|Canavieiras || Comandatuba Island || Ilhéus || Itacaré || Una|
|Ilhéus ||TOP|| 470 km from Salvador|
|The Atlantic forest surronds Ilhéus which
sits on a small hill overlooking its beautiful beach. It is just east of Itabuna near the mouth of the Cachoeira River on Ilhéus Bay, an inlet of
the Atlantic. An excellent combination of ,good climate, beautiful
landscape, rich history and good restaurants make Ilheus fascinating and
An old Portuguese colonial settlement that was originally named São Jorge dos Ilhéus (1532), it was given city status in 1881. Visitors today find that much of the architecture is modern.
The still prosperous farming community evokes the days long ago when when cocoa was king and was exported from this port. Still today most of Brazil's cacao is grown in the region and and Ilhéus holds a busy port where cocoa butter, rubber, chemicals, piassava, and timber are exported.
While Ilhéus still remains the traditional center for
Brazil’s cocoa cultivation and bean processing the planting of cocoa is no
longer the main source of income.. In the eighties,
a plague known as "Vassoura de Bruxa" (Witch's Broom) devastated the cocoa
cultivation. Since then, the city has continued to prosper as the gateway
to the cocoa coast for visitors who love its hot climate,
still-standing virgin tropical Atlantic forests, mangroves, lagoons,
islands, rivers, and beaches.
Ilhéus is 462km (287 miles) south of Salvador, where the
coastline is broken up by five rivers and a series of lagoons and bays.
Besides several colonial buildings—churches and chapels—it has a rare
domed and spiraled chapel, and a gothic cathedral constructed in the first
half of the 20th century, both of which are architecturally note-worthy.
"Igreja Matriz de São Jorge dos Ilhéus" (São Jorge of the Islanders Mother Church) - located on the Street Conselheiro Dantas, it is the oldest church of the city. Inaugurated in 1556, it was built with stones.
"Museu do Cacau" (Cocoa Museum) - Eustáquio Bastos st., downtown. Founded in 1982, the museum allows a detailed vision from the rising to the development of the cocoa cycle.
"Casa de Jorge Amado" (Jorge Amado House) - 21, Jorge Amado st., it was built in the beginning of the 20's by Jorge Amado's father. With great rooms and staircases, there the writer Jorge Amado lived part of his life.
"Mirante da Piedade" (Observatory of Mercy) - From there, it is possible to see the islets, (which are the reason of the name of the city), the actual port, a part of the coast of the municipal district and the mouth of the rivers "Cachoeira", "Engenho" and "Fundão".
"Fazenda Primavera" (Farm Spring) - located on the Ilhéus-Itabuna highway, on Km 20, this cocoa farm is open to the visitation and it has a documentation collection and centennial pieces, some from the time of the Empire.
"Centro de Persquisas do Cacau" (Cocoa Research Center) - Located on Ilhéus-Itabuna highway. It offers to the visitors the opportunity to accompany the techniques and processes of the cocoa
Visit a cocoa Farm: see how the coca is harvested, processed, and transported by the half ton in dugout canoes. The rainforest, which provides the required shade for the fragile cacao tree, offers a rich variety of floroa and fauna. Most farms are as they were a century ago, with barracks, stable and drying house
Ilheus has 100 kilometres of white sandy beaches, excellent urban facilities, and an annual average temperature of 24ºC
The city’s main leisure activities are little changed
from that of Amado’s time: hanging out in the bars and squares, and
heading off to the beaches. It has 15 beautiful beaches (among 60 in the
region), the longest of which, and most popular, is Praia Norte (North
Beach) that is 50-km (31-mile) long, lined with lots of tropical woods and
coconut trees, a fine sandy beach where the sea is green. It’s ideal for
surfing and to fish for carapeba (mojarra ), tainha (mullet), robalo (snook),
and pescada (floun-der).
