|Carnaval in Germany || Cologne Karneval || Cologne City guide || LINKS || Kölsch Dialect|
|While well known Carnivals are held in southern German cities, and in the
Rhineland cities of
Mainz , Aachen, Bonn and Dusseldorf.
Along the Rhine every town has
a "Prinz" and "Prinzessin" (prince and princess) who command a uniformed
guard, the "Prinzengarde" (prince's garde),
The biggest and zaniest Rhine Karneval and
for that matter, in all of Europe, is held in Köln (Cologne),
Germany's oldest city where the Karneval is annually
synthesized into a vivacious work of art.
The first written record of the Köln carnival is from the year 1341.
Köln has the Dreigestirn (three Stars): the Carnival Prince (known as
Seine Tollitдt, ‘His Craziness’), the
Bauer (peasant) and the Jungfrau (virgin). The Jungfrau has always been a man. It is a great honour to be
one of eleven (11) members of the Dreigestirn, and they are elected each October from the members of
Köln’s 105 historic carnival associations.
Officially it starts am elften elften elf Uhr elf (11th November at 11:11am) and continues in a fairly low-key way for about three months before the Tolle Tage (Crazy Days) which climax on Rosenmontag, the 42nd day before Easter. Koln a huge party that starts on Thursday (Altweiberfastnacht) and ends on Tuesday (Veilchendienstag) with the Nubbelverbrennung (burning the spirit of carnival to atone for the sins committed during the carnival session). Millions will be on the streets dressed in costume to cheer their royalties and friends on floats or marching in the parade for the Rose Parade on Carnival Monday.
After the official initiation in November, Karneval other important countdown dates are New Year's Day January 1st and the Festival of the Three Kings or Magi also know as the Epiphany), on January 6th.
Weiberfastnacht (women’s carnival night) is the Thursday before Rosenmontag, and it is tradition that women are allowed to cut off the tie of any man within reach, and to kiss any man they want to.
This day also signals the beginning of the five days of Carnival with nearly 50
processions leading up to Monday's
Rose Monday Parade
On Shrove Tuesday the crazy couple will move with their retinue into the Rathaus (City Hall) to govern until midnight, when the merrymaking and foolishness comes to a sudden halt, yielding to the observation of Lent.
|CARNIVAL REGIONALLY in GERMANY||Cologne ||TOP|||
|Carnival is a regional festival and is
celebrated in different ways according to different local traditions. It’s
Karneval in the Rhineland area; the backbone of the German carnival, the Guilds of Fools enthrone their own princes and princesses to guide the fool’s folk into a "devilish" season. It all culminates in the Rosenmontagzügen (The Rose-Monday Parade known or Carnival Monday just before Ash Wednesday)
Fastnacht around the city of Mainz ('fasting night', or eve of Lent, the period of fasting);
Fasnet in Swabia (south-west region of Germany) and in the south-west of the state of Bavaria;
Fosnat in the Franken region (northern Bavaria), and as
Fasching around the city of Munchen and in Austria.
Fasteleer or Fastelofvend: Karneval in Cologne.
|CITY GUIDE LINKS ||TOP||||
www.koeln.de/ || fr/ ||en/ official city guide
"The world feels at home in Cologne, where people meet for a Kölsch, a chat or simply a laugh. Life in Cologne is uncomplicated and vivacious - the tolerance and cosmopolitanism of its inhabitants proverbial."
