are recorded and played on the radio during the
period leading up to Carnival. They are generally
performed by male vocalists accompanied by
cavaquinho and a large
bateria (percussion group) producing a dense,
complex texture known as
batucada. They heavily emphasize the second
count of the measure driven by the bass notes of the
baterias have provided inspiration for the
formation of percussion groups around the world,
especially in Western countries. These groups
generally do not use vocals or cavaquinho, focusing
instead on percussion grooves and numerous breaks.
These groups operate year round, unlike in Brazil
where activity is now confined to the months
Usually played by a set of percussion
tamborim) and accompanied by
violão, partido alto is commonly divided in two
parts, a chorus and the verses. Partideiros (partido
alto musicians) often improvise on the verses, with disputes
being common, and highly skilled improvisors have made their
fame and career on samba, as
Zeca Pagodinho, who is not only a great overall sambista
but one of the best improvisors.
Famous partido alto artists include
Candeia, Jovelina Pérola Negra,
Grupo Fundo de Quintal,
Zeca Pagodinho, and
Bezerra da Silva.
(from Greek ἀποθεόω "to deify"), deification
or divinization is the
glorification of an individual to a
At the height of imperial cult
worship during the
Roman Empire, sometimes the
emperor's deceased loved ones--heirs, empresses,
or lovers--were deified as well. Deified people were
awarded posthumously with the prefix Divus (Diva
if women) to their names to signify their divinity.
painted Apotheosis of the Dollar in 1965.
HOW TO name="GET_THERE_">GET THERE
GUIDE TO THE PARADE
GROUNDS - SAMBADROME
Professor Darcy Ribeiro parade grounds are situated in Rua Marquês
de Sapucaí, Cidade Nova. That is, the parade begins at Avenida
Presidente Vargas, near Praça Quinze, and ends in Rua Frei Caneca.
Even vs. Odd Sectors
determines best Subway Stop
For optimal pre-planning
you can map your route to the Sambódromo by your seating sector.
EVEN NUMBERED SECTORS
If the relevant sector is 2, 4 or 6, there are the following options:
Taxi – pre-determined taxi companies serve the even sectors and
there is plenty of information about them during carnival. There is a
tariff to leave the Sambódromo and the taximeter or an agreement with the
passenger settles the journey to the Sambódromo.
Subway – it goes uninterruptedly everyday to 11 pm of Tuesday, the
last day of carnival, at 10 minute intervals during the night. The getting
off stop is always Praça Onze station, no matter where from. Once outside
the station, turn twice to your right and then walk straight ahead to
Sector 2. For
Sectors 4 and 6, turn on Rua Carmo Neto and walk on to Av. Salvador de Sá.
The Sambódromo can soon be seen and several signs show the entrance to the
ODD NUMBERED SECTORS
As for sectors 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 11 and 13, the options are:
Taxi – special companies serve the odd numbered sectors as well,
with fixed tariff. In any case, ordinary taxicabs take passengers to the
Sambódromo charging what the taximeter shows or what has been agreed upon.
For those who come from zona sul, the best route is through Santa Bárbara
tunnel, and for those from zona norte via Rua Itapiru. In both cases the
taxicab must go over Viaduto São Sebastião, which runs parallel to the
Sambódromo. Right away the signs to the entrances of the different sectors
can be seen. Remember to ask to cost in advance or be subject to special
event pricing. There are two taxi
companies which have arranged for curbside service to your own sector.
Coopatur - Tel: 2573-1009 / 2560-1009
Coopertramo - Tel: 2560-2022/2560-1474
Subway – either from zona norte or zona sul, the getting off stop
is Central. From there, walk to the Sambódromo, a long stretch of
approximately 700 meters, going past the schools’ allegorical cars and the
Terreirão do Samba.
Bus – coming from zona sul or zona norte, it is important to make
sure that the bus is going over Viaduto São Sebastião, as many lines
change the itinerary during carnival.
During the parade there is not a good
way to get from one side of the stadium to the other so plan
At most two 500ml plastic containers with beverages and two items of food,
such as fruit and/or sandwich. Objects made of polystyrene, bottles,
glasses, firecrackers and fireworks are strictly forbidden. A discardable
raincoat should be considered for the eventuality of a summer shower.
Umbrellas are frowned upon as they interfere with other people’s view of
At the Sambódromo there are shops and fast food kiosks in all sectors.
