and Mayans may have had priests among their number who could navigate this world as souls. There may not be another date as potent as 21DEC12 in our lifetime to bring focus to ourselves as the consciousness of humanity representing the mind of our solar system in a vast universe, so come on down to the 2012 beach and enjoy the sun and waves. Imagination is more helpful than science while you are here.

Stargate Cipher 2012 @ goroadachi.com
Athens Olympics, Contact, Life On Mars, Holy Grail, Ultra Technology& Mayan Calendar By Goro Adachi, 2004
etheric.com/  Join Dr. Paul A. LaViolette
as he takes you on a tour through the Orion Nebula Sphinx Stargate,
World in Collision theory
2012 @greatdreams.com with an excellent 2012 link list

We put together two star pages one on the brightest stars & astronomy  and another, more fun page which might move you to appreciate how that as reflections of the universe our planet's changing position as we move into Aquarius will put us under the spell of the Unicorn

The Great Sphinx is a statue with the face of a man and the body of a lion. Carved out of the surrounding limestone bedrock, it is 57 metres (185 feet) long, 6 m (20 ft) wide, and has a height of 20 m (65 ft), making it the largest single-stone statue in the world. 

The Great Sphinx has long been commonly accepted by Egyptologists to represent the likeness of King Khafra (also known by the Hellenised version of his name, Chephren) who is often credited as the builder as well. This would place the time of construction somewhere between 2520 BC and 2494 BC. Because the limited evidence giving provenance to Khafra is ambiguous and circumstantial, the idea of who built the Sphinx, and when, continues to be the subject of debate.

The Message of the Sphinx
Using sophisticated computer simulations of ancient skies, pioneering archeoastrologists  Graham Hancock and Robert Bauval showed that the lion is a reference to the constellation of Leo during his zodiac age in the year 10,500 BC. They call this the Egyptian's creation story, the  Zep Tepi or "first time." It was from the 'womb' of Isis-Sirius that was born the divine child, Horus.
A date of 10,500 B.C. is chosen because they maintain this is the only time in the precession of the equinoxes when the astrological age was Leo and when that constellation rose directly east of the Sphinx at the vernal equinox.
Before the 12th millennium BC Sirius was below the horizon line as seen from the region of Cairo/Giza. It made its first appearance in the skies at that place in c.10,500 BC. Then it had a declination of about 58 degrees 43', which meant it would have just been visible in the south about 1.5 degree above the horizon line. For early man to witnessing the 'birth' of such a bright star must have been a very impressive sight rich with meaning and messages from the gods.

---Robert Bauval

Hancock and  Bauval also suggest that in this epoch the angles between the three stars of Orion’s Belt and the horizon was an “exact match” to the angles between the three main Giza pyramids.

The most well-known debate[4] was generated by the works of two writers, Graham Hancock and Robert Bauval, in a series of separate and collaborative publications from the late 1980s onwards. Their claims include that the construction of the Great Sphinx and the monument at Tiwanaku in modern Bolivia was begun in 10,500 BC; that the Sphinx's lion-shape is a definitive reference to the constellation of Leo;

Pointing to the Precession

Herodotus (5th Cent. BC) in his "History" (Book II) recounts the Egyptian astronomer's report of the time span of their observations.

"During this time there were four occasions when the sun rose out of his wonted place - twice rising where he now sets, twice setting where he now rises."

This could well be reference to complete cycles of the 25,920 year precession before the night sky repeats itself. If precession - then we could be talking about an oral history stretching back 39,000 years -

and that the layout and orientation of the Sphinx, the Giza pyramid complex and the Nile River is an accurate reflection or “map” of the constellations of Leo, Orion’s Belt and the Milky Way, respectively.

