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The 2014 FIFA World Cup will be the 20th FIFA World Cup, and will be held in Brazil.[1] It was scheduled to take place in South America and Brazil was selected to host the competition on 30 October 2007
Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva
 Brazil's current president, Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva. a founding member of the Workers' Party (Partido dos Trabalhadores). Lula was first elected with 61% of the votes and took office on January 1, 2003.  Lula has a pragmatic foreign policy, seeing himself as a negotiator, not an ideologue. As a result, he has befriended both Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez and U.S. President George Bush. Leading a large and competitive agricultural nation, Lula generally opposes and criticizes farm subsidies
Amazon deforestation went down this past year, for the third year in a row. Between 2006 and 2007, 11,223 sq km (4,333 sq miles) of forest went down, 20% less than what was registered in 2005-2006.
Abstinence, be faithful, use a condom, also known as the ABC strategy or abstinence-plus sex education, also known as abstinence-based sex education, is a sex education policy based on harm reduction which modifies the approach of abstinence-only sex education by including education about safe sex and birth control methods. The ABC approach was developed in response to the growing epidemic of HIV/AIDS in Africa, and to prevent the spread of other sexually transmitted diseases.

Abortion in Brazil Some bishops in France and Brazil have nevertheless argued that another canon, called canon 1324, could be used to annul the excommunication because it was an extreme case of incestual rape. This is the same canon which was previously used to annul the excommunication of the four bishops of the Society of Saint Pius X. It reads : The penalty prescribed in the law or precept must be diminished if one who was compelled by grave fear."

 Brazilian television networks  & 24-hour television news channels
Used from 2005 to the present
 Globo Internacional 4th largest media network in the world and the main media outlet for Brazil Carnaval
Brazil was a colony of Portugal from its discovery by Pedro Álvares Cabral in 1500 until its independence in 1822.
 Constitution defines Brazil as a Federative Republic.[2] The Federation is formed by the indissoluble association of the States, the Federal District, and the Municipalities.[2] There are currently 26 States and 5,564 Municipalities.[5]

Brazil is the world's 8th largest economy in terms of purchasing power and the 10th largest economy at market exchange rates

Link List

Galeão (Int'l)
Embassy of Brazil in London
Brazil's Largest Cities by
22 towns and cities with more than half a million people. Some of them have many more. Some 15.2 million people live in the urban area around and including the city of São Paulo. For Rio de Janeiro, the figure is 9.6 million. Salvador, Bahia is 3rd largest.
(Portuguese) Rio Carnival News - O Globo

(Portuguese) Rio Carnival News - Jornal do Brasil

(Portuguese) Rio Carnival News - O Dia

(Portuguese) Rio Carnival News - UOL


NEWS from the
 Capital of Carnaval: BRAZIL

"Our time has come"

Lula addressing Olympic Games decision makers. Above Macarena stadium

"Our time has come. Among the 10 largest economies in the world, Brazil is the only country that has never hosted the Olympic and Paralympic Games.

"Among the countries that are now competing, we are the only ones that never had this opportunity. For us, this will not just be an Olympic Games. For us, it will be the opportunity to be equal.

"The doors of Brazil are open for the biggest party of humanity: the Olympic and Paralympic Games of Rio, one of the most beautiful and welcoming cities in the whole world. We need your support and vision for the future. Rio is ready.

"If you give us this opportunity, you will not regret it. And you can be sure that the games in Rio will be unforgettable, because they will be full of the passion, happiness and creativity of the Brazilian people.


"For South America, it will be a magical moment. For the Olympic movement, an opportunity to feel the warmth of our people, the exuberance of our culture, the sun of our happiness.

"And to send a clear message to the world: the Olympic Games belong to all people, to all continents, to the entire humanity.

"Looking at the five rings of the Olympic symbol, I see my country in them: a Brazil of men and women from all continents - Americans, Europeans, Africans, Asians, all proud of their origins and prouder of feeling Brazilian."


