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The 2014 FIFA World Cup will be the 20th FIFA World Cup, and will be held in Brazil.[1] It was scheduled to take place in South America and Brazil was selected to host the competition on 30 October 2007
Rio to Sao-Paulo_High-speed_rail The high-speed line is expected to be operational by 2014, in time for the 20th FIFA World Cup to be held in Brazil.[3], at a cost of $9 billion

Rio de Janeiro created a new perspective and set new milestones for the Pan American Games. Considered to be an Olympic-level organized competition, these 2007 Games were the most expensive in the history of the event, with a budget of 2 billion dollars. Media outlets reported unprecedented audience interest in the Games, with the highest public attendance and largest television audience in the Pan American history.

Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva
 Brazil's current president, Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva. a founding member of the Workers' Party (Partido dos Trabalhadores). Lula was first elected with 61% of the votes and took office on January 1, 2003.  Lula has a pragmatic foreign policy, seeing himself as a negotiator, not an ideologue. As a result, he has befriended both Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez and U.S. President George Bush. Leading a large and competitive agricultural nation, Lula generally opposes and criticizes farm subsidies
Amazon deforestation went down this past year, for the third year in a row. Between 2006 and 2007, 11,223 sq km (4,333 sq miles) of forest went down, 20% less than what was registered in 2005-2006.
Abstinence, be faithful, use a condom, also known as the ABC strategy or abstinence-plus sex education, also known as abstinence-based sex education, is a sex education policy based on harm reduction which modifies the approach of abstinence-only sex education by including education about safe sex and birth control methods. The ABC approach was developed in response to the growing epidemic of HIV/AIDS in Africa, and to prevent the spread of other sexually transmitted diseases.

Abortion in Brazil Some bishops in France and Brazil have nevertheless argued that another canon, called canon 1324, could be used to annul the excommunication because it was an extreme case of incestual rape. This is the same canon which was previously used to annul the excommunication of the four bishops of the Society of Saint Pius X. It reads : The penalty prescribed in the law or precept must be diminished if one who was compelled by grave fear."

 Brazilian television networks  & 24-hour television news channels
Used from 2005 to the present
 Globo Internacional 4th largest media network in the world and the main media outlet for Brazil Carnaval
Brazil was a colony of Portugal from its discovery by Pedro Álvares Cabral in 1500 until its independence in 1822.
 Constitution defines Brazil as a Federative Republic.[2] The Federation is formed by the indissoluble association of the States, the Federal District, and the Municipalities.[2] There are currently 26 States and 5,564 Municipalities.[5]

Brazil is the world's 8th largest economy in terms of purchasing power and the 10th largest economy at market exchange rates

Link List

Galeão (Int'l)
Embassy of Brazil in London
Brazil's Largest Cities by
22 towns and cities with more than half a million people. Some of them have many more. Some 15.2 million people live in the urban area around and including the city of São Paulo. For Rio de Janeiro, the figure is 9.6 million. Salvador, Bahia is 3rd largest.
(Portuguese) Rio Carnival News - O Globo

(Portuguese) Rio Carnival News - Jornal do Brasil

(Portuguese) Rio Carnival News - O Dia

(Portuguese) Rio Carnival News - UOL


NEWS from the
 Capital of Carnaval: BRAZIL

RIO 2016

"Our  time  has  come"
Lula addressing Olympic Games decision makers. [Above Macarena stadium]

"Our time has come. Among the 10 largest economies in the world, Brazil is the only country that has never hosted the Olympic and Paralympic Games.

"Among the countries that are now competing, we are the only ones that never had this opportunity. For us, this will not just be an Olympic Games. For us, it will be the opportunity to be equal.

High speed rail between Sao Paulo & Rio is to be completed for 2014 World Cup games


Lula has enjoyed remarkable success as a charismatic,  visionary and pragmatic leader. He is termed out as of 2011 and hopes to help pick his successor in this electin year.

"The doors of Brazil are open for the biggest party of humanity: the Olympic and Paralympic Games of Rio, one of the most beautiful and welcoming cities in the whole world. We need your support and vision for the future. Rio is ready.

"If you give us this opportunity, you will not regret it. And you can be sure that the games in Rio will be unforgettable, because they will be full of the passion, happiness and creativity of the Brazilian people.


"For South America, it will be a magical moment. For the Olympic movement, an opportunity to feel the warmth of our people, the exuberance of our culture, the sun of our happiness.

"And to send a clear message to the world: the Olympic Games belong to all people, to all continents, to the entire humanity.