He showed that the Sphinx facing east or the raising sun is a marker for the spring equinox. Now Leo is the zodiac sign that conforms to a lion’s body. The sun rose in the constellation or house of Leo during the time of the spring equinox 10,500 B.C. This was also at the same time the Orion constellation lined up with the pyramids and other monuments had aligned with various other constellations

Their initial claims regarding the alignment of the Giza pyramids with Orion (“…the three pyramids were an unbelievably precise terrestrial map of theorion three stars of Orion’s belt”— Hancock’s Fingerprints of the Gods, 1995, p.375) are later joined with speculation about the age of the Sphinx (Hancock and Bauval, Keeper of Genesis, published 1997 in the U.S. as The Message of the Sphinx). By 1998’s The Mars Mystery, they contend:

…we have demonstrated with a substantial body of evidence that the pattern of stars that is “frozen” on the ground at Giza in the form of the three pyramids and the Sphinx represents the disposition of the constellations of Orion and Leo as they looked at the moment of sunrise on the spring equinox during the astronomical “Age of Leo” (i.e., the epoch in which the Sun was “housed” by Leo on the spring equinox.) Like all precessional ages this was a 2,160-year period. It is generally calculated to have fallen between the Gregorian calendar dates of 10,970 and 8810 BC. (op. cit., p.189)

A date of 10,500 B.C. is chosen because they maintain

 this is the only time in the precession of the equinoxes when the astrological age was Leo and when that constellation rose directly east of the Sphinx at the vernal equinox.

This time period coincidentally also coincides with the American psychic Edgar Cayce’s “dating” of Atlantis. These and other theories are used to support the overall belief in an advanced and ancient, but now vanished, global progenitor civilization.

 Many of the most prominent early Egyptologists and excavators of the Giza plateau believed the Sphinx and its neighboring temples to pre-date the 4th dynasty. British Egyptologist E. A. Wallis Budge stated in his 1904 book Gods of the Egyptians:

This marvelous object [the Great Sphinx] was in existence in the days of Khafre, or Khephren, and it is probable that it is a very great deal older than his reign and that it dates from the end of the archaic period.

French Egyptologist and Director General of Excavations and Antiquities for the Egyptian government, Gaston Maspero, who surveyed the Sphinx in the 1920s asserts:

The Sphinx stela shows, in line thirteen, the cartouche of Khephren. I believe that to indicate an excavation carried out by that prince, following which, the almost certain proof that the Sphinx was already buried in sand by the time of Khafre and his predecessors.[15]

Notwithstanding this, the Sphinx’ link with Khafra continues to be the view most widely held by Egyptologists although just in 2004 a 20-year study suggested the sphinx was a close relative of Khufu.

  
Hall of Records
Tunnels & Chambers Under the Great Sphinx
In his Natural History, Pliny wrote:

In front of them [i.e. The Giza Pyramids] is the Sphinx, which deserves to be described even more than they, and yet the Egyptians have passed it over in silence. The inhabitants of the region regard it as a deity. They are of the opinion that a King Harmais is buried inside it... [Book 36 XVII]

AWAKENING THE PHARAOH: How to Avoid World Cataclysm in 2012But it was Edgar Cayce, the "sleeping prophet," who popularized the idea of a secret chamber associated with the Sphinx. According to Cayce, there is a "Hall of Records" with an entrance to be found between the paws of the Sphinx. In answer to the request, "Give in detail what the sealed room contains," Cayce answered:

A record of Atlantis from the beginning of those periods when the Spirit took form, or began the encasements in that land; and the developments of the peoples throughout their sojourn; together with the record of the first destruction, and the changes that took place in the land; with the record of the sojournings of the peoples and their varied activities in other lands, and a record of the meetings of all the nations or lands, for the activities in the destruction of Atlantis; and the building of the pyramid of initiation, together with whom, what, and where the opening of the records would come, that are as copies from the sunken Atlantis. For with the change, it [Atlantis] must rise again. In position, this lies -- as the sun rises from the waters -- as the line of the shadows (or light) falls between the paws of the Sphinx; that was set later as the sentinel or guard and which may not be entered from the connecting chambers from the Sphinx's right paw until the time has been fulfilled when the changes must be active in this sphere of man's experience. Then [it lies] between the Sphinx and the river. [378-16; Oct 29, 1933]

"Egyptian civilization was not a development, it was a legacy"


"We are told that the evolution of human civilization is a linear process-that it goes from stupid cave man to smart old us with our hydrogen bombs and striped toothpaste. But the proof is the Sphinx…means that there must have been, … high and sophisticated civilization-just as legends affirms (Graham Hancock The Message of the Sphinxp. 358)


"Sacred Cow makes the best hamburger."

