Brazil Festivals
Brazil Festivals
Carnaval.com  presents
Carnaval.com  presents

National Holidays for Brazi & Calendar
Holidays for Rio, Sao Paulo, Recife & Brazilia by USA state.gov
New Year's Day, Jan. 1
Epiphany, Jan. 6
Carnaval, week preceding Ash Wednesday in February or March
Good Friday (date varies)
Easter (date varies)
Tiradentes Day, Apr. 21
Commemorates the execution of national hero Joaquim José da Silva Xavier, a conspirator in the 1789 revolt against the Portuguese. Xavier, a dentist by trade, was nicknamed Tiradentes, or tooth-puller.
Labor Day, May 1
Corpus Christi (May or June)
Independence Day, Sept. 7
Anniversary of declaration of independence from Portugal by Dom Pedro II in 1822
Our Lady of Aparecida Day, Oct. 12
All Souls Day, Nov. 1
Declaration of the Republic Day, Nov. 15
Anniversary of the proclamation of 1889 which removed Dom Pedro from power.
Christmas, Dec. 25

 

State Flags 
of 
Brazil 
Bandeira do Brasil
AC
Acre
Bandeira do Acre
 
AL
Alagoas
Bandeira de Alagoas
Second Thursday in January Senhor Bom Jesus dos Navegantes Penedo Alagoas
AM
Amazonas
Bandeira do Amazonas
Parintins Folklore Festival – State of Amazonas
In the heart of Amazônia, in Parintins, there a competition between Caprichoso and Garantido, the city’s most famous bois-bumbás. The oxen are characters of a dramatic dance from the Christmas season, in which one of them dies and resuscitates later. The city is painted blue (Caprichoso) and red (Garantido), dividing the crowd of 100 thousand people who go to the Bumbódromo every year. Floats, costumes and fireworks complement the party,
WHEN: the second half of June, and lasts three days. carnaval.com/boibumba/
Heart and Soul of Amazonas
http://www.culturamazonas.am.gov.br
AP
Amapá
Bandeira do Amapá
 
BA
Bahia
Bandeira da Bahia
Jan 1 - Procissão de Senhor Bom Jesus dos Navegantes Salvador Bahia
January 24 - February 2 NS de Nazaré - Nazaré Bahia
Feb 2 -Festa de Iemanjá - Salvador, Bahia
February or March Lavagem da Igreja de Itapoã - Itapoã, Bahia

Mid August Festa da NS de Boa Morte -  Cachoeira, Bahia
Second half of October NS do Rosário
  - Cachoeira Bahia
November  NS do Ajuda NS do Ajuda
carnaval.com/bahia/events
CE

Ceará

Bandeira do Ceará
July Regata de Jangadas Dragão do Mar - Fortaleza, Ceará

August 15 Festa de Iemanjá - Fortaleza, Ceará

DF
Distrito Federal
Bandeira do Distrito Federal
Brasilia, a capital created ex nihilo in the centre of the country in 1956, was a landmark in the history of town planning. Urban planner Lucio Costa and architect Oscar Niemeyer intended that every element – from the layout of the residential and administrative districts (often compared to the shape of a bird in flight) to the symmetry of the buildings themselves – should be in harmony with the city's overall design. The official buildings, in particular, are innovative and imaginative.
 
ES
Espírito Santo
Bandeira do Espírito Santo
 
GO
Goiás
Bandeira de Goiás
Festa do Divino Espírito Santo, or Ascension, - Pirenópolis, Goïás
The celebrations of the  include the commemoration of the medieval victory of Iberian Christian knights over the Moors. An historic town, Pirenópolis preserves its colonial architecture in churches and civil buildings.
WHEN: Forty days after Easter

Goiás is a testament to the occupation and colonisation of the lands of central Brazil in the 18th and 19th centuries. The urban layout is an example of the organic development of a mining town, adapted to the conditions of the site. Although modest, both public and private architecture form a harmonious whole, thanks to the coherent use of local materials and vernacular techniques.

