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Famous Blocos
Zone Sul Street Parades
Bandas on stages
Link List
Av. Rio Branco
Yemanja ceremony
Marchinha wiki
Samba vs. Marchinhas
Street Carnaval History
Next Page
Street Carnaval Map
Bloco de Lama Paraty's Mud Tribe
The Gringo Bloco experience and  a survey on the State of the Streets during the 2005  Rio Carnaval.
New World traditions
Rio Sambodromo (low K)
Brazil Carnaval News |2007 |2006
Unlike most traditional
blocos, which play pure samba, Monobloco has become extremely popular among younger people because of its 'fresh' sound, playing a mix of various rhythms such as coco, ciranda, marcha, xote, samba-charme, and particularly samba-rock and funk.
It continues to grow in popularity each year, and can be seen as a symbol of the resurging popularity in Carnaval blocos in Rio de Janeiro.
NOT translated
Banda de Ipanema
Bloco das Carmelitas
Cordão do Bola Preta
Boêmios de Irajá
Cacique de Ramos
Escravos da Mauá
Simpatia É Quase Amor
Suvaco do Cristo
Samba is characterized by a syncopated 2/4 rhythm with a muted beat and a main beat, usually played by a surdo (bass drum) or tan-tan.

Samba's roots come from Africa, mainly Angola, where the dance semba was a predecessor of samba, and as importantly from Portugal and Europe, which made it possible for the relatively intricate harmonies found in samba to be developed out of European tradition.

Samba first appeared as a distinctive kind of music at the beginning of the 20th century in Rio de Janeiro (then the capital of Brazil) under the strong influence of immigrant black people from the Brazilian state of Bahia.[1

In the early 1980s, after having been eclipsed by the popularity of disco and Brazilian rock, Samba reappeared in the media with a musical movement created in the suburbs of Rio de Janeiro. It was the pagode, a renewed samba, with new instruments – like the Banjo (samba) and the tan-tan – and a new language that reflected the way that many people actually spoke with the inclusion of heavy gíria (slang).

A samba-enredo is a song performed by a samba school in Rio de Janeiro during its yearly Carnival parade. The term also refers to particular style of samba music typical of such songs. Samba-enredo is well known internationally due to Rio de Janeiro's longstanding status as a major tourist destination during Carnival and to the fact that many percussion groups have formed around the world inspired by this type of samba.

The march of carnival, also known as "marchinha," is a genre of popular music that was on the Brazilian carnival of the years 20 to the 60 of the twentieth century, when it began to be replaced by samba plot.

Descended directly from popular marches they are like military marches, though with faster, simple melodies and lively, spicy and letters full of double meanings. Marcha Portuguese were great success in Brazil until 1920, highlighting Vassourinha up, in 1912, in Baratinha in 1917. The last major of marchinha composer was John Roberto Kelly.

_Sins Listed in the same order used by both Pope Gregory the Great (c. 540 – 604)in the 6th Century AD, and later by Dante Alighieri in his epic poem The Divine Comedy. While 40 days of Lent which define the end of Carnaval was instituted soon after the first Council of Nicea it was not till  Emperor Theodosius I convened the Second Ecumenical Council in 381 A.D.,  in that these sins of temptation entered the record by
Evagrius Ponticus (345-399 A.D.) as the eight temptations. In the seventeenth century, the Church replaced the vague sin of "sadness" with sloth. Gregory the Great is also credited with creating Ash Wednesday
Carnival of Venice



The pre-Christian history of Carnaval has been given significant attention at this web site and we suggest you begin  here


The Rio de Janeiro Street Carnaval

Silly hats are fun!