---John Anthony West @ jawest.net/

In a series of expeditions between 1991 and 1993 led by John Anthony West, an independent Egyptologist, scientific investigators conducted geological and seismic surveys around the Great Sphinx of Egypt along with other researchers.

The team's conclusion: The pattern of erosion on the Sphinx indicates that it was carved at the end of the last Ice Age, when heavy rains fell on the eastern Sahara - perhaps more than 12,000 years ago.

This contrasts starkly with the 'orthodox' Egyptological dating for the Sphinx of around 4,500 years ago.

Seismography: The seismic survery indicated the existence of several unexplored tunnels and cavities in the bedrock beneath the Sphinx, including a large rectangluar chamber at a depth of some 25 feet beneath the monument's front paws.

This film linked the Sphinx to Atlantis and suggested that the chamber beneath the paws might contain the legendary 'Hall of Records' of Atlantis.


 
Electromagnetic Waseda Report

Tokyo: Waseda University, 1987

  • A. South of the Sphinx. The Japanese indicated the existence of a hollow 2.5 m. to 3 m. underground. And, they found indications of a groove on the Sphinx body that extends beneath the Sphinx.
  • B. North of the Sphinx. The Japanese found another groove similar to the southern one which may indicate that maybe there is a tunnel underneath the Sphinx connecting the south and north grooves.
  • C. In front of the two paws of the Sphinx. The Japanese found another hollow space about 1 m. to 2 m. below surface. Again, they believe that it might extend underneath the Sphinx.
It appears that there may indeed be undiscovered chambers and/or passageways in the area of the Sphinx. Though the Giza Plateau has been well-excavated, new discoveries are made there each year. ---Catchpenny Mysteries © copyright 2000 by Larry Orcutt.
The chamber beneath the Sphinx by catchpenny.org || Waseda Report || Known Sphinx Passages || Zahi Hawass' 1997 NOVA interview. || The Rosicrucian View


Erosion Dating
 Egypt experienced periods of heavy rainfall in the millennia that marked the post-glacial northward shift of the temperate zone. This period lasted from about 10,000 to 5000 BCE and by its end the Sahara had turned from green savanna into a desert.  Orthodox archaeologists refused even to consider West's hypothesis. But in 1990 West persuaded Robert M. Schoch, a geologist at Boston University, to examine the question. Curious, Schoch agreed and the two visited Giza in June 1990.
There are no other stone monuments nearby or in Egypt with a similar erosion which show the rounded and undulating weathering pattern
If erosion by water is your choice, it has to be rainwater over a long period.  
By the time of Khafre, rainfall in Egypt was very similar to its current level, and could not possibly account for the deep erosion on the surface of the Sphinx.
Dr Schoch made his ideas accessible to the world of Egyptology in an article in the summer 1992 issue of the American magazine KMT which takes its title from one of the ancient Egyptian names for Egypt, Kemet, with inserted vowels, meaning the 'Black Land' - the fertile soil watered by the Nile
Egypt's last time period where there was a significant amount of rainfall ended during the 3rd millennium BC. Shoch claims that the amount of water erosion they feel that the Sphinx has experienced indicates a construction date no later than the 6th millennium BC or 5th millennium BC.
New pollution variables in the last century is used by the debunkers to dismiss this evidence

On a second trip to Giza in April 1991, West and Schoch brought Thomas Dobecki, a geophysicist from Houston, Texas, to carry out a seismic survey of the enclosure foundations to determine whether the underlying rock showed evidence of precipitation damage. The degree of subsurface weathering could be measured by bouncing sound waves off of deeper layers of rock. With the permission of the Egyptian Antiquities Organization, the team carried out sound-wave tests through the floor of the enclosure.