MA
Maranhão
Bandeira do Maranhão
Once a year São Luis, the state capital of Maranhão, stages a festival dedicated to the established Brazilian folk tradition of Bumba Meu-Boi, a popular folk tale reenacted through Brazilian dance. People dancing in ox costumes provides a great source of amusement for the crowds who take any opportunity to boisterously share their though as Brazilians often do.
WHEN: The month-long celebrations also coincide with the religious celebrations of Saint Anthony (13 June), St John (24 June) and St Peter (28 June)
MG
Minas Gerais
Bandeira de Minas Gerais
September Cavalhada - Caeté, Minas Gerais
MS
Mato Grosso do Sul
Bandeira de Mato Grosso do Sul
 
MT
Mato Grosso
Bandeira de Mato Grosso
 
PA
Pará
Bandeira do Pará
Nazareth Candle – Círio de Nazaré
Belém, State of Pará

The city’s largest party, Círio de Nazaré (link para o texto sobre Círio de Nazaré) is a homage to Our Lady of Nazareth, patron of the State of Pará. It gathers approximately 1.5 million believers in a procession through the city to the Nazareth Basilica. In the procession, the Saint’s image is conducted on a platform, with a long cord attached to it. Thousands of people compete to earn the privilege of holding the cord as a way of showing gratitude for the blessings.The people”s devotion, something that touches the whole world. The Our Lady of Nazareth procession, considered to be the largest in the Catholic world.
WHEN: The event is held yearly, always on the second Sunday of October. The festivity lasts 15 days and ends with the Recírio procession, on Monday, which carries the replica of Our Lady of Nazarrthto the chapel next to the Basilica.
More info: ciriodenazare.com.br (official site)

December 8 Festa de Iemanjá Belem Parã
Belém City Hallwww.belem.pa.gov.br

PARATUR www.paratur.pa.gov.br

PB
Paraíba
Bandeira da Paraíba
June Parties (Festa Junina)
In Campina Grande, State of Paraíba, this festivity is enlivened by the forro-pé-de-serra and the square dance – the typical rhythm from the Northeast and one of the several types of dances in the country. The Party gathers thousands of people and has won the title of the “Greatest São João in the World”. Its name is in honor of Saint John’s Day, June 24th, one of the most important festivities of the June circuit. The People’s Park becomes an enormous outdoor ballroom, where one can also find typical foods and arts and crafts.
WHEN: All of June [more]
December 8 Festa de Iemanjá  - João Pessoa, Paraíba
PE
Pernambuco
Bandeira de Pernambuco
Mid April Drama da Paixão de Cristo - Brejo da Madre de Cristo, Pernambuco

June Parties (Festa Junina)
Also in the interior of the Northeast and competing with Campina Grande is the city of Caruaru. There, northeastern rhythms like forro, xote, and baião attract approximately one million people to the Caruaru Party. There is also presentation of square dancers, floats and folklore groups, while fireworks illuminate the sky. There are kiosks of typical foods and arts and crafts spread around the city, and there is also a meter-high bonfire marking the last day of festivity.
WHEN: Take the Forro train from Recife but first enjoy the celebration in Recife the last 3 weeks of June
September Festival de Cirandas - Itamaracá, Pernambuco
[more at our Festivals of Pernambuco page]

PI
Piauí
Bandeira do Piauí
 
PR
Paraná
Bandeira do Paraná
 
RJ
Rio de Janeiro
Bandeira do Rio de Janeiro
New Year in Copacabana – Festa de Iemanjá - City of Rio de Janeiro
The most famous New Year’s Eve party in the world gathers millions of people along Copacabana Beach. Coming from all parts of Brazil and from other countries, people usually dress in white to celebrate the beginning of the New Year, to watch the fireworks and to perform private rituals for passing from one year to the next. Some people offer flowers to Iemanjá, believed to be the queen of the sea; some jump seven waves in order to have a good year, among other things. The celebrations start in the evening of December 31st, with many musical shows, and only end at sunrise.  For the 2005  New Year's rituals the the Umbanda Association in Rio de Janeiro moved its celebration forward to December 29th. Nearly 5,000 people celebrants dressed in white performing centuries-old rituals flooded Copacabana beach, bearing offerings of flowers and gifts for Yemanja. Even so, Candomble is so much a part of New Year that most Brazilians, believers or not, wear white on New Year's.
January 1 - 20 Folia de Reis - Parati
September 8 Festa de Nossa Senhora dos Remédios - Parati

 
 