CAMERAS: You can take any type
of still camera or normal video cameras however professional video
cameras are not allowed. While there is excellent security inside the
sambodromo, until you are safe in
you seat it is best to not attract attention with expensive equipment
since this is a very crowded area and outside the security is another
DAYBREAK: There are 12 samba schools from
the 'special group' to perform. The first night, Sunday ,
6 of these schools
perform at the Sambodromo - Samba Parade Ground . Each of them has from 70
to 85 minutes to perform, and the parade finishes at the 'Praça da Apoteose'
,the M shaped structure at the end of the avenue. Even with the reduction in
2008 to 12 samba school, or 6 on each night instead of 7, it is not
unusual for the final school to parade at daybreak. This has apparently
served the most winning school of the millennium well thus far as they
are generally the last school to perform and while their fireworks are
not as impressive there is something intangible about the sunrise that
may be making a difference. Some people will arrive on the late side for
this reason, sp the venue stays packed well pas midnight.
The most coveted position where the celebrities wearing Brahma beer
T-shirts are photographed. Each box has a total of twelve seats, and
they can be joined in multiples of twelve.
Private spaces rentable for the whole festivities, including the
Champions’ Saturday, subdivided in:
Special Boxes – Four buildings between sectors 3, 5, 7 and 9 holding up to
20 spectators in A Boxes and 18 in B Boxes, in a total of 40 boxes holding
up to 760 spectators.
Boxes in sectors 3, 5, 7, 9, 11 and 4 – 24 boxes per sector, in a total of
144 boxes holding up to 1,728 spectators.
Boxes in Sector 2 – Three stories containing boxes A, B and C, each box
holding 12 spectators. the three stories adding to a total of 292 boxes
for 3,504 spectators.
Daily capacity of boxes – 5,992 spectators
Uncovered boxes with walls and chairs for six occupants each, in sectors
3, 5, 7, 9, 11 and 4, in a total of 1,088 holding up to 6,528 spectators.
These rows of "frisas" are open boxes, each set of 6 has a small table.
They are as close to the runway as it gets.
4,220 chairs are placed on steps in sectors 6 and 13. Of these, 285 are
for paraplegics and 240 for their escorts.
Grandstands or bleachers
TIERS OF SEATS
There aren't actual chairs to sit on - the bleachers are not much more
than big concrete steps.
Uncovered spaces up to 15,80 m high, reached by stairs.
Sectors 3, 4, 5, 7, 9 and 11, each sitting 2,900 spectators, with the
exception of Sector 9 whose numbered seats hold up to 2,306 spectators, in
a total of 16,804 spectators. Standard bleachers do not have
numbered seats EXCEPT for the VIP bleachers of Sectors 9 and 11
POPULAR TIERS OF SEATS
the most reasonably priced seats
Sector 1 – in the area where the schools organize themselves for the
parade; Sectors 6 and 13 – at Praça da Apoteose from where the end of the
parade can be seen. Sector 1 holds up to 6,500 spectators and Sectors 6
and 13 up to 9,600 each, in a total of 25,700 spectators.
& History of Sambodromo
"harmony, grace and
elegance are the adjectives that are most appropriate to describe
the work of Oscar Niemeyer
Niteroi Museum also designed by Oscar Niemeyer
The Sambadrome was designed by world famous architect Oscar Niemeyer.
It ends at the Apotheosis Square, that is crowned by a large
M in concrete. (The Sambodromo M and the M's in the Carnaval logo are
merely chance.) Marques de Sapucaí was the street chosen by Vice-Governor
Darcy Ribeiro and its connection with the samba predates this stucture as
Praça XI is recognized as the birthplace of the Brazilian beat. The
structure was officially named Passarela do Samba Darcy Ribeiro which may
have to do with the fact that the street Marques de Sapucaí was chosen by
Vice-Governor Darcy Ribeiro for the
structure which was inaugurated on March 2, 1984.
The structure is 700 meters in length with a
capacity for 88,500 people. It
is made from
pieces of pre-cast concrete.
Building entirely with pre-fabricated materials, it
took the Sambadrome
only 4 months to be built.
is a small carnival museum at the Sambódromo which is located downtown on Rua Marques de
The Museum is free of charge and is open from 11 to 5
Tuesday to Sunday. The entrance is on Rua Frei Caneca. The staff is
bilingual and quite informative.
Sector 9 tends to be used
primarily by tourists who leave after 3 or 4 samba schools. While
its nice to not worry about losing your seat since this and Sector
11 are the only
bleacher section with numbered seats you will not get the full
experience of being lifted up by the crowd surrounding you cheering the parade.
A school must take at least 65
min and 80 min for maximum cross the famous "bridge of the
samba." A slow start can make for a frantic finish as
the school rushes to avoid a penalty, which can make all the
difference where places are decided by 1/10's of a point.
|The Baterias made up of
over 300 percussionists begin the parade and then tuck into
a niche and allow the rest of the parade to dance past.
This space in the runway is between Sector 9 and 11. If you
seek a peak in the high intensity of vibration of percussion
then the front boxes in front of Sector 4 are located just
opposite, offering the best acoustics and full view of their
performance. Sector 11 also offers great acoustics and hot