Schoch and Dobecki discovered that the enclosure floor in front and alongside of the Sphinx had weathered to a depth of six to eight feet. They also discovered that the back of the enclosure had weathered only half as far. Schoch agreed that the floor behind the Sphinx had been excavated during the Old Kingdom but he concluded that the sides and front of the monument were twice as old. Assuming a linear rate of weathering, Schoch estimated the date of the Sphinx and most of the enclosure to between 5000 and 7000 BCE, far earlier than the date of 2500 assumed by archaeology. Schoch noted that weathering could have been non-linear, slowing as it got deeper because of the increasing mass of rock overhead. On this assumption, the Sphinx could have been significantly older than 7000 BCE.

Egyptologists dated the Sphinx to Khafra from several kinds of evidence. A stela from the New Kingdom reign of Thutmose IV (1401-1391 BCE) stands in front of the monument, and an inscription that has since flaked off contained the first syllable of Khafra's name. Statues of Khafra found in his Valley Temple also seemed to associate the complex with Khafra, and the Sphinx head was assumed to be his as well. Finally, the causeway from Khafra's pyramid was built into the Khafra Valley Temple.

To the problem of archaeological context for an earlier Sphinx, Schoch replied that urban centers had existed in the eastern Mediterranean at Catal Huyuk from the seventh millennium and at Jericho from the ninth millennium BCE. At Jericho there were large stone walls and a thirty foot tower. No such settlement had been found in Egypt itself but clearly there needs to be a better concept accepted of human knowledge before the Bible dating of 4000 BC.

THE GREAT SPHINX CONTROVERSY

by Dr. Robert M. Schoch © 1995

"The dating of the Great Sphinx seems to be a very touchy subject for most modern Egyptologists.  Despite the fact that some of the early founders of modern Egyptology (such as Sir Flinders Petrie, Sir E. A. Wallis Budge, and Sir G. C. Maspero) were open to the notion that the Sphinx may be older than the Fourth Dynasty pyramids that it seems to guard, and ancients from New Kingdom Egyptians to Romans (circa 1400 B.C. to 400 A.D.) generally thought that the Sphinx was older than the pyramids, modern Egyptologists have galvanized around the dogma that the Great Sphinx was built by Khafre, circa 2500 B.C"...

They "know" when the Sphinx was built, and no evidence can overthrow their long‑cherished beliefs.  Since they cannot refute the evidence, it is dismissed as not relevant. The main tactic used to counter my heresy was to try to dismiss me as a quack and non‑ person

A large part of the problem seemed to be that I was an "outsider" (my Ph.D. is in geology and geophysics from Yale), and off the record I was even told by an Egyptologist that there were plenty of rocks for me to study other than those on the Giza Plateau where the Sphinx stands.     [more @ robertschoch.net]

REBUTTAL


 
Giza before the Fourth Dynasty
Geologist Colin Reader believes that a dating earlier than the 4th dynasty but still firmly within the dynastic period is the best solution to reconciling the geological and archaeological evidence.
 
"After over five years of research, it is my conviction that the geological evidence is not consistent with the attribution of the monument to Khafre or, for that matter, to any other pharaoh of the 4th Dynasty."
Last Word
"In order to uncover some of the mysteries that are shrouded in our look beyond our Earth year to a much longer cycle of our planet."
 
