Egypt
Egypt
Carnaval.com  presents
Carnaval.com  presents

Osirus myth 
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Nut
Star Sirius
Scorpion
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The Great Pageantry
Set
Hermes
Pyramids
Sphinx
carnaval.com/isis
Isis Rising
Golden Ass
Bastet the Cat goddess > cateyes
Numerology
Plutarach
Myth & Magic
Sacred Geometry
Wooden Books
The Legend of Osiris and Isis tells the story of how Osiris, Isis, Horus and Set became  the most important  Egyptian mythology The original form of the myth states that Osiris was killed by a wooden sarcophagus secretly being made to his measurements. Set found Osiris coffin took his body out and dismembered him into 13 parts and scattered them across the land of Egypt which included the cosmos of the night sky.

Once again Isis set out to look for the pieces and she was able to find and put together 12 of the 13 parts, but was unable to find the 13th, his penis, which was eaten by the oxyrhynchus fish (a pike whose unusual curved snout resembles depictions of Set). Instead, she fashioned a phallus out of gold and sang a song around Osiris until he came back to life.

Osiris was resurrected. Although alive he could only live for one night and then would become the just ruler of the underworld. So it was on this night that Isis conceived Horus.

As a life-death-rebirth deity, Horus/Osiris became a reflection of the annual cycle of crop harvesting as well as reflecting people's desires for a successful afterlife, and so the legend became extremely important, outstripping all others. The term Osiris-Dionysus is used by some historians of religion[1] to refer to a group of deities worshipped around the Mediterranean in the centuries prior to the emergence of Jesus.

Sekhmet originally the warrior goddess of Upper Egypt. She is depicted as a lioness, As an aspect of Hathor  bears her sun disk and a cobra on her crown and eventually merged into Bast.

Ptolemaic dynasty

Ptolemy,  served as one of Alexander the Great's generals and deputies , was appointed satrap of Egypt after Alexander's death in 323 BC. In 305 BC, he declared himself King Ptolemy I, later known as "Soter" (saviour). The Egyptians soon accepted the Ptolemies as the successors to the pharaohs of independent Egypt. Ptolemy's family ruled Egypt until the Roman conquest of 30 BC.
Hermes_Trismegistus In Hellenistic Egypt, the Egyptian god Thoth was given as epithet the Greek name of Hermes. He has also been identified with Enoch[2]. Other similar syncretized gods include Serapis and Hermanubis. They are psychopomps; who guide souls to the afterlife. Plato's Timaeus and Critias state that in the temple of Neith at Sais, there were secret halls containing historical records which had been kept for 9,000 years. Clement of Alexandria was under the impression that the Egyptians had forty-two sacred writings by Hermes, encapsulating all the training of Egyptian priests. During the Middle Ages and the Renaissance, the writings attributed to Hermes Trismegistus known as Hermetica enjoyed great credit and were popular among alchemists. Among other things there are spells to magically protect objects; hence the origin of the term "Hermetically sealed". "Thrice-Wise" Hermes Trismegistus because he was threefold: the first of the name, comparable to Thoth, was a "civilizing hero," an initiator into the mysteries of the divine science and wisdom that animate the world; he carved the principles of this sacred science in hieroglyphs. The second Hermes, in Babylon, was the initiator of Pythagoras. The third Hermes was the first teacher of alchemy.
The Coptic calendar, also called the Alexandrian calendar, is used by the Coptic Orthodox Church. This calendar is based on the ancient Egyptian calendar. To avoid the calendar creep of the latter, a reform of the ancient Egyptian calendar was introduced at the time of Ptolemy III (Decree of Canopus, in 238 BC) which consisted of the intercalation of a sixth epagomenal day every fourth year. However, this reform was opposed by the Egyptian priests, and the idea was not adopted until 25 BC, when the Roman Emperor Augustus formally reformed the calendar of Egypt, keeping it forever synchronized with the newly introduced Julian calendar. To distinguish it from the Ancient Egyptian calendar, which remained in use by some astronomers until medieval times, this reformed calendar is known as the Coptic calendar. Its years and months [30 days each plus 5 or 6 epagomenal days] coincide with those of the Ethiopian calendar but have different numbers and names.
Ragini Bhairavi
Lingam  The lingam is the simplest and most ancient symbol of Shiva, especially of Parasiva, God beyond all forms and qualities. Often called "the Destroyer", Shiva is one of the Trimurti, along with Brahma the Creator and Vishnu the Preserver.  Lingas are usually a phallic shaped stone. The linga is not just the organ of generation, but a sign and essence of the progenitor of the eternal and universal cosmos.