The other great capital of Carnaval is Bahia in Brazil's Northeast Region The musical styles are different in each carnival; in Bahia there are many rhythms, including samba, samba-reggae, axé, and others, which are performed on a truck equipped with giant speakers and a platform where musicians play called a Trio Elétrico. In Salvador, the early capital of the country as well as the most visited City after Rio massive numbers of people follow the trucks singing and dancing. The "Indian" groups were inspired by Western movies from the United States. The groups dress up as Native Americans and take on Native American names. Blocos Afros, or Afro groups, were influenced by the Black Pride Movement in the United States, independence movements in Africa, and reggae music that denounced racism and oppression. The groups inspired a renewed pride in African heritage.
Globo International official coverage of Rio Carnaval
BBC on Brazil

BBC Best Link: Music - Brasil, Brasil BBC Four's exploration offers a detailed account of the years in which Brazilian music has evolved and constantly changed, while capturing the global imagination. This is the music and modern history of Brazil includes an archive of rare performances and specially shot interviews with  musical legends. From current hot success Seu Jorge to touring legend Caetano Veloso
This is a BBC documentary can now be viewed on youtube







2008 Carnival Summit in France
The 2008 Brazilian Carnivall article claims that like the Caribbean Carnival:
"The modern Brazilian Carnival finds its roots in Rio de Janeiro in the 1845s, when the city’s bourgeoisie imported the practice of holding balls and masquerade parties from Paris."
Ploerme in the heart of Brittany More information @

Carnaval & Church

Brazil has more Catholics than any other county

On the “sexual mores” front, Pope Benedict would apparently be supportive of  the Archbishop of Olinda and Recife in Brazil, José Cardoso Sobrinho, who announced the excommunication of the family of a nine-year-old girl who had been raped and impregnated with twins by her stepfather. 
Brazil’s abortion laws are among the strictest in Latin America. Only Chile, El Salvador and Nicaragua, which have banned abortion outright for any reason, are stricter.

"The law of God is above all human law," he said.  "Therefore, when a human law, meaning a law promulgated by human legislators, is contrary to the law of God, this human law has no value."

The family was to be excommunicated because they had chosen to have the girl undergo an abortion which, said the archbishop, was a “much more serious crime” than that of “killing an adult”. Archbishop Sobrinho then added to the storm of protest by saying that while the stepfather had allegedly carried out a "heinous act", excommunication did not automatically apply to him.

The storm intensified when a high-ranking Vatican official supported the excommunications. But then a conference of Brazilian bishops overruled Archbishop Sobrinho, saying that the child’s mother had acted “under pressure” from doctors who said the girl would die if she carried the babies to term, and that only doctors who “systematically” performed abortions should be thrown out of the church.

Finally, the Vatican’s top bioethics official, Archbishop Rino Fisichella, also criticized the initial stance, saying the “credibility of our teaching took a blow as it appeared, in the eyes of many, to be insensitive, incomprehensible and lacking mercy.”

The case has brought to light other instances of young girls being raped and impregnated by family members, especially in the poorer northeastern region.

The Pope in March 2009 reignited the controversy over the Catholic church's stance on condom use as he made his first trip to Africa.

Pope Benedict XVI has criticised some harm reduction policies with regards to HIV/AIDS, saying that "if the soul is lacking, if Africans do not help one another, the scourge [of HIV] cannot be resolved by distributing condoms; quite the contrary, we risk worsening the problem"

It was not the only incident during the Pope's journey through Africa that received a lot of criticism. Earlier this week, on the plane to Cameroon, the Pope judged sexual abuse of women, but at the same time stated that abortion in the case of incest or rape, which is legal in 45 African countries, should not be an option.god-zilla_ploermel.jpg

The European Commission, French foreign minister Bernard Kouchner, Belgian health minister Laurette Onkelinx and even Belgian cardinal Godfried Danneels were just some of the international figures to immediately rebut the pope’s theories on the use of condoms.

A recent development was a decree by the Health Ministry, stating that a police report of rape is enough to allow the public health system to perform abortion. This measure has faced strong opposition from religious groups, particularly the Roman Catholic Church.

Otherwise, in Brazil the punishment for a woman which performs an abortion on herself or consents to an abortion is one to three years.

Brazilian devotion to the Catholic Church has declined over the past several years. Whereas Brazil was once an almost entirely Catholic nation, only 74% of Brazilians today admit allegiance to Rome, with large numbers, especially the urban poor, having defected to Protestant Evangelical sects. Many more water down their Catholicism with dashes of African religions such as Candomble or spiritist beliefs such as Kardecism

Brazilian public opinion supports the status quo, and the country's Congress last year voted overwhelmingly to reject a modest attempt at decriminalizing abortion. The advances that have taken place are mostly local initiatives carried out almost surreptitiously, such as the move by São Paulo states to offer the morning-after pill and heavily discounted contraceptive pills at state-run pharmacies.

Anibal Faundes, professor of obstetrics at the University of Campinas, says legal abortions - of which there were 3,053 between January and November in 2008 - are now carried out in around 500 hospitals in Brazil, mainly in Sao Paulo and the south-east of the country.