The Platonic Year. Secrets of the Sphinx © Andrew Raymond Chapter 2


 Tuthmosis IV Dream Stele located between Sphinx's Paws

Immediately in front of the Sphinx lie the ruins of a small temple. Its principal feature was a colonnaded court paved with alabaster. It dates from the same period as Great Sphinx statue. Built on a ground plan measuring 147 feet in each direction and rising to a height of 43 feet. Two doorways pierced the east wall, around each doorway was carved a band of hieroglyphic inscription giving the name and title of the King, but only the last words "beloved of (the Goddess) Bastet and beloved of (the Goddess) Hathor are preserved, no other inscriptions or relieves occur anywhere else in the building.

The Pharaoh Tuthmosis IV, ruled during Egypt famous 18th Dynasty, and created the largest obelisk ever made which is now on display at the Vatican in Rome [more]

"Now the statue of the very great Khepri (the Great Sphix) restin in this place, great of fame, sacred of respect, the shade of Ra resting on him. Memphis and every city on its two sides came to him, their arms in adoration to his face, bearing great offerings for his ka. One of these days it happened that price Tuthmosis came traveling at the time of midday. He rested in the shadow of the great god. (Sleep and) dream (took possession of me) at the moment the sun was at zenith. Then he found the majesty of this noble god speaking from his own mouth like a father speaks to his son, and saying, 'Look at me, observe me, my son Tuthmosis. I am your father, Horemakhet-Khepri-Ra-Atum. I shall give to you the kingship (upon the land before the living)... (Behold, my condition is like one in illness), all (my limbs being ruined). The sand of the desert, upon which I used to be, (now) confronts me; and it is in order to cause that you do what is in my heart that I have waited."

Hamlet's Mill

An Essay on Myth and
the Frame of Time (1969)

Commentary by John Major Jenkins

"Archaeologists of myth" is a strange statement, but what discipline does this study belong to? It certainly isn't astronomy, because astronomy's technicians have nothing to do with ancient myth. Is it ethnology, mythology, or science?

Much of humanity's oldest myths were derived from celestial observations.

The burgeoning field of archaeoastronomy perhaps gets closest to the mark. Since the 1970s, two different academic journals have been devoted to elucidating and exploring the topic of archaeoastronomy. Norman Lockyear pioneered this field in the late 1800s with the publication of The Dawn of Astronomy in 1894. The next real advance in this field came with the Stonehenge studies of Gerald S. Hawkins in the 1960s. As a result of Hawkins' new "astro-archaeology" picking up where Lockyear left off, and a growing academic interest in what the field had to offer, Giorgio Santillana saw fit to arrange the reprinting of Lockyear's The Dawn of Astronomy in 1964, for the occasion of its 70th anniversary. Much of humanity's oldest myths were derived from celestial observations. This is probably the most important contribution that Hamlet's Mill offers, one that has been suppressed and scoffed at for much of this century. In addition to its ancillary use in archaeoastronomy, this concept is being reclaimed as a guiding principle for those who study Maya mythology. The Maya, the most mathematically and calendrically advanced culture of the ancient New World, also preserved complex myths which are now being interpreted as referential to astronomical features and processes.

Conclusion
The image “http://www.timstouse.com/images/EarthHistory/Egyptgods/Nut.jpg” cannot be displayed, because it contains errors.
Since humanity was born in Africa, and Egypt is the planet's oldest civilization it is not too much to ask that academics acknowledge the likelihood of African and particularly Ethiopian influences within Egyptian cosmology. 

The sphinx like pyramids  are shared dream images of the collective unconscious known as archetypes. Archetypes are the language of dreams which communicate collective as well as individual knowledge. Today we are searching for new collective dreams which have the power to unite humanity and prevent evil from destroying the planet as we know it.

A tall order began with many steps. For starters we need to begin our history earlier than most learn; about 6,000 years ago with the Christian stories of Adam and Eve as well as Noah's Arc. Humanity’s tradition of passing on history is much older than too many have learned and begins with the stars.  Before TV-- before temples,  the most everyday object of fascination would be the night sky. It is not hard to accept that the night sky which allowed the best and brightest to navigate across great distances of land and water would be perceived to shift 1º every 72 years. Indeed our current system of time and global measurement using longitude and latitude has no progenitor explained by historians. Knowledge of the precession is a once and future central organizing principle of humanity.