Date of Christmas

The choice of 25 December to celebrate the Nativity of Christ was first proposed by Hippolytus of Rome (170–236), but was apparently not accepted until either 336 or 364. Dionysius of Alexandria emphatically quoted mystical justifications for this very choice:

March 25 was considered to be the anniversary of Creation itself. It was the first day of the year in the medieval Julian calendar and the nominal vernal equinox.  Considering that Christ was conceived at that date turned March 25 into the Feast of the Annunciation which had to be followed, nine months later, by the celebration of the birth of Christ, Christmas, on December 25.The choice would help substitute a major Christian holiday for the popular pagan celebrations around the winter solstice (Roman Saturnalia or Brumalia). The religious competition was fierce. In 274, Emperor Aurelian had declared a civil holiday on December 25 (the "Festival of the birth of the Unconquered Sun") to celebrate the birth of Mithras.

Until the 16th century, 25 December coincided with 29 Koiak of the Coptic calendar. However, upon the introduction of the Gregorian calendar in 1582, December 25 shifted 10 days earlier in comparison with the Julian and Coptic calendars and a further day each time the Gregorian calendar drops a leap day. This is the reason why Old-Calendrists (using the Julian and Coptic calendars) presently celebrate Christmas on January 7, 13 days after the New-Calendrists (using the Gregorian calendar), who celebrate Christmas on December 25.

The day of Pesach (Pascha or Passover, Nisan 15), is always at the first or second full moon following the vernal equinox. At the First Ecumenical Council, held in 325 at Nicaea, it was decided to celebrate Easter on the Sunday following the so-called Paschal Full Moon.

At the Council of Nicaea, it became one of the duties of the patriarch of Alexandria to determine the dates of the Resurrection and to announce it to the other Christian churches.

 

"The Origin and the Return of the Soul in Plutarch" shows how Plutarch's Middle Platonism deviates from Plato himself on the soul's origin, insofar as Plutarch suggests that the soul enters the world with no previous vision of the Forms. Plutarch's thought on the soul's return differs from the master's to the extent that he believes some souls will make a linear return to their destiny in God, identified with the Form of the Good and the Beautiful.

[more]

The Myth and Religion of Osiris the God
By Peter

 Goodgame
Ancient Egyptian roots
of the Principia Hermetica
The Two Babylons, Alexander Hislop,
 The Child In Egypt 222
The "Lost Tombs" Revisited @ enterprise
mission.com
EgyptianMuseum
.gov.eg in Cairo
thoth by crystalinks.com
greatdreams.com
osiris.htm
The Ancient Egyptian Calendar and Festivals @inkemetic.org by Kerry Wisner, Jemjra Hm Akhet Hwt-Hrw
Isis Festival at winter solistice An interpretation of ancient mathematical astronomy. by O. Neugebauer 1976
In The Golden Bough, Professor Frazer shows that the pig was tabooed because it was at one time a sacred animal identified with Osiris. Once a year, according to Herodotus, pigs were sacrificed in Egypt to the moon and to Osiris. The moon pig was eaten, but the pigs offered to Osiris were slain in front of house doors and given back to the swineherds from whom they were purchased.
 

 

Joyful abandonment and ecstatic revelry can be considered a proper reaction to an annual celebration of the  rhythms of nature and the succession of the seasons.