Although abortion is illegal, an estimated 1 million women each year have one.That secrecy has a price. More than 200,000 women each year are treated in public hospitals for complications arising from illegal abortions, according to Health Ministry figures. Those who don't have the courage or the money to be treated take the pregnancy to term. Although the fertility rate has fallen considerably in Brazil (from 6.1 children in 1960 to about 2 today), 1 in 3 pregnancies is unwanted, according to Dr. Jefferson Drezett, head of the Hospital Perola Byington, Latin America's largest women's health clinic. Meanwhile, 1 in 7 Brazilian women between the ages of 15 and 19 is a mother, and the average age at which women have their first child has fallen to 21, from 22.4 in 1996, according to a government-funded study.

 "Brazil wants to be a world leader, but the government can't guarantee equality for women," says Beatriz Galli, of Ipas Brasil, an NGO that fights to give women more say over their health and reproductive rights."This is not a topic that anyone wants to debate."

Isis Rising
The Story of Lent is the story of the merging of the two official religions of Rome, Mithraism and the cult of the Great Mother Goddess Cybele with the early Christian church to give us the Roman Catholic church. There are many who believe that the strongest ancient root of Carnaval is traced not to the Roman Winter solstice celebration of Saturnalia or even those of the wine god Dionysos or his later Occidental name of Bacchus but rather the Egyptian goddess Isis. Isis is known as the Goddess of 10,000 names and has a lot in common with Brazil's Iemanja.

Brazil's GDP growth of 5% for 2007 is very good news. While the US dollar continued it slide to all-time lows
Brazil emerged as the center of finance in Latin America.

Brazil - USA:

Ethanol- its the cane not the corn cars in Brazil run either on alcohol or on gasohol. Brazil's sugar cane-based industry is far more efficient than the U.S. maize-based industry. Brazilian distillers are able to produce ethanol for 22 cents per liter, compared with the 30 cents per liter for corn-based ethanol.[6] Sugarcane is one of the most efficient photosynthesizers in the plant kingdom, able to convert up to 2% of incident solar energy into biomass. Despite having the world's largest sugarcane crop, the 45,000 km² Brazil currently devotes to sugarcane production amount to only about one-half of one percent of its total land area of some 8.5 million km². In addition, the country has more unused potential cropland than any other nation.
Is there a Unicorn in your future?

The exportation of Brazilian ethanol to the U.S. reached a total of US$ 1 billion in 2006, an increase of 1020% over 2005 (US$ 98 millions). The U.S., potentially the largest market for the Brazilian ethanol, currently imposes trade restrictions on Brazilian ethanol in order to encourage domestic ethanol production, most of which has so far been based on processing corn instead of sugar cane or soybeans, which is much less efficient. There is concern that allowing the Brazilian ethanol to enter the U.S. market without taxation will undercut the budding ethanol industry in the United Statess[8].

In 1889, as Brazil became a republic, the U.S. government was the first to recognize the new regime, which was strongly influenced by the American constitution. During World War II, the U.S. government used military bases in the Northeastern coast of Brazil in order to support the allied forces in North Africa; a Brazilian expeditionary force was incorporated into the U.S. V Army fighting in Italy. In 1943, Franklin Delano Roosevelt was the first American president to visit Brazil. Under the influence of the Good Neighborhood policy, established by Roosevelt, many American artists visit Brazil and Brazilian artists visited the U.S.


Policies to improve socio-economic conditions in Latin American countries were seen as leftist ideas sponsored by communist regimes such as Cuba, something that alienated the sympathy for U.S ideals among many Brazilian intellectuals. During the Kennedy years, a new program the so-called Alliance for Progress tried to help change this mentality. During the 1970's and 1980's, the relations between Brazil and the U.S. saw trade disputes, human rights arguments and divergences on political interests. Brazil's re-democratization in the mid-1980's, the opening of the Brazilian markets and a renewed interest from the U.S. government on Latin America established an climate of understanding and cooperation with positive results, which endure to this day. Today the main items of the bilateral agenda can be highlighted as the Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA), drug control and the continuous opening of the Brazilian economy to foreign investment.

2007 Pan American to 2014 World Cup

“2010 will be a year of planning, organization and periodical meetings with the International Olympic Committee that will deliver to Rio 2016 Organizing Committee a set of documents that actually constitute the base on which the project will be built, that is, the various technical manuals and the general schedule of the Games”, the president of Rio 2016 Organizing Committee Carlos Arthur Nuzman, explained.