Among the greatest contributions the Egyptians can make to us today and which continues to inform the mythically attuned sciences is that we are citizens of the universe or as the Egyptian's put it; children of the sky goddess Nut.

During the eighteenth dynasty, it was called "Horus of the Horizon" and "Horus of the Necropolis", the sun god that stands above the horizon.
Carved out of a natural limestone outcrop, the Sphinx is 19.8 metres (65 feet) high and 73.2 metres (240 feet) long. It is located a short distance from the Great Pyramid.

PROVERBS FROM TEMPLES
The kingdom of heaven is within you; and whosoever shall know himself shall find it.

This time period coincidentally also coincides with the American psychic Edgar Cayce’s “dating” of Atlantis. These and other theories are used to support the overall belief in an advanced and ancient, but now vanished, global progenitor civilization.
[more]
Purushamriga or Indian sphinx depicted on the Shri Varadaraja Perumal temple in Tribhuvana, India
In South India the "sphinx" is known as purushamriga (Sanskrit) or purushamirukam (Tamil). This means human-beast. It is found depicted in sculptural art in temples and palaces where it serves an apotropaic purpose, just like the "sphinxes" in other parts of the ancient world. It is said by the tradition to take away the sins of the devotees when they enter a temple and to ward off evil in general. It is therefore often found in a strategic position on the gopuram or temple gateway, or near the entrance of the sanctum sanctorum.
Celestial Year = 25,920 years.
72 years (and 7 + 2 = 9), 2160 years (and 2 +1 +6 +0 = 9), and 25,920 years (and 2 + 5 + 9 + 2 + 0 = 18, and 1 +8 = 9).  And 25,920 divided by the divine Sumerian number 60 is 432 (and 4  + 3 + 2 = 9).
King Tut

http://www.site-ology.com/egypt/KING_115.GIF

In 1922, Howard Carter, an English archeologist, “discovered” the tomb of this young king who had ruled Egypt about 3300 years ago, from 1336 to 1327 B.C.
Today this lesser boy ruler, known for riches never purloined by grave robbers is the focus of race relations between a Euro centric view and multicultural view which holds that world history needs to acknowledge a prominent role of Africa in what was the longest living and most influential culture of the last three great years of the precession. [more]
Facial Analysis
Detective Frank Domingo, senior forensics artist with the New York City Police Department used on facial photographs are not unlike methods orthodontists and surgeons use to study facial disfigurements. From the right lateral tracing of the statue's worn profile a pattern of bimaxillary prognathism is clearly detectable.
 This is an anatomical condition of forward development in both jaws, more frequently found in people of African ancestry than in those from Asian or Indo-European stock. The carving of Chephren in the Cairo Museum has the facial proportions expected of a proto-European.

Thus, the Sphinx is likely a facial representation of a black African. Considering that the peopling of ancient Egypt derived from an ancestral mixture of Africans and Mediterraneans, facial soft-tissue analysis of this fabled man-lion would support a much earlier origin for the Sphinx, when Africans may have dominated the region.  ---SHELDON PECK Newton, Mass., July 3, 1992  In a letter to the NY Times. The writer is an orthodontist.
more from Dr. robertschoch.net
Academic Movement
The Sphinx for many years was held by academics to resemble Khafre, the pharaoh who built one of the nearby pyramids of Giza. and 12,000 ago when the last ice age ended. However this is no longer appears to be the case.

In 2004, French Egyptologist Vassil Dobrev announced the results of a 20-year reexamination of historical records and uncovering of new evidence that suggest the Great Sphinx may have been the work of the little known Pharaoh Djedefre, Khafra's half brother and a son of Khufu (Cheops), the builder of the Great Pyramid of Giza. Dobrev suggests it was built by Djedefre in the image of his father Khufu, identifying him with the sun god Ra in order to restore respect for their dynasty.