"Looking at the five rings of the Olympic symbol, I see my country in them: a Brazil of men and women from all continents - Americans, Europeans, Africans, Asians, all proud of their origins and prouder of feeling Brazilian."

The other great capital of Carnaval is Bahia in Brazil's Northeast Region The musical styles are different in each carnival; in Bahia there are many rhythms, including samba, samba-reggae, axé, and others, which are performed on a truck equipped with giant speakers and a platform where musicians play called a Trio Elétrico. In Salvador, the early capital of the country as well as the most visited City after Rio massive numbers of people follow the trucks singing and dancing. The "Indian" groups were inspired by Western movies from the United States. The groups dress up as Native Americans and take on Native American names. Blocos Afros, or Afro groups, were influenced by the Black Pride Movement in the United States, independence movements in Africa, and reggae music that denounced racism and oppression. The groups inspired a renewed pride in African heritage.
BBC on Brazil

BBC Best Link: Music - Brasil, Brasil BBC Four's exploration offers a detailed account of the years in which Brazilian music has evolved and constantly changed, while capturing the global imagination. This is the music and modern history of Brazil includes an archive of rare performances and specially shot interviews with  musical legends. From current hot success Seu Jorge to touring legend Caetano Veloso
This is a BBC documentary can now be viewed on youtube

2008 Carnival Summit in France
The origins of carnival date back to the ancient Greek spring festival in honor of Dionysus, the god of wine and  ecstasy. The Romans later adopted the celebration to a Bacchanalia, with a greater emphasis on drunken revelry in honor of Bacchus, and mid-winter Saturnalia, where slaves and their masters would exchange clothes in a day of drunken revelry.

World Carnaval Capital of 2010 is Patras Greece hosting the 30th FECC Carnival City Congress - 29th May - 6th June 2010
More info @

Carnaval & Church

Brazil has more Catholics than any other county

On the “sexual mores” front, Pope Benedict would apparently be supportive of  the Archbishop of Olinda and Recife in Brazil, José Cardoso Sobrinho, who announced the excommunication of the family of a nine-year-old girl who had been raped and impregnated with twins by her stepfather. 
Brazil’s abortion laws are among the strictest in Latin America. Only Chile, El Salvador and Nicaragua, which have banned abortion outright for any reason, are stricter.

"The law of God is above all human law," he said.  "Therefore, when a human law, meaning a law promulgated by human legislators, is contrary to the law of God, this human law has no value."

The family was to be excommunicated because they had chosen to have the girl undergo an abortion which, said the archbishop, was a “much more serious crime” than that of “killing an adult”. Archbishop Sobrinho then added to the storm of protest by saying that while the stepfather had allegedly carried out a "heinous act", excommunication did not automatically apply to him.

The storm intensified when a high-ranking Vatican official supported the excommunications. But then a conference of Brazilian bishops overruled Archbishop Sobrinho, saying that the child’s mother had acted “under pressure” from doctors who said the girl would die if she carried the babies to term, and that only doctors who “systematically” performed abortions should be thrown out of the church.

Finally, the Vatican’s top bioethics official, Archbishop Rino Fisichella, also criticized the initial stance, saying the “credibility of our teaching took a blow as it appeared, in the eyes of many, to be insensitive, incomprehensible and lacking mercy.”

The Pope in March 2009 reignited the controversy over the Catholic church's stance on condom use as he made his first trip to Africa.
Pope Benedict XVI has criticised some harm reduction policies with regards to HIV/AIDS, saying that "if the soul is lacking, if Africans do not help one another, the scourge [of HIV] cannot be resolved by distributing condoms; quite the contrary, we risk worsening the problem"

It was not the only incident during the Pope's journey through Africa that received a lot of criticism. Earlier that week, on the plane to Cameroon, the Pope judged sexual abuse of women, but at the same time stated that abortion in the case of incest or rape, which is legal in 45 African countries, should not be an option.Vatican-Spiral.jpg

The European Commission, French foreign minister Bernard Kouchner, Belgian health minister Laurette Onkelinx and even Belgian cardinal Godfried Danneels were just some of the international figures to immediately rebut the pope’s theories on the use of condoms.

Abortion in Brazil
A recent development was a decree by the Health Ministry, stating that a police report of rape is enough to allow the public health system to perform abortion. This measure has faced strong opposition from religious groups, particularly the Roman Catholic Church.

Otherwise, in Brazil the punishment for a woman which performs an abortion on herself or consents to an abortion is one to three years.