The rhythm of Egyptian life was the rhythm of the Nile where the royal lineage, the authority to govern, religion and science were intrinsically interwoven in Ancient Egypt during its eleven thousand years of existence. Each year there were three  New Year’s Festival opening each season but the most important was in July, marked by the annual rising of the star Sirius at sunrise and took place during the 5 days outside of normal time and space completing the 360 day year. This five day festival of ritual pageantry was soon followed by the festival of drunkenness presided over by Bast the cat, creator, nurturer and destroyer or a triple goddess. 

The festivals of Ancient Egypt were intended to attune the celebrants with the cycles of nature and the universe through the symbology of myth and the sacred act of ritual. In doing so the participants became aware of their own connection with the divine and their place in the universe.

Today we still commemorate the New year and the seasons with drunken revelry but we no longer know our myths. The Egyptian myths contained symbols which connected the tribe to the universe, a forward thinking concept even today as we try to think of ourselves as one earth family. For the Egytians, Egypt included the star constellations where Osirus body part were hidden.

Hail to Thee, Oh Nile!
We bless and worship Thee –
For all the benefits you give us daily.
A festive song is raised for you.
Let crooner praise your glory
Playing the strings of his harp.

Hymn to the Nile (excerpt),
1304-1273 BC, New Kingdom.

Thoth

The 5-day Egyptian Carnival
The Dog Days of Summer officially begin. According to Hellenic traditions, the rising of the Dog Star heralded the hottest part of the year for the Northern Hemisphere. The Dog Days of Summer, as calculated by the Greater or Lesser Dog Star (Sirius or Procyon), may continue from 30 to 54 days. A generally accepted period is from July 3 to August 15.
 The Egyptians referred to this as prt Spdt “the going up of (the goddess) Sothis” and was called wpt-rnpt, “the opening of the year” one of three “New Years” festivals of the Egyptians. This was the third New Year’s festival of their 3 season year and heralded the first day of the Sothic year.


The ancient Egyptians used special constellations, the decans, to divide their year into 36 parts. They rose at particular hours of the night during 36 successive periods of 10 days each, constituting the year. A decan indicated the one and same hour during 10 days. Each specific decan rose above the eastern horizon at dawn for an annual period of 10 days. As the stars rise 4 minutes later night by night a given decan was replaced after 10 day by its predecessor to mark a given hour. The earliest Egyptian calendars indicate that the 5 epagomenal days were not regarded as belonging to the year.

1st Epagomenal Day  Birthday of Osiris
(God of the Dead)
at the hour of his birth a voice issued forth saying,
"The Lord of All advances to the light."

2nd Epagomenal Day  Birthday of Horus
(King of the Gods on Earth)

3rd Epagomenal Day  Birthday of Set
(God of Chaos)

4th Epagomenal Day  Birthday of Isis
(Queen of the Gods)

5th Epagomenal Day  Birthday of Nephthys
(Lady of the Wings)

 Egyptian New Year

http://www.fursuit.info/images/sec08/anubis-leather.jpg

Anubis jackal masks were commonly worn by  processional participants.


Anubis is the jackal god of the Underworld, protector of the Pharaohs, and weigher of souls with a feather of truth.


 The role of masks in the pageantry as part of the reenactment of the myth is considered the earliest form of drama

The image “http://www.jnanam.net/golden-ass/goldass/isis02.jpg” cannot be displayed, because it contains errors.
 Ancient Egypt  was known to its people in antiquity, "Kemet". Egypt or "Aigyptos" is a Greek word, and originally referred to Men-Nefer or Memphis, the city of Ptah.
Kemet was influenced in its twilight era by two classically polythetistic cultures: the Roman Empire which absorbed ancient Egypt completely after Cleopatra failed to bring Rome under her spell as the consort and wife to first Julius Cesar and then Mark Anthony  and the Greeks whose integration flourished under the Macedonian Ptolemy family from Alexander the Great's death [305 BC]to Cleopatra's suicide [30 BC] During this time it was common for the rulers to modify deities,  myths, and interpretations. 
Osirus
Osiris was not only the redeemer and merciful judge of the dead in the afterlife, but also the underworld agency that granted all life, including sprouting vegetation and the fertile flooding of the Nile River. The Kings of Egypt were associated with Osiris in death such that as Osiris rose from the dead so would they, in union with him, inherit eternal life through a process of imitative magic. By the New Kingdom all people, not just pharaohs, were believed to be associated with Osiris at death if they incurred the costs of the assimilation rituals