16 Marchinhas  Bandas on stages

From Carnaval Saturday to Shrove Tuesday, open-air dances take place throughout the city.
For 2008 the Mayor of Rio, through Riotur, grew from 14 to 16 the number of bands that will play on the streets of Rio. An audition among 34 bands took place during 3 days in November at auditorium of the Sambódromo.  "In recognition of the importance of this tradition in our carnival, we have increased the number of dance bands  in the city. The bands are vital to the street carnival, for the carnival in Rio. Tourists are also fond of them because  it is a tradition of our people . These dances are still playing the marchinhas of the carnival, which are part of our culture, "said the Secretário Especial de Turismo, , Rubem Medina.
The chosen bands in 2008 are
  1. Banda Talismã,
  2. Banda Sambakê
  3. Banda Arlequis do Rio
  4. Banda New Beton
  5. Banda Sol de Verão Band
  6. Banda Karibe
  7. Banda Rio
  8. Banda Confraria do Caroço
  9. Banda Flor de Liz
  10. Banda Encanto na Folia
  11. Banda Egon
  12. Banda Atmosfera
  13. Banda Lua Nova
  14. Banda do Arrocho
  15. Banda Os Elegantes
  16. Banda Mar Del Plata

Riotur holds a bandstand competition with awards based upon  creativity, colors, lightening and enthusiasm.


Remember to bring your party bunda out onto the streets

Brazilian people and tourists from all over the world transform themselves into "foliões" or Carnival revellers during the 5 days of Carnaval and increasingly, the months before and the week after.
It's all in the bounce. The key to samba dancing is a springing step most of us haven't done since we walked home from grade school. For an adult, it's a subversively random act of fun, an impulse to rise on one's toes above the regimented and soulless—and it symbolizes the spirit of play that animates Brazilian life.
Joe Robinson for
Cordao da Bola Preta
  • Friday one week after Carnival, at 5 p.m.
  • Carnival Saturday at 10 a.m.
Bloco Cacique de Ramos is another traditional  Bloco parading downtown.
Barbas and Bloco de Segunda in Botafogo
Bloco do Bip Bip and Banda Santa Clara in Copacabana
Bloco Meu Bem Volto Já in Leme
Other popular Ipanema Blocos are  Simpatia é quase amor.
Founded in 1985  with Concentration at Praca General Osorio in Ipanema, and then parading along the beach all the way to the border of Leblon 2x ---Saturday two weeks before Carnival & --- Carnival Sunday
and Banda da Carmen Miranda,
Cacique de Ramos,
Bafor da Onça
bloco ["blo-cush" ] and banda ["bun-dush" ]

everyone is welcome, and you don't need a costume, just comfortable clothes and shoes.

Different Music
  •  Filhos de Gandhi (afoxe),
  • Rio Maracatu (maracatu),
  •  AfroReggae (samba-reggae)

AfroReggae is the group that was featured in the Oscar-nominated American documentary "Favela Rising" and also in a Brazilian documentary "Nenhum Motivo Explica A Guerra" (No Reason Can Justify War -

People love the bloco parades because it  brings the Carnaval
back to the street, free,
to the people.
People first gather at some well known spot, such as a square or neighborhood bar. After a couple or more hours of concentration, the band starts marching its way down the streets.

Street Carnaval History


Playing pranks on each other

The early Rio Street Carnival is said to have began in the 18th century with the entrudo, a prank brought over by the Portuguese from the Azores, whereby people threw flour, water, and limão de cheiro missiles at each other. Even rotten eggs and vegetables were thrown at the passers by.
Meanwhile the aristocrats were conducting grand Carnaval Balls modeled on those much admired in Paris, France.
As today there were masked people, indulging in the 7 deadly sins overeating and drinking. It was only when the beauty of the "ranchos" and "sociedades" (carnival groups) were introduced to the carnival that the downfall of the "entrudo" started,




The Rio Blocos, after slowly growing for many years, have emerged as both a great spectator attraction and opportunity to become part of the Carnaval on the streets of Rio de Janeiro.

In fact as the City tries to focus on ORDER there is a growing call for more permitting and restrictions from the affected neighborhood residents. However the bull is loose and spectacular growth continues to accelerate and the 2010 2nd year registration records nearly 500 parades.
2010 Banda Map & Schedule

If you are in the Zona Sul hotel beach zone you are at ground zero and can find your moving street party by listening for the percussion.