Igreja Matriz Nossa Senhora dos Remédios, Parati,
the ten-day Festa do Divino Espírito Santo festival by crowning an Emperor, distributing food amongst the poor and giving sweets to children, along with processions, masses, dancing and music. On the days leading up to Pentecost the celebrants start off from the Igreja da Matriz de Nossa Senhora de Remédios and proceed to the festeiro's [festival leader] house. On the days leading up to Pentecost the celebrants start off from the Igreja da Matriz de Nossa Senhora de Remédios and proceed to the festeiro's house. On Pentecost Sunday there is another musical fanfare at dawn, a procession and mass, celebrated by the Bishop of the Diocese, as well as the symbolic releasing of a prisoner from the old prison. There are sweets and games for the children at the festeiro's hous
 
When:May
RN
Rio Grande do Norte
Bandeira do Rio Grande do Norte
Feb Grande Vaquejada do Nordeste - Natal, Rio Grande do Norte
RO
Rondônia
Bandeira de Rondônia
 
RR
Roraima
Bandeira de Roraima
 
RS
Rio Grande do Sul
Bandeira do Rio Grande do Sul
Gramado Cinema Festival
At the top of the Gaúcha Mountain Range, Gramado has a cinematographic scenery, with its beautiful landscape. In Gramado, national and Latin-American films are proudly exhibited. The winners take the Kikito – a city symbol trophy – that represents the God of Good Humour.
WHEN:The event always happens in August and lasts 6 days.
More Info: festcinegramado.com.br (official site)
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SC
Santa Catarina
Bandeira de Santa Catarina
Oktoberfest
The country’s largest German party, the Oktoberfest receives hundreds of thousands of people that consume and celebrate. Blumenau, a city of German colonization, becomes the main destination in Santa Catarina during the WHEN: two weeks in October
SE
Sergipe
Bandeira de Sergipe
 
SP
São Paulo
Bandeira de São Paulo
São Paulo International Film Festival
This festival, in 2006 is the 30th edition Nearly 350 films (approximately 300 feature films), from more than 50 different countries
WHEN:The event starts in the second half of October and continues for two weeks
More Info: www2.uol.com.br/mostra/ (official site) English & Portuguese

Brazilian Formula 1 Grand Prix
The only GP in South America attracts racing fans from all over the country and the world to the racing circuit at Interlagos, in the city of São Paulo.
WHEN: traditionally held in the months of March or April.
More Info: www.gpbrazil.com/pt/

October 12 Festa de NS Aparecida - Aparecida, São Paulo

TO
Tocantins
Bandeira de Tocantins
 

Rio de Janeiro laying claim to world's largest New Year's Eve party.

For the 2005 New Year's the "marvelous" City fired off 150 metric tons of fireworks and turned loose dozens of bands and DJs to entertain 2.5 million revelers on Copacabana Beach. 
``I've been to London, Paris, but this is the biggest party in the world,'' Clifton said as he strolled on Copacabana Beach with three friends on Dec. 28, two hours after stepping off a packed British Airways Boeing 747 following a 13-hour flight. ``Nor can we forget that we're expecting eight inches of snow at home.'' said Andy Clifton, a 48-year- old British doctor, to Bloomberg News

With officials expecting an additional 1.3 million partygoers at eight other sites throughout the city, the estimated crowd of almost 4 million would outstrip the Guinness Book's record for a New Year's party: a three-way tie at 3 million people between New York, London and Rio in 2000. For the 2005 festivities over 116,000 foreigners  and 464,000 visitors from other parts of Brazil are expected to join in with the local population of Cariocas.

Largest Cities in Brazil
2005

Rk
Cities
Pop.
1
Sao Paulo
10,009,000
2
Rio de Janeiro
5,613,000
3
Salvador
2,331,000
4
Belo Horizonte
2,154,000
5
Fortaleza
2,139,000
6
BRASILIA
2,016,000
7
Curitiba
1,618,000
8
Recife
1,388,000
9
Porto Alegre
1,321,000
10
Manaus
1,285,000
11
Belém
1,200,000
12
Guarulhos
1,134,000
13
Goiânia
1,073,000
14
Campinas
962,000
15
Sao Gonçalo
880,000
16
Nova Iguaçu
873,000
17
Sao Luís
855,000
18
Maceió
806,000
19
Duque de Caxias
756,000
20
Sao Bernardo do Campo
742,000
21
Teresina
703,000
22
Natal
699,000
23
Osasco
671,000
24
Campo Grande
665,000
25
Santo André
631,000
26
Joao Pessoa
594,000
27
Jaboatao dos Guarapes
567,000
28
Contagem
529,000
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