There was a tradition in Egypt, recorded by Plutarch, that "Osiris was black," which, in a land where the general complexion was dusky, must have implied something more than ordinary in its darkness.


"O King, you are this great star, the companion of Orion, who traverses the sky with Orion, orion who navigates the Netherworld with Osiris; you ascend from the east of the sky, being renewed at your due season and rejuvenated at your due time. The sky has born you with Orion, the year has put a fillet on you with Osiris, hands have been given to you, the dance has gone down to you, a food-offering is given to you, the Great Mooring-post cries out to you as (to) Osiris in his suffering."

The Ancient Egyptian Pyramid Texts, translated by R.O. Faulkner, 1969,

Plutarch's account of death & resurrection of Osirus
Set (who was called Typhon in this Greek accounting) is the evil brother of the God King Osiris. Set contrived a plan to usurp his brother whereby he tricked Osiris into stepping into a heavily-ornamented box fitted exactly to his dimensions. No sooner had Osiris entered the box then Typhon had it nailed-shut and sealed with molten lead. He and his conspirators then threw this casket into the river. The pans & satyrs learn of this trick and inform Osiris's sister-wife, Isis. She searches all of the lands for the Osiris's coffin and, upon finding it, tears off the lid and carresses the dead face of Her beloved brother-husband.
Her caresses turn more urgent until she begins to copulate with the cold body of Osiris (reminiscent of some representations the Hindu Goddess Kali astride the prostate, lifeless body of Shiva) and conceives a child, Horus. When Set learns ofThe image “http://www.fungi4schools.org/Reprints/Photoset01/Phallus_impudicus_Stinkhorn.jpg” cannot be displayed, because it contains errors. the body's discovery, he chops the body into tiny bits, casting them hither and yon through the lands. Isis retrieves all of the parts, except for Osiris's male-member (symbolizing his virility and strength), which Set cast into the river to be eaten by pikes (Egyptians traditionally avoided eating pike for this reason). However, Isis made a replica phallus and consecrated it--this event replicated in ceremonies performed by the ancient Egyptians in a festival  Later Horus, Osiris's truly posthumous son, overthrows the cruel Set.
Osiris's Sperm Arcing up towards Isis
The 3 Seasons of Egypt
The Egyptian year was divided into three distinct seasons: Akhet meaning inundation, Peret meaning emergence or growth, and Shomu meaning low–water and harvest. The word Shomu may well be an ancient root for the English word "summer." While Akhet was the season in which the Nile was depositing soil, Peret became the time of planting, cultivating and maintaining the crops. Shomu then followed with the beginning of this being the time of harvest. However, as noted earlier, Shomu quickly moved on to be a very hot–dry period in the year. Each of these seasons lasted approximately four lunar months.

 

Osiris was the offspring of an intrigue between the earth-god Seb  and the sky-goddess Nut. [The Greeks identified his parents with their own deities Cronus and Rhea.] When the sun-god Ra perceived that his wife Nut had been unfaithful to him, he declared with atriad.jpg curse that she should be delivered of the child in no month and no year. But the goddess had another lover, the god Thoth [or Hermes, as the Greeks called him,] and he playing at draughts with the moon won from her a 1/72 part of every day, and having compounded 5 whole days out of these parts he added them to the Egyptian year of 360 days. This was the mythical origin of the 5 supplementary days which the Egyptians annually inserted at the end of every year in order to establish a harmony between the 355 day 13 moon lunar calendar and 365 day solar year.