Bloco Bola Preta now draws a street crowd of 200,000! Simpatia e Quase Amor is now drawing 100,000. Monobloco's parade closing out the Carnaval season the Sunday after Shrove Tuesday at noon in front of Leblon beach may set record crowds in 2007.

Since 2004, the blocos have exploded with well over 500 blocos. Jist for the 2010 Carnival season over  40 new ones appeared.  The boom in blocos began with the growth in the internet as we closed out the last millennium and is part of Rio de Janeiro's determination to be a leading capital of global culture as we move forward into the new age. But where will it end as the call for ORDER or ORDEN from citizens of Rio Sul and the City itself grows.


Avenida Rio Branco, in the center of downtown Rio, exclusively for the parades of big organized Blocos. These are street carnival groups, celebrating carnival in a much more informal way than the big samba schools. You can participate along with everyone else, instead of sitting on concrete stands watching an organized parade.
Since 2004, the blocos have exploded and now there are now nearly 300 blocos with over 40 new ones appearing for the 2007 Carnaval.  The first blocos started only a little over ten years ago.
This is the heart of the "
Street Carnival” which includes the greater likelihood of locals playing percussion instruments with their friends at their favorite hangout as well as  the Bandstands and the many Parades of downtown's Rio Branco Avenue. These events are inclusive and practice for the musicians begins months before the Carnaval and the parades do not end until Sunday of the following weekend.

The Rio de Janeiro street carnival begins in November. The street carnival are structured in groups named: bloco, cordon, band or rancho but they are really about simple fun with others. If you wander in the zona sul districts of Gávea, Ipanema, Leblon, Copacabana and Botafogo during the Carnaval you will often find them hanging out prior to parading. This is known as the period of Concentration.

Most bands also have official T-shirts for sale on the spot for about US$10, to help with the costs. They make great souvenirs, as they are sold only on Rio Carnival days.

famous Carnival bands

Banda de Ipanema goes out on three separate days in Ipanema, followed by a huge crowd with lots of gay revelers. The open the Carnaval season drawing 30,000 paraders to Ipanema beach 2reversal_phenoms.jpg Saturdays before Carnival Saturday. Plus Carnival Saturday and Carnival Tuesday
City District: IPANEMA
Parade: both Saturdays before Carnival and Shrove Carnival 17:00
Route: Praça General Osório, Ipanema Beach, Leblon

Carmelitas Parades in the hills of Santa Teresa as nuns.Historical parade, tells the legend of a reclusive nun that couldn't resist the parade and escaped from the convent, just returning at Carnaval Tuesday. The Tuesday route is the opposite of Friday.
Carmelitas Parade. since 1991.

At the 2006 Carnaval, a team of thieves robbed $50 million dollars' worth of Picasso, Matisse, Monet and Dali worth of impressionist art from the  Chacara da Ceu museum in Santa Teresa during the Carmelitas parade. The crowds provided protection from police responding to the alarm.
 Concentration at Rua Dias de Barros and Ladeira de Santa Teresa. Carnival Friday at 6 p.m. and Carnival Tuesday at 5 p.m
City District: SANTA TERESA
Parade: Friday before Carnival 18:00 and Tuesday after Carnival 17:00
Meeting place: on the corner of Dias de Barros and Ladeira de Santa Teresa
Route: Dias de Barros, Alte. Alexandrino and Largo do Guimarães

Cordão do Bola Preta Founded in 1918, Cordao da EstandarteBola Preta (Carnaval Group of the Black Ball or Bloco Bola Preta) the band parades twice, and the club has gafieira nights throughout the year, plus Carnival Balls. Everybody knows the anthem "Quem nao chora nao mama, segura, meu bem, a chupeta. Lugar quente e na cama, ou entao, na Bola Preta."
Wear black & white
Concentration at Praca Maua (Candelaria) follows  Araújo Porto Alegre until the Pres. Antonio Carlos, return for the R. of the Assembly and capsizes in the Av. Rio Branco, returning to Cinelandia.