Chico Alencar, a Rio Congressman who campaigned for investigations into the massive overspending at the Pan Am Games. "The chronic problems that we have here are the same as they always were," Alencar said. "I want Rio to win the right to host the games, but we need to learn from our past mistakes and the myth of the Pan American Games and all that they didn't leave behind. If we get the Olympics, then all sectors of society need to unite to ensure that there is a social legacy and no overspending."


More worrying still is that lessons appear not to have been learned. Almost two years after Brazil was awarded the right to host the 2014 soccer World Cup, work has yet to start on its 12 stadiums. A proposed bullet train linking São Paulo and Rio is supposed to be operational in time for the tournament, but the official tender has not been issued yet, and even politicians are now admitting it could be late.
Brazil, which has won a record five World Cups, was awarded the right to host 2014 World Cup tournament following the 2007 XV Pan American Games in Rio de Janeiro. As many as 12 Brazil Cities may participate while Macarena stadium in Rio will host the final.  The South American country hosted the competition once before, losing to Uruguay in the mythical 1950 final. After announcing Brazil as the 2014 host, Blatter handed the World Cup trophy to Brazilian President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, who flew in for the event.

"Soccer is not only a sport for us. It's more than that," Lula said. "Soccer for us is a passion, a national passion.";2014 FIFA World Cup bid logo

[More at en.wikipedia-World_Cup_2014]

Hosting the 2014 World Cup will be a key element in helping Rio de Janeiro land the 2016 Olympics, officials said as they announced yet another bid to stage the Games and enter the most contested of global city competitions.

Fast Facts


Brazil is the largest country in South America; shares common boundaries with ever y South American country except Chile and Ecuador
Rio de Janeiro became the capital of Brazil after the discovery of gold inland in 1763. In 1960 it lost its capital city status to Brasilia.
Brazil visitors looking for value like  leather goods, shoes, gems, music, traditional handcrafts, lace, embroidery, and artifacts from Brazil’s indigenous tribes. 
The Amazon represents 58.5% of the Brazilian territory. The Amazon rainforest holds the largest reserve of living organisms in the world. The precise number of species in it is not known, but scientists estimate a figure between 800 thousand and 5 million species – 15 to 30% of all known species in the world.
The Atlantic Ocean stretches along Brazil’s Eastern side, up to a total of 7,367 km (approx. 4,604 mi) of coastline.
Its population is concentrated along the Atlantic coastline of the Northeastern and Southeastern regions. 50% of the industrial output is located in the Southeastern state of São Paulo. Most of Brazil's population (81.2%) now lives in cities
Brazil has the biggest black population of any country outside Nigeria.
Over 10 million African slaves were shipped to Brazil, six times more than to the United States.
About 54 percent (95 million) are mainly of European origin, descendants of immigrants from Portugal, Italy, Spain, Germany and Eastern Europe. More than 45 percent (80 million) are black or of mixed-race, a legacy of the African slave trade. Less than 1 percent (700,000) are from indigenous groups, mostly Indians in the Amazon region; smaller numbers of Japanese, other Asians, and Arabs live in the larger Brazilian cities.
The rhythm Brazil is best known for, is samba.
Nowadays, most Brazilians from the south are descendants of the European immigrants who settled in the late 19th century.
Mail from Brazil is quick and efficient. Post offices (correios) are found everywhere, readily identifiable by the blue-and-yellow sign
When writing addresses in Brazil, the street number follows the name of the street (so the address "Av. Atlântica 2000" would roughly translate as "2000 Atlantic Ave."). Often in smaller towns or beachfront communities, a street name will be followed by the abbreviation "s/n." This stands for sem numero (without number)
Brazil (official name: Federative Republic of Brazil or, in Portuguese, República Federativa do Brasil) is a federation comprising 26 states and a federal district (where the federal capital, Brasília, is located),
São Paulo is the third biggest city in the world, after Tokyo and Mexico City.
In Brazilian-Portuguese, "abobrinhas" is the art of talking shit. Or, as one blogger refers to it,"small talk; useless information, foolish chit-chat; non-sense; fluff." Little Pumpkins (the literal translation of "abobrinhas"
Brazil-U.S. Business Council
1615 H Street, NW Washington,  DC   20062
Phone: (202) 463-5485     Fax: (202) 463-3126 
Brazilian Consulates in USA

Permanent Mission of Brazil to the United Nations, New York

U.S.-Brazil Relations by [NYC Consulate]
Read an updated story of the birth of the Americas as salutes the capital of global Carnaval as they come into their own as a top ten country and a rival to the USA in influencing the new global culture of the 3rd millennium.



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