On these five days, regarded as outside the year of twelve months and beyond normal time and space, the curse of the sun-god was removed, and accordingly Osiris was born on the first of them. At his nativity a voice rang out proclaiming that the Lord of All had come into the world, the eldest son of Nut was born.

Thoth later known as
Hermes Trismegistus

Thoth was said to have succeeded in understanding the mysteries of the heavens and to have revealed them by inscribing them in sacred books which he then hid here on Earth, intending that they should be searched for by future generations but found by those of the bloodline.

The 42 Books of Thoth  describe the instructions for achieving immortality plus 2 more books kept separately. The dating of these lost books is somewhere between the third century BC and the first century AD. Their influence, originally passed along by the Egyptian priesthood has been tremendous in influencing Pythagoras, Plato, the Renaissance, alchemy, Masonry as well as the development of Western occultism and magic.

Thoth: Creator of the alphabet & calendar

Thoth is credited as the inventor of the 365-day (rather than 360-day) calendar, it being said that he had won the extra 5 days by gambling with the moon, then known as Iabet, in a game of dice, for 1/72nd of its light (5 = 360/72). Like Thoth, the Sumerian moon-god Sin was charged with measuring the passage of time.

 

 

The second day was set aside to be the birthday of Horus (the son of Isis and Osiris). On the third day the second son of Nut was born, dark Set, the lord of evil. On the fourth her daughter Isis first saw the light, and her second daughter Nephthys on the fifth. In this way the curse of Ra was both fulfilled and defeated: for the days on which the children of Nut were born belonged to no year. Afterwards Set married his sister Nephthys, and Osiris has wed his sister Isis. while they were both still in the womb of their mother, Nut, the universe or sky goddess.http://www.geocities.com/Athens/Thebes/7203/cards/osiris_card8.jpg

The legend and cult of Osiris indicate belief in the Incarnate God and the ritual practice of killing of the king which is found in many other pagan Carnaval customs. In the resurrection of Osiris, the Egyptians saw the promise of everlasting life for themselves beyond the grave. They believed that every man would live eternally in the other world if only his surviving friends did for his body what the gods had done for the body of Osiris.

A great feature of the festival was the nocturnal illumination: throughout the whole of Egypt, people fastened rows of oil lamps to the outside of their houses, and the lamps burned all night long.

The new year’s festival was one of the most powerful ceremonies of Ancient Egypt when the revitalizing light of the star Sirius and the Sun were united with the earthly image of the Neteru/Gods of each temple. On this one day the statues were taken from their shrines and placed where they could bathe in the light of these sacred manifestations of the feminine and masculine forces of life; Sirius, the stellar Goddess and the Sun, the living image of the God Ra.

The revenge of Horus the son of Osiris against his evil uncle Seth,  is a powerful and universal struggle of good verses evil. It is said that this battle of good verses evil still rages, but some day, Horus will be victorious and on that day, Osiris will return to rule the world.

   
Precession & the Osirus myth
Set traps and murders his brother Osirus

Only Osiris fit perfectly inside the coffin, and then when he was inside Set, along with 72 fellow conspirators, slammed the door of the chest shut and fastened it with nails and molten lead. They then carried the chest out and tossed it into the river, whereupon Osiris drowned and the chest was carried out to sea.

72 years = 1 degree shift in the night sky

1 sign of the zodiac =72 x 30 = 2160 years
2 signs of the zodiac 72 x 60 = 4320 years.
Full Circle 72 x 360 = 25,920 years
5 x 72 = 360 degrees of a full cycle
360 = 365 solar cycle - 5 days
360 = 355 lunar cycle + 5 days
The 5 days which Thoth won from the moon goddess
The act of evil in drowning Osiris was said to have been the work of 72 unnamed conspirators. This is not the only time 72 appears in the central myth of Egypt.  Legend has it that 1/72nd of the moon's light was said to have been won by Thoth for the birth of the five major gods - Set, Nepthys, Osiris, Isis, and Horus. Each 1/72nd of the moon's light given for the 5 days signifying an individual piece of darkness left in its place during the 360.  This legend is based upon the fact that 1/72 over 360 days, the length of the year in the older Egyptian calendar, produces 5 whole days, reflecting the duration of the newer 365 day Egyptian calendar.
72  a canonical number