Restoration
In the 1980's, a carefully planned restoration of the Sphinx was in progress. Over 6 years, more than 2,000 limestone blocks were added to the body of the sphinx and chemicals were injected. This treatment did not work. It just flaked away along with parts of the original rock. Later, various mortars and many workers who were not trained in restoration worked for six months to repair it. In 1988 the left shoulder crumbled and blocks fell off. Present attempts at restoration are under the control of the Supreme Council of Antiquities' archaeologists. They are concentrating on draining away subsoil seepage which is damaging the rock. They are also repairing the damaged shoulder with smaller blocks and staying with the original size.
The sand has been its savior, since, being built of soft sandstone, it would have disappeared long ago had it not been buried for much of its existence. Nevertheless, the statue is crumbling today because of the wind, humidity and the smog from Cairo
Fast Facts
The word "sphinx", which means 'strangler', was first given by the Greeks to a fabulous creature which had the head of a woman, the body of a lion and the wings of a bird. In Egypt, there are  numerous sphinxes, usually with the head of a king wearing his headdress and the body of a lion.  There are, however, sphinxes with ram heads that are associated with the god Amun.

Pieces of the Sphinx's massive beard found by excavation adorn the British Museum in London and the Cairo Museum. The human head is on a scale of about 30:1, while the lion body is on the smaller scale of 22:1. There are three passages into or under the Sphinx, two of them of obscure origin. The one of known cause is a short dead-end shaft behind the head drilled in the nineteenth century. No other tunnels or chambers in or under the Sphinx are known to exist.

"Ethiopia produces Lynxes in great numbers, and Sphinxes with brown hair and a pair of udders on the breast, and many other monstrosities."
--- Pliny the Elder, Natural History 8. 72 (trans. Rackham) (Roman encyclopedia C1st A.D.)
Prehistory in Egypt
Neolithic, from 10th millennium BC

Shipping and Agriculture, from 8th millennium BC

Copper Age and large-scale Stone Construction, from 6th millennium BC

Plato's The Republic, Boox IX reads:
"Let us make an image of the soul, that may have his own words presented before his eyes.
Of what sort?
An ideal image of the soul, like the composite creations of ancient mythology, such as the Chimera or Scylla or Cerberus, and there are many others in which two or more different natures are said to grow into one.
There are said of have been such unions.
Then do you now model the form of a multitudinous, many-headed monster, having a ring of heads of all manner of beasts, tame and wild, which he is able to generate and metamorphose at will.
You suppose marvellous powers in the artist; but, as language is more pliable than wax or any similar substance, let there be such a model as you propose.
Suppose now that you make a second form as of a lion, and a third of a man, the second smaller than the first, and the third smaller than the second.
That, he said, is an easier task; and I have made them as you say.
And now join them, and let the three grow into one.
That has been accomplished.
Next fashion the outside of them into a single image, as of a man, so that he who is not able to look within, and sees only the outer hull, may believe the beast to be a single human creature. I have done so, he said.
And now, to him who maintains that it is profitable for the human creature to be unjust, and unprofitable to be just, let us reply that, if he be right, it is profitable for this creature to feast the multitudinous monster and strengthen the lion and the lion-like qualities, but to starve and weaken the man, who is consequently liable to be dragged about at the mercy of either of the other two; and he is not to attempt to familiarize or harmonize them with one another-- he ought rather to suffer them to fight and bite and devour one another."
Plato's ability to combine science and mysticism is without peer. Only C.J. Jung approaches in the ability to perceive the how layers shrouded in the mists beyond science affect the day to day

Herodotus referred to Bastet as Mistress of the Oracle. Robert Graves, in his book, The White Goddess, describes an oracular cave shrine in Ireland in which, before the coming of St. Patrick, a slender black cat reclined on a silver chair and gave vituperative answers to people who tried to deceive it. [more]

 

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