Cologne-In.de alternative online mag with city map and deep directories
Kölner Stadtanzeiger, daily newspaper
|In the middle of August, the concentration of music and media attract more than two million young fans to Cologne for the Musikfest am Ring (music festival on the Ring mile). In these few days, the city is transformed into a gigantic open-air location. There is also the opportunity to attend another fair: Popkomm, which has become the world’s biggest trade fair for popular music. In July, almost a tradition, gays and lesbians from all over Europe wildly celebrate their Christopher Street Day in Cologne; over 750,000 people are on the streets for this event in Cologne. Another of Cologne’s long-established events is the Longest Table in Cologne (Längste Deesch vun Kölle), a street festival in the Severinstrasse, in the heart of the Südstadt district.|
|Karneval Link Resources ||TOP|||
|Robert Shea from St. Louis USA has done terrific job
explaining , MO)http://www.serve.com/shea/germusa/karneval.htm
|"Kölsch" Karneval in the Cologne dialect:||TOP|||
|Kölsch refers to
both the local dialect and beer
die Büttenrede The tradition of humorous, rhyming Büttenreden began in Cologne. An entire industry, complete with books and Web sites, has grown up around it.
närrische Saison the foolish/silly season
Elferrat: (Council of Eleven of plan the festivities in consultation with the Karneval societies.
Funken Prinzengarde (prince's guard) created as a parody of the Prussian drill. Dressed in 18th century uniforms with red coats, white wigs and three-cornered hats, this drill team carries out some irreverent maneuvers, occasionally bending over and wagging their posteriors at authority.
Funken Rote : the oldest and largest Carnival society in Cologne. Members of the corps are divided up into 4 companies wearing flashy red and white uniforms. The 4 symbols for each division are; a knitted sock, an onion, a spinning top and a champagne cork. The official language of the "Rote Funken" is "Kölsch," the local dialect. Every Funk has a Kölsch nickname. In 1823, they
person born in Cologne.
Büttensitzung: The main feature of a Büttensitzung is that a speaker literally stands inside of, and speaks from a barrel. "Bütten" (barrel) speakers are expected to be funny, and clever. The speeches range from funny to satirical and highly political. The speakers enjoy "Narrenfreiheit" (fools' liberty), the license of a court jester who had the liberty to speak unpopular truths as long as they are humorous.
Tünnes & Schäl two Karneval characters whose job it is to poke fun at the good citizens of Cologne. Tünnes, should be casually attired and while simple and good natured, he's no dummy. Whereas Schäl, is correct in derby hat and tie, displays proper, conforming respectability
Funken Mariechen (Mary of the Sparks,) high stepping dancing majorettes, girls and women dressed in white wigs, three-pointed hats and red uniforms. There are now acrobatic competitions as part of the Carnival
Zoch: (from Zug) parade. first came together to poke fun at the stiff Prussian military.
Sitzung: meeting of Faschingsverein, where there is music, singing, dancing and Schunkeln.
EAU de Cologne - the perfumes- a strong fresh odor... Kölinischwater
Schunkeln: you link arms with the persons next to you and swing with the music.
Nubbelverbrennung: burning the spirit of carnival to atone for the sins committed during the carnival session
DAYS of KARNEVAL
Weiberfastnacht: Carnival Thursday, the first day of the women's carnival. Tie wearers beware for, according to custom, your tie can be be cut off. Other names in Germany for women's carnaval are Dorendonderdach, feister phinztag, gumpiger donstag, kleine fastnacht (Oberrhein), fetter Donnerstag, schwerer Donnerstag (Rheinland), Semperstag, tumbe fassnacht, unsinniger Donnerstag, Weiberdonnerstag, wuetig Donnerstag, Wuscheltag (Basel), zemperstag, zimpertag
Rosenmontag or Fastelovendszoch: Rose Monday Parade. Rosenmontag actually has nothing to do with roses, but is derived from rasen, to rave or rage! While Cologne Karneval peaks on Monday, in the South Fasching reaches its climax on Shrove Tuesday
Faschingsdienstag or Veilchendienstag (Shrove Tuesday) it all ends with the "Kehraus" (from auskehren, to sweep out) when, by the stroke of midnight, the merrymaking comes to an end. ||TOP||
|Carnaval in Germany || Cologne Karneval || Cologne City guide || LINKS || Kölsch Dialect || www.carnaval.com|