 = Precession of the Equinoxes

"Let us not forget that they occur in a myth which is present at the very dawn of writing in Egypt (indeed elements of the Osiris story are to be found in the Pyramid Texts dating back to around 2450 BC, in a context which suggests that they were exceedingly old then).  Hipparchus, the so-called discoverer of precession lived in the second century BC.  He proposed a value of 45 or 46 seconds of arc for one year of precessional motion.  These figures yield a one-degree shift along the ecliptic in 80 years (at 45 arc seconds per annum).  The true figure, as calculated by twentieth century science, is 71.6 years.  If Sellers's theory is correct, therefore, the 'Osiris numbers', which give a value of 72 years, are significantly more accurate than those of Hipparchus .  Indeed, within the obvious confines imposed by narrative structure, it is difficult to see how the number 72 could have been improved upon, even if the more precise figure had been known to the ancient myth-makers.  One can hardly insert 71.6 conspirators into a story, but 72 will fit comfortably."

"Working from this rounded-up figure, the Osiris myth is capable of yielding a value of 2160 years for a precessional shift through one complete house of the zodiac.  The correct figure, according to today's calculations, is 2148 years.  Hipparchus [the alleged precession discoverer, Hipparchus of Rhodes , (190-125 BC)] figures are 2400 years and 2347.8 years respectively.  Finally, Osiris enables us to calculate 25,920 as the number of years required for the
fulfillment of a complete precessional cycle through 12
houses of the zodiac."

"Hipparchus gives us either 28,800 or 28,173.6 years.  The correct figure, by today's estimates, is 25,776 yearsThe Hipparchus calculations for the Great Return are therefore around 3000 years out of kilter. Fingerprints of the Gods The Osiris calculations miss the true figure by only 144 years, and may well do so because the narrative context forced a rounding-up of the base number from the correct value of 71.6 to a more workable figure of 72"

From page 275- 276 of Fingerprints of the Gods 
 
   
 
Nut: the creation goddess of the Universe
Nut was the goddess of the daytime sky and later theGeb with his wife, Nut goddess of the entire sky and was the place where clouds formed. Her father and mother were Shu and Tefnut. Her husband was the earth god Geb, with whom she had four children, Osiris, Isis, Seth, and Nephthys. Nut’s children were born on the five (5) epagomenal days of the Egyptian year as described inThe Story of  Re.

Egyptians held celebrations each year on these five days. The day of Osiris was unlucky, as were the days of Nephthys and Seth. The day of Horus the Elder was both lucky and unlucky. Nut Raised Above GebThe day of Isis was lucky. Given her position as the sky, Nut gave birth to the sun every day. Through the day he passes under Nut’s arched body, through her mouth and body and was reborn again the next day. Alternatively, the sun takes the boat Atet up Nut’s legs, changes boats at noon, and takes the boat Sektet over Nut’s body until sunset.

The Star Sirius
heralds the rising Nile and the New Year for both the lunar and civil calendar

Sirius, the brightest star in the night sky, was known as Sopdet—the "bright one"—to the Egyptians.

The lunar calendar was the original system used in Egypt that determined the timing of the majority of the religious festivals. Because each lunar cycle can vary in length the dates of the sacred holidays change from year to year. Just as today pre-Lenten Carnaval dates can vary by 6 weeks, so did the Egyptian festivals.

The civil calendar was engineered to begin with the day of the appearance of Sirius/Sopdet at sunrise. Despite the fact that the Nile may have already begun to rise this date was considered to be the beginning of the season of Akhet. In the civil calendar each season is composed of four months, each month is made up of three weeks, and each week consisted of ten days. The total number of days in the civil year is 360. At the end of the last month of the civil year the five Carnaval days were added that were considered  outside of time and of great spiritual nature since the chief gods were born on these days. These were termed "the Days Upon the Year;" however, Egyptologists refer to them as the epagomenal days.

