Before moving into Advent, the Church calendar ends in December with the Immaculate Conception of Mary.
Fiestas Patronales de la Virgen del Castillo
Among the celebrations in the Virgin's honour are a procession of her image from the shrine of the castle and special Mass.
The origin of Christmas and other celebrations commemorating the birth of Christ on the 25th of December was chosen for ideological reasons, with the purpose being to combat the winter solistice pagan sun festival held on the same day or on solistice itself (December 21st). The Roman Saturnalia, the great year-end Carnaval, was also held at this time. The earliest recorded festivals of this nature come to us from Egypt.
December 24-25. Lesaca, Navarra.
Among the most unusual Christmas celebrations is that of the "Olentzero," wherein the story of a charcoal burner who comes down from the mountains to the town to tell the good news is depicted. The character of the "Olentzero" or "Olentzaro," to be found in various places in Navarra and Guipuzcoa, has been preserved in Lesaca especially, where he is carried shoulder-high by many different groups on Christmas Eve.
Cant de Sa Sibilla/Hymn to St Sibyl
December-January. Barcelona, Catalunya.
Nativity plays are very widespread in Spain, especially in Catalonia, where they are called "pessebres" (crib-performances) or "pastorests" (shepherd plays) and acted out by the local townspeople. One of the better-known "pessebres" takes place in Corbera de Llobregat (Barcelona).
Three Kings Festival
Fiestas de San Antonio Abad
Tamborrada de San Sebastian/The San Sebastian Drum Festival.
January. San Sebastian, Basque Country.
A march to the deafening sounds of drums, as groups of drummers parade through the city on the night of the first day of the year. The next morning, the "Tamborrada Infantil" (Child Drummer's Ceremony) is celebrated. That night, they celebrate the patron Saint of the city.
La Candelaria Candlemas Festival Madrid Spain spanishpropertyworld.com/la_candelaria_
Carnaval de Cádiz, Cádiz more
Carnival Santa Cruz de Tenerife more
REGGUS. Festival de Reggae, Ska y Otras Hierbas
La Palma de la ciutat de Reus (Tarragona).
NAVARRA INTERNATIONAL DOCUMENTARY FILM FESTIVAL (Pamplona) http://www.cfnavarra.es/puntodevista/
Wedding of Isabel de Segura, Teruel bodasdeisabel.com/i_e/index.htm
Festival de Jerez, Jerez de la Frontera
Fira i Festes de la Magdalena, Castellón de la Plana
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