Brazilian devotion to the Catholic Church has declined over the past several years. Whereasgod-zilla_ploermel.jpg Brazil was once an almost entirely Catholic nation, only 74% of Brazilians today admit allegiance to Rome, with large numbers, especially the urban poor, having defected to Protestant Evangelical sects. Many more water down their Catholicism with dashes of African religions such as Candomble or spiritist beliefs such as Kardecism

Brazilian public opinion supports the status quo, and the country's Congress last year voted overwhelmingly to reject a modest attempt at decriminalizing abortion. The advances that have taken place are mostly local initiatives carried out almost surreptitiously, such as the move by São Paulo states to offer the morning-after pill and heavily discounted contraceptive pills at state-run pharmacies.

Anibal Faundes, professor of obstetrics at the University of Campinas, says legal abortions - of which there were 3,053 between January and November in 2008 - are now carried out in around 500 hospitals in Brazil, mainly in Sao Paulo and the south-east of the country.

1 in 7 Brazilian women between the ages of 15 and 19 is a mother, and the average age at which women have their first child has fallen to 21, from 22.4 in 1996

Although abortion is illegal, an estimated 1 million women each year have one resulting in more than 200,000 women each year being treated in public hospitals for complications arising from illegal abortions, according to Health Ministry figures. Those who don't have the courage or the money to be treated take the pregnancy to term. Although the fertility rate has fallen considerably in Brazil (from 6.1 children in 1960 to about 2 today), 1 in 3 pregnancies is unwanted, according to Dr. Jefferson Drezett, head of the Hospital Perola Byington, Latin America's largest women's health clinic. Meanwhile, 1 in 7 Brazilian women between the ages of 15 and 19 is a mother, and the average age at which women have their first child has fallen to 21, from 22.4 in 1996, according to a government-funded study.

 "Brazil wants to be a world leader, but the government can't guarantee equality for women," says Beatriz Galli, of Ipas Brasil, an NGO that fights to give women more say over their health and reproductive rights."This is not a topic that anyone wants to debate."

Brazil's GDP growth of 5% for 2007 is very good news. While the US dollar continued it slide to all-time lows
Brazil emerged as the center of finance in Latin America.

Brazil - USA:

Most important oil discovery in years

The Brazilian government in late 2009 announced plans for the national oil company, Petrobras, to control all future development of the deep-sea fields discovered in 2007. This is a step back from more than a decade of close cooperation with foreign oil companies and more directly control the extraction itself.

The oil lies beneath about 20,000 feet of water, shifting sand, and a thick layer of salt. This so-called pre-salt region, stretching hundreds of miles, is the biggest oil reserve being developed in the world today. Full-scale production is not till 2020 and foreign companies are very much involved in projects, including the giant field, called Tupi,which with  between five billion and eight billion barrels, is the biggest single Western Hemisphere find in at least three decades. However, the President is leading a strong sentiment that the oil belongs to Brazil and the lion's share revenues should be reinvested in education and health care.

Petrobras has emerged as a global leader in the oil industry and is behind  Brazil producing 2.4 million barrels a day — just behind longtime oil power Venezuela. When it completes the first phase of its development on the deep oil field in about 5 years and $174 billion Brazil will be an oil exporter.

President Lula da Silva, with majority support in Congress is expected tr prevail


Amazon Forest Management
The Amazon represents 58.5% of the Brazilian territory. The Amazon rainforest holds the largest reserve of living organisms in the world. The precise number of species in it is not known, but scientists estimate a figure between 800 thousand and 5 million species – 15 to 30% of all known species in the world.

Clear ownership records exist for less than 4 percent of the land in private hands throughout the Brazilian Amazon, government officials said. Here in Pará, officials have discovered false titles for about 320 million acres, almost double the amount of land that actually exists, according to federal officials.

The problem began with the military dictatorship in the 1960s and 1970s, which invited settlers to occupy the Amazon but required them to clear forests to gain access to land and credit.

Growing criticism of Brazil’s Amazon policies pushed the civilian government of the 1980s to develop laws that, on paper at least, were among the world’s most protective of forests. But with scant presence of authorities to enforce them, the laws did little to stop the widespread grabbing of land.

“This chaos of legal insecurity was the most important basis for the perverse incentives in the Amazon to pillage rather than to preserve or to develop, and constant incitement to violence,” said Roberto Mangabeira Unger, the former minister for strategic affairs who helped develop the new land law.

Under the law, which applies to more than 150 million acres, the government will award plots up to 250 acres free to settlers.