The Egyptians soon came to realize that each year an important celestial event occurred which symbolically and perhaps intuitively came to represent the spiritual cause for the inundation. This was the rising of the star Sirius on the eastern horizon at sunrise, a phenomenon which is referred to by Egyptologists and astronomers alike as a ‘heliacal’ rising. Sirius, the brightest star in the night sky, was known as Sopdet—the "bright one"—to the Egyptians.

Despite modern misconceptions there was no accurate way to predict with certainty when the Nile would actually begin to rise from year to year. Studies done in the late nineteenth century (well before the building of the High Dam at Aswan) show that in actuality this could begin anytime between April and June in our current calendar .

 For approximately seventy days this star would remain hidden from view, suddenly making its appearance at sunrise. This was seen as a very powerful, spiritual moment, so much so that it was commemorated with elaborate temple rituals by the priesthood and mass celebrations on the part of the public. It is for this reason that, ideally, this cosmic event came to be seen as the starting point of the year both for the stellar calendar, which evolved into the civil calendar, and the lunar calendar.

The actual stellar year/solar year is 365 1/4 days.  This could be managed by the ancient Egyptians by resetting with the rise of the great star Sirius. In 239 B.C. Ptolemy III Euergetes issued the decree making every fourth year a leap year with the addition of a sixth epagomenal day to systematically match the natural Sirius cycle.
 Adopted & more @ .inkemetic.org

Scorpion
"Last of all Osiris stepped into it and lay down. On that the conspirators ran and slammed the lid down on him, nailed it fast, soldered it with molten lead, and flung the coffer into the Nile. This happened on the seventeenth day of the month Athyr, when the sun is in the sign of the Scorpion, and in the eight-and-twentieth year of the reign or the life of Osiris. When Isis heard of it she sheared off a lock of her hair, put on a mourning attire, and wandered disconsolately up and down, seeking the body.   4   By the advice of the god of wisdom she took refuge in the papyrus swamps of the Delta. Seven scorpions accompanied her in her flight. One evening when she was weary she came to the house of a woman, who, alarmed at the sight of the scorpions, shut the door in her face. Then one of the scorpions crept under the door and stung the child of the woman that he died. But when Isis heard the mother’s lamentation, her heart was touched, and she laid her hands on the child and uttered her powerful spells; so the poison was driven out of the child and he lived. Afterwards Isis herself gave birth to a son in the swamps. She had conceived him while she fluttered in the form of a hawk over the corpse of her dead husband. The infant was the younger Horus, who in his youth bore the name of Harpocrates, that is, the child Horus. Him Buto, the goddess of the north, hid from the wrath of his wicked uncle Set. Yet she could not guard him from all mishap; for one day when Isis came to her little son’s hiding-place she found him stretched lifeless and rigid on the ground: a scorpion had stung him. Then Isis prayed to the sun-god Ra for help. The god hearkened to her and staid his bark in the sky, and sent down Thoth to teach her the spell by which she might restore her son to life. She uttered the words of power, and straightway the poison flowed from the body of Horus, air passed into him, and he lived. Then ThothDownload ascended up into the sky and took his place once more in the bark of the sun, and the bright pomp passed onward jubilant."
The Great Pageantry of the Osiris & Isis
Satirical papyrus
The Greeks may have believed that they were the inventors of theatre, but, the central creation story featuring the murder of Osiris by Seth, his dismemberment and resuscitation made for grand drama and was frequently shown ancient records. These enactments were not held in theatres but did employ professional actors. They were mostly pageant-like, as their subject was religious and the method was ritualistic.
 
