About 21 miles (36 Km) due east of Nova Petrolis is Brazil's famous exclusive mountain resort. The 825m elevation keeps Gramado cool during the summer and like the region is chilly during the winter. The tourist office in the centr of twon at Av. Borges de Medeiros 1674 (daily till 9pm) is "extremely well organized and provides several excellent maps and comprehensive lists" The well-to do argentines, Uruguayans, Paulistas and gauchos appreciate its many excellent restaurants, cheerful gardens and Swiss village architecture. Hydrangas are the featured flowers and they line the roads.
The hotel network in Gramado brings countless options for all tastes
and budgets. In the gastronomy sector, the scene isn’t different,
highlighting the restaurants serving typical Italian and German food.
Canela is another 5 miles (8km) further east and it is a less developed version of Gramado and closer to the Parque Estadual do Caracol and its famous falls and deep canyon
|Name||Rooms||Daily Rates (R$)||Telephone||Fax|
|Pousada da Serra
|Pousada do Vale
|Villa Bella Gramado
Nova Petrópolis About
100 km north Porto Alegre and
German is still largely spoken. There are many Swiss chalet type
structures as a result of the official attempts to promote building in
the German character. As might be expected their festivals star their
Ockoberfest on weekends in in October. Also there is the Festa de
Verao on weekends during Jan & Feb and Festa do Folkore on
weekend in July. All the events are held in the Parque do Imigrante
which also features a historic village from the turn of the century and
a helpful tourist office at the entrance (open daily till 6pm).
|Cambará do Sul|
|Cambará do Sul is a very simple city,
but extremely hospitable. The installations offered by local hotels and
inns are not luxurious, but they offer a cozy and comfortable stay. For
those wishing to visit the canyons’ low part, the best city for
lodging is Praia Grande, 38 km (24 miles) away, in Santa Catarina. The
city’s restaurants and snack bars are always waiting for visitors that
come to the area to visit the grand canyons. There are not many options,
but the service is high quality.
Main access roads:
- Starting from Porto Alegre: BR-101 and RS-020
- Starting from Florianópolis: BR-101
Its lands, which until than had been inhabited by three native groups —Gê or Tapuia, Pampeano and Guarani— began to be occupied after 1610, a period that also marked the start of a series of conflicts and revolutions that were to last at least three hundred years, until the beginning of the twentieth century.
In the struggle for land, the Indians and the bandits took up arms and became involved in various disputes. With the aim of civilizing and converting the Indians, the Spanish Jesuits gathered together several tribes and created seven townships, the so called Seven Townships of the Missões, in the western part of the state. Nowadays this is a major tourist attraction, with ruins designated by UNESCO as a heritage site. Whilst seven townships were formed in the west, the Portuguese occupied the coastal strip and in 1680 created the colony of Sacramento on the banks of the River Plate, the present day city of Colonia in Uruguay. Organized by the Jesuits, the colony became one of the focuses of border wars that were waged between the Portuguese and the Spanish during the eighteenth century.
In addition to conflicts between the Indians and bandits over the possession of land, and between the Spanish and Portuguese for supremacy of the River Plate basin, other struggles took place in the area now occupied by Rio Grande do Sul. Between 1835 and 1845, the state was the battleground during the Farroupilha Revolution, with separatist ideals uniting the republican liberals against the imperial government. After some years of truce another war began in 1893, the Federalist Revolution between two political factions - on one side the Republican Party, led by Júlio Castilhos, with followers known as "chimangos", presidential supporters who were identified by their use of white handkerchiefs; and on the other side, the liberals and parliamentarians, commanded by Gaspar Silveira Martins, whose symbol was red handkerchiefs. Although it lasted less than two years, this conflict left behind unfinished business that led to the other revolution in 1923. It was only after 1928 that peace came to the state, during the Government of Getúlio Vargas, later to become President of Brazil.
In the midst of the conflicts, waves of immigrants began to arrive in Rio Grand do Sul. First came the Germans who established themselves in the Vale do Rio dos Sinos, close to Porto Alegre, the state capital; then came the Italians who headed towards the mountain ridges and the towns of Caxias do Sul, Flores da Cunha, Bento Gonçalves and Garibaldi where they planted vines and started producing wine.
Porto Alegre Hotels
Cambará do Sul
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