Accounting for roughly half of tropical deforestation between 2000 and 2005, Brazil is the most important supply-side player when it comes to developing a climate framework that includes reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD). But Brazil's position on REDD contrasts with proposals put forth by other tropical forest countries, including the Coalition for Rainforest Nations, a negotiating block of 15 countries. President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva has created the Amazon Fund, which he seeks to finance to the tune of $21 billion through donations from industrialized countries, individuals, and private companies. But under the current design, the scheme would be somewhat akin to development aid rather than be part of a market with fungible carbon offsets, the market-based approach to REDD favored by most other players

2007 Pan American to 2014 World Cup

“2010 will be a year of planning, organization and periodical meetings with the International Olympic Committee that will deliver to Rio 2016 Organizing Committee a set of documents that actually constitute the base on which the project will be built, that is, the various technical manuals and the general schedule of the Games”, the president of Rio 2016 Organizing Committee Carlos Arthur Nuzman, explained.

Taking back the falvelas:
The police began 2010 by announcing plans to invade 40 of the most violent slums  before the 2014 soccer World Cup being held in Brazil, with the goal of establishing a permanent policing presence in communities now controlled by well-armed drug gangs. This includes Rocinha, the largest and most fortified of  slums where police seldom venture past entry points. Heavily armed gangs control hundreds of neighborhoods in Rio and are largely responsible for the metropolitan region’s having one of the highest murder rates in the hemisphere, at nearly 35 for every 100,000 residents.

Rio officials are adding 3,300 police officers this year, and at least 4,000 more in 2011 to Rio’s force of 45,000. Nearly all of the new officers will be employed as peacekeepers in the slums, Mr. Silviana said.Rio officials are adding 3,300 police officers this year, and at least 4,000 more in 2011 to Rio’s force of 45,000. Nearly all of the new officers will be employed as peacekeepers in the slums, Mr. Silviana said. Occupying Rocinha and nearby Vidigal, which together have well over 100,000 residents, will be a much greater challenge. Rocinha is high on a hill that overlooks critical areas like the South Zone, São Conrado and Barra da Tijuca.

Once control of a falvela by a drug gang is broken a shadow paramilitary governments takes over. While the northern zone of Rio is engulfed in a feud between drug gangs, the western zone is increasingly dominated by these paramilitary groups who now control 88 favelas while the drug gangs' control has been reduced to 71."The current mayor of Rio, Eduardo Paes, campaigned on a platform which defended the power of the paramilitaries." As soon as the paramilitaries expel the drug gangs, they impose on the favelas a form of feudal system which strictly controls the population, and which is similar to that which Colombian paramilitaries inflict on areas they control. "They charge for security. Also for healthcare. Pirated cable TV costs 20 reais . At night there is a curfew," recounts a young woman from the Vila Sapé favela.



Chico Alencar, a Rio Congressman who campaigned for investigations into the massive overspending at the Pan Am Games. "The chronic problems that we have here are the same as they always were," Alencar said. "I want Rio to win the right to host the games, but we need to learn from our past mistakes and the myth of the Pan American Games and all that they didn't leave behind. If we get the Olympics, then all sectors of society need to unite to ensure that there is a social legacy and no overspending."

More worrying still is that lessons appear not to
have been learned. Almost two years after Brazil was awarded the right to host the 2014 soccer World Cup, work has yet to start on its 12 stadiums. A proposed bullet train linking São Paulo and Rio is supposed to be operational in time for the tournament, but the official tender has not been issued yet, and even politicians are now admitting it could be late.

Brazil, which has won a record five World Cups, was awarded the right to host 2014 World Cup2014 FIFA World Cup bid logo tournament following the 2007 XV Pan American Games in Rio de Janeiro. As many as 12 Brazil Cities may participate while Macarena stadium in Rio will host the final.  The South American country hosted the competition once before, losing to Uruguay in the mythical 1950 final.

Hosting the 2014 World Cup is a key element in successfully hosting the Rio de Janeiro 2016 Olympics. The earlier deadline is being used for many large infrastructure projects including the bullet train between Sao Paulo and Rio.