City District: DOWNTOWN - (Cinelândia)
Parade: Carnival Saturday 16:00
Meeting place: Rua Sacadura Crabral, 373
Route: Rua Araújo Porto Alegre, Rua México, Praça Melvin Jones, Av. Nilo Peçanha and Largo da Carioca

Suvaco do Cristo parades in the Botanic Garden District, right below Christ-the Redeemer statue's arm. The name in English translates to "Christ's armpit", and was chosen for that very reason. Concentration at corner of Rua Faro and Rua Jardim Botanico.
Suvaco do Cristo was created in 1985, on the beach, by a group of friends who wanted to go out on the street and have a good time in Carnival. The bloco has its own samba-enredo every year, a flag, a drum section, a mestre-sala and porta-bandeira (flag bearer) and a group of baianas - women dressed in traditional Bahia attire, just like in samba school parades. The bloco's signature colors are green, blue and silver.

Parade: Sunday before Carnival 13:00
Meeting: from noon onwards at Bar Jóia (on the corner of Rua Jardim Botânico and Rua Faro) (Rua Jardim Botânico 594, phone 55-21-2539-5613)
Route: Rua Jardim Botânico, Praça Santos Dummont, in front of the Jockey Club

You can count on a big party, also at Teatro Odisséia, to close Carnival  Tuesday evening

Simpatia é Quase Amor ("Friendliness is Almost Love"), parades in Hotel zone or South Side, and is one of the larger and friendlier gatherings of revelers
Parade: Carnival Sunday and usually on a Saturday before Carnival.
Meeting: starts at Praça General Osório and follows the Ipanema shoreline all the way to Leblon.
Created in Ipanema in 1985, the bloco is named for Esmeraldo Simpatia-é-Quase-Amor, a character in the book Rua dos Artistas e Transversais by Aldir Blanc - with short stories about the bohemian Vila Isabel district in Rio's North Side.

Post carnival

DownloadMonobloco Monobloco's parade has achieved the enviable title of closing out

the Carnaval season the Sunday after Shrove Tuesday at noon in Copacabana along Avenida Atlantica

In 2009 over 400,000 people joined this bloco pulled by a 200-plus-member band. Some police estimates hovered around 500,000. Remember the bloco goes out early on the Sunday after Carnival and is over before noon.
Founded in 2003,
Monobloco  began parading on the beach of LEBLON, meeting at 12 noon at the end of the beach on the Sunday after Carnaval. The percussion band alone has over 120 musicians.Their workshops are based on samba, but many other rhythms are covered, such as coco, congo, xote, and quadrilha (Brazilian square dancing).
Rehearsals at Fundicao Progresso in Lapa are very popular.
City District: COPACABANA
Parade: Sunday after Carnival 9:00 am
Route: along Av. Atlantica  (aka Banga, pronounced BAHN-ga) started out as a Rio de Janeiro Carnival bloco in 1998. The name "bangalafumenga" is an old slang for a "nobody". The term also referred to the houses in early 20th-century Rio de Janeiro where batucadas, or samba get-togethers, were held. At the time, samba was considered a low kind of music and black sambistas were often abused by the police.
The bloco has about 70 performers and a strong association with  Fundicao Progresso in Lapa
A good place to follow the Banga
schedule is Agenda do Samba e Choro.