       One of the texts accompanying temple reliefs at Edfu describes aspects of a New Kingdom religious drama performed during the Horus festival while the statue of Hathor was carried from her temple at Denderah to the festivities at Edfu.
Horus temple at Edfu; Source: University of Erlangen website

Horus temple at Edfu
Source: University of Erlangen website

This text contains what has been interpreted as staging instructions concerning the actors for a grandiose play where a great number of performers including supernumeraries, props such as statues, and backdrops were used. Symbolic dances which may have been holy rituals and ballet scenes formed part of the performance.

Set also spelled Seth, Sutekh or Seteh & Typhon in Greek]

  a god of change, confusion and chaos.

Set  formed part of the Ennead of Heliopolis, as a son of the earth (Geb) and sky (Nut), husband to the fertile land around the Nile (Nebt-het/Nephthys), and brother to death (Usir/Osiris), and life (Aset/Isis), and father of Anubis. In art, Set was mostly depicted as a mysterious and unknownSet. creature, referred to by Egyptologists as the Set animal or Typhonic beast, with a curved snout, square ears, forked tail, and canine body, or sometimes as a human with only the head of the Set animal. It has no complete resemblance to any known creature, although it does resemble a composite of an aardvark and a jackal, both of which are desert creatures.
Set the envious younger brother, killed and dismembered Osiris. The myth incorporated moral lessons for relationships between fathers and sons, older and younger brothers, and husbands and wives. Seth and Horus were often shown together crowning the new pharaohs, as a symbol of their power over both Lower and Upper Egypt.
If Set' ears are fins, as some have interpreted, the head of the Set-animal resembles the Oxyrhynchus fish, and so it was said that as a final precaution, an Oxyrhynchus fish ate Osiris' penis. He is a hunter by nature and well equipped
to live off of the land. Set is said to be a god of
drunkeness and war. Followers of Set can be assured
that their enemies are his enemies and he will do
everything in his power to destroy them.
The Greeks later linked Set with Typhon because both were evil forces, storm deities and sons of the Earth that attacked the main gods.
Nevertheless, throughout this period, in some outlying regions of Egypt Set was still regarded as the heroic chief deity

Hermes Trismegistus
 

As is Above,

 So is Below

 
The sculpture of Mercury (Hermes) by Giambologna is one of his most famous and is familiar to people all over the world. It depicts Hermes standing on a column of air coming from the mouth of Zephyr, creating an illusion of floating.

One of the epithets of Hermes was Hermes Trismegistus, combining Hermes and Thoth (his Egyptian analog).

The modern medical symbol, a staff with two coiled snakes is derived from the caduceus (magical wand) of Hermes. The reason for this may be due to Hermes' link with alchemy - and alchemy's later blending into early medical practice.
Egyptian bronze and gilt wood ibis

Thoth is often depicted with the head of an ibis, or as a baboon.Thoth as a baboon It is thought that the ibis bird was associated with the moon because of its crescent shaped beak, and the baboon is nocturnal animal which has the peculiar habit of chattering at the sun every day before going to sleep.

Lord of the Techno-apes

The Graeco- Roman mythology identified him with Hermes or Mercury. He was reputed to be the inventor of writing, the patron deity of learning, the scribe of the gods, in which capacity he is represented signing the sentences on the souls of the dead." Some recent writers have supposed that Hermes was the symbol of Divine Intelligence and the primitive type of Plato's " Logos." Manetho, the Egyptian priest, as quoted by Syncellus, distinguishes three beings who were callcd Hermes by the Egyptians. The first, or Hermes Trismegistus, had, before the deluge, inscribed the history of all the sciences on pillars; the second, the son of Agathodemon, translated the precepts of the first; and the third, who is supposed to be synonymous with Thoth, was the counsellor of Osiris and Isis. But these three were in later ages confounded and fused into one, known as Hermes Trismegistus. He was always understood by the philosophers to symbolize the birth, the progress, and the perfection of human sciences. He was thus considered as a type of the Supreme Being. Through him man was elevated and put into communication with the gods.

The Alchemists adopted him as their patron which resulted in alchemy being called the Hermetic science, from which we get Hermetic Masonry and Hermetic Rites.

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