Fast Facts


Brazil is the largest country in South America; shares common boundaries with every South American country except Chile and Ecuador
Rio de Janeiro became the capital of Brazil after the discovery of gold inland in 1763. In 1960 it lost its capital city status to Brasilia.
Brazil visitors looking for value like  leather goods, shoes, gems, music, traditional handcrafts, lace, embroidery, and artifacts from Brazil’s indigenous tribes. 
The Atlantic Ocean stretches along Brazil’s Eastern side, up to a total of 7,367 km (approx. 4,604 mi) of coastline.
Its population is concentrated along the Atlantic coastline of the Northeastern and Southeastern regions. 50% of the industrial output is located in the Southeastern state of São Paulo. Most of Brazil's population (81.2%) now lives in cities
Brazil has the biggest black population of any country outside Nigeria.
Over 10 million African slaves were shipped to Brazil, six times more than to the United States.
About 54 percent (95 million) are mainly of European origin, descendants of immigrants from Portugal, Italy, Spain, Germany and Eastern Europe. More than 45 percent (80 million) are black or of mixed-race, a legacy of the African slave trade. Less than 1 percent (700,000) are from indigenous groups, mostly Indians in the Amazon region; smaller numbers of Japanese, other Asians, and Arabs live in the larger Brazilian cities.
The rhythm Brazil is best known for, is samba.
Nowadays, most Brazilians from the south are descendants of the European immigrants who settled in the late 19th century.
Mail from Brazil is quick and efficient. Post offices (correios) are found everywhere, readily identifiable by the blue-and-yellow sign
When writing addresses in Brazil, the street number follows the name of the street (so the address "Av. Atlântica 2000" would roughly translate as "2000 Atlantic Ave."). Often in smaller towns or beachfront communities, a street name will be followed by the abbreviation "s/n." This stands for sem numero (without number)
Tipping -- A 10% service charge is automatically included on most restaurant and hotel bills and you are not expected to tip on top of this amount. If service has been particularly bad you can request to have the 10% removed from your bill. Taxi drivers do not get tipped; just round up the amount to facilitate change. Hairdressers and beauticians usually receive a 10% tip. Bellboys get tipped R$1 to R$2 (US50¢-US$1/£.25-£.50) per bag. Room service usually includes the 10% service charge on the bill.
São Paulo is the third biggest city in the world, after Tokyo and Mexico City.
In Brazilian-Portuguese, "abobrinhas" is the art of talking shit. Or, as one blogger refers to it,"small talk; useless information, foolish chit-chat; non-sense; fluff." Little Pumpkins (the literal translation of "abobrinhas"
Brazil-U.S. Business Council
1615 H Street, NW Washington,  DC   20062
Phone: (202) 463-5485     Fax: (202) 463-3126 
Brazilian Consulates in USA

Permanent Mission of Brazil to the United Nations, New York

U.S.-Brazil Relations by [NYC Consulate]
Read an updated story of the birth of the Americas as salutes the capital of global Carnaval as they come into their own as a top ten country and a rival to the USA in influencing the new global culture of the 3rd millennium.
Isis Rising
The Story of Lent is the story of the merging of the two official religions of Rome, Mithraism and the cult of the Great Mother Goddess Cybele with the early Christian church to give us the Roman Catholic church. There are many who believe that the strongest ancient root of Carnaval is traced not to the Roman Winter solstice celebration of Saturnalia or even those of the wine god Dionysos or his later Occidental name of Bacchus but rather the Egyptian goddess Isis. Isis is known as the Goddess of 10,000 names and has a lot in common with Brazil's Iemanja.



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Currency Conversion
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Image:1realII 2.jpg

As of Carnaval 2009, the dollar is on the rise from its seven year low against the real following an all-time low in July of 2008. The Dollar is up 30% from Carnaval time last year or
 1 United States Dollars
are worth
2.30 Brazilian Reais

With the global economic collapse, tourism is down across the board in 2009. The 2009 Carnaval has struggled and while international visitors will be high, it may be down by as much as 30% from the record 705,000 tourists who visited Rio for Carnaval 2008.

After many years of decline, the dollar has continued a major climb timed with the ascendancy of USA President Barack Obama

Brazil on Jan 21, 2009 cut its basic interest rate by one percentage point to 12.75 percent to start "a process of flexibility to the country's monetary policy."  Despite the cuts, Brazil's real interest rate (interest rate minus inflation rate) is still the highest in the world. The country's inflation rate reached 5.9 percent in 2008.

 2009 - Brazilian Reals to 1 USD (invert)
Average Rates

January 2007

2.13757 BRL   (23 days average)

January 2008
1.77227 BRL   (23 days average)
January 2009
2.31155 BRL   (21 days average)
July 2009
1.93258 BRL   (23 days average)
November 2009
1.7284 BRL   (21 days average)
January 2010
1.76599 BRL   (17 days average)

At its introduction in June, 1994, the exchange rate of the real was close to par with the US dollar. Since then, it has fluctuated widely and at one point, in mid August, 2000, dropped as low as R$ 4.03 = USD$ 1.00.

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