Yemanja ceremony
Afoxe Filhos de Gandi   Carnaval Sunday
'Afoxe Filhos de Gandi' - this is not a bloco but a religious ceremony in honor of Yemanja, goddess of the sea - Parade starts in Copacabana opposite the Meridian Hotel at 1pm. At the end of the parade, private and fishing boats will congregate to take people out to open water (supervised by the Brazilian navy), where they can make their offerings to Yemanja. Finshes with a show in the Garota de Ipanema park including a performance by Afoxe Filhos de Ghandi - till 10pm.
Av. Rio Branco
The biggest and most frequent band processions take place on Av. Rio Branco, Downtown (Centro). From Saturday to Tuesday you can see the greatest variety of street bands there, and it is where the merry-making is at its wildest with traditional groups such as Cordão do Bola Preta, Cacique de Ramos, Bafo da Onça, to mention just a few. A visit at the end of the afternoon is always entertaining particularly when combined with a visit to Cinelandia
Samba vs. Marchinhas
"If they have brass, they'll usually call themselves a "banda". Either way, they'llDownload rehearse for a month or two, or maybe not rehearse at all, and then they rent a sound truck for the singers and guitarists to ride on, and have a big parade. It's sort of a "Let's have a party!" down-home approach to Carnaval. It's actually the way the escolas-de-samba used to be, way back in the old days...... Most blocos play samba or, if they have a brass band, they might play marchinhas, the peppy European polka-type music of old-school Carnaval. Carnaval music used to all be marchinhas, back in the 30's, before samba was brought to Rio by immigrants from Bahia."
Kathleen Hunt @ /
Link List
Giselle's the UK's most well known expert on Rio Carnaval and she tracks the annual changes for you in English. Link addresses change every year so start at the top. Here's 2010 for as long as it lasts  .
Street Carnival @ rioturismo
Street Carnival @
Samba Kat's Rio Stories Kathleen Hunt is aDownload sambista [percussionist] based in Portland Oregon whose eloquent writing about Rio Carnaval since 2006 has been superlative.
The blocos have started, the blocos have
started [2007]
Samba-Choro [best year round music guide]
Long-time favorite bookmark for carnavalescos and musicologists
translated to English by
consistently has one of the most important banda and year round live music schedules
rio carnival_blocos

was the first on the web to take on the overwhelming job of covering the fast moving Rio Street Carnaval Bloco scene with excellent since 2001 although it no longer keeps up on the English
Bands and "Blocos[en]"
Blocos & Bandas by
/riotur The City does collect the massive amount of data about the street party but your best sorting through these filtered links to make your plans.

Many of the blocos are supported through the City's efforts to maintain Rio de Janeiro Carnaval as #1 in the world but there has been a lot of comments on the need for greater crowd control and porta-potties 

Carnaval History
The last blowout before


For the Easter pre Season of Lent, we "wipe our feet," in a sense, from our more base soul's desires before entering a state of grace. The wisdom of allowing the individual to let off some steam during the five days of Carnaval was said to have been the source of the name of the season itself or "farewell [valle] to the flesh [carne]. 
The first mention of the term "tessarakoste" the Greek word for Lent and Spring occurs in the fifth canon of the Council of Nicea (A.D. 325) The full forty days of fasting  was successfully promoted by St. Athanasius beginning in 331 and in 339 he urged this observance upon the people of Alexandria as one that was universally practiced, "to the end that while all the world is fasting, we who are in Egypt should not become a laughing-stock as the only people who do not fast but take our pleasure in those days". 40
In the late 6th century, Pope Gregory the Great took comprehensive list of eight evil thoughts and published the Seven deadly sins and also instituted Ash Wednesday, which served has served as  the official conclusion to Carnaval now for several eons.
There is no written discussion showing the Church believed letting the feelings out was the best way to repress them the rest of the year. Yet this indicated in the most common explanation for the Church's most acclaimed relationship to Carnaval, that is, coming up with the name for the festival which bids farewell to the pleasures of the flesh and body to renew  focus on the health of the spirit and soul in preparation for the rebirth of Christ.
Pride is excessive belief in one's own abilities, that interferes with the individual's recognition of the grace of God. It has been called the sin from which all others arise. Pride is also known as Vanity.

Envy is the desire for others' traits, status, abilities, or situation.

Gluttony is an inordinate desire to consume more than that which one requires.

Lust is an inordinate craving for the pleasures of the body.

Anger is manifested in the individual who spurns love and opts instead for fury. It is also known as Wrath.

is the desire for material wealth or gain, ignoring the realm of the spiritual. It is also called Avarice or Covetousness.

Sloth is the avoidance of physical or spiritual work.
2010 Rio Bloco Schedule
Complete listings for 200 Rio Sul Groups and an amazing google map of where to go and when for entire city


Last link check Feb-2010