Ilhéus traveler tips & tales by virtualtourist.com
Sudden, lawless and violent, the scramble for the white cacao fruit displayed all the characteristics of a gold rush. When the dust settled, the land and power belonged to a few ruthless coronéis (rural landowners). The landless were left to work, and usually live, on the fazendas where they were subjected to a harsh and paternalistic labor system.
Author Jorge Amado, who grew up on a cacao plantation, told this story in his book Terras do Sem Fim (published in English as The Violent Land.) adopted from Lonely Planet 1996 at brazzil.com
PLACES TO STAY
GETTING THERE: By Air
Itacaré, located 72km (45 miles) north of Ilhéus on
state highway BA-001, and 266km (165 miles) south of Salvador. Itacare is
also considered a paradise for surfing. An enchanting tropical paradise is
never far away in Itacare with many waterfalls and an especially rich
Atlantic Rainforest experience. Some of the waterfalls you can reach by
canoe or boat, others are just walking distance from the resort, and some
others, can be found on the road to the hotel.
Itacare was a cocoa trade port in the 19th century, however for most of the 20th century Itacare was only reached with much difficulty along a narrow dirt road. The place was removed from time for most of its residents. In 1998 the asphalt highway that ties Itacaré to Ilheus was completed and dozens of small posadas opened to help share the spectacular natural scenery with an international clientele.
The Atlantic Rainforest is considered to be one of the largest ecosystems for its number of fauna and flora. Itacaré is part of the Environmental Protection Area of Itacaré/Serra Grande. Small shell-shaped beaches, the mouth of Contas river, the Ecological Reserve of Prainha, the mangrove swamp and the areas of Mata Atlântica are the ecological attractions of the town.
The beaches in the north, on the left side of Contas river's mouth are, mostly, reached only by boats.
There’s quite a scene in Itacaré with nearly 100 places to stay all nicely detailed online at itacare.com. Camping in the area is an attractive alternative, since these beaches are ideal for such outdoor living. The Itacare village is small despite the population of 20,000 and preserves some of the old houses, but there is a growing number of restaurants, bars, and little craft shops.
SURF CITY: Its geographical position makes possible the formation of the biggest waves in Bahia. Itacaré is called the surf-city among surfers.
The best surfing conditions in Bahia are found on three
of 11 beautiful, rather deserted, beaches —Prainha, São José and Tiririca.
The waves are strong and high along loose white sands, lined with coconut
trees. Easy access to all beaches in this area is by good coastline
trails, leading from Ribeira Beach
Porto Seguro to Salvador, Brazil, by Bike, Bus, and Boat
| In Olivença itself the main attraction is the
Balneário , public swimming baths built around supposedly
healthy mineral water from the Rio Tororomba, which flows through the
place. The healing powers of the waters may be in its power of suggestion, but the baths
complex is very pleasant, with an artificial waterfall, and bar and
Half an hour out of town, heading towards Ilheus is the beautiful beach at Cururupe , where Governor Mem de Sá trapped the Tupiniquim Indians in 1567 between his troops and the sea. It was called the "Battle of the Swimmers", after the Indians' desperate attempts to escape by water, but it was more of a massacre than a battle, and the tribe was almost wiped out. Today there are a series of bars and some holiday homes, peaceful groves of palm trees and no hint of the place's dark past.
|Una ||TOP|| (30 miles south of Ilhéus)|
|Beaches, rivers, the eco-park, mudbaths and the rapids on Una river are among the
leading attractions in Una. Just off the coast is Comandatuba Island, assessable by a 5-min. boat
trip, where the Transamérica Resort is located.
Ecoparque Mico Leão de Una
Una Ecopark is an environmental protection area
is nearly 30 kilometers long and almost 15 kilometers wide, it hosts more
different species of plants per square meter than any other place in the
world. Canopy walks with monkeys are one of its animal highlights.
Situated in a private reserve with a rubber plantation that
also offers tours.
Countless species of animals, and over 400 varieties of trees live in the 7,022 hectares of Atlantic rain forest. Created in 1980, in an attempt to save the mico-leão-da-cara-dourada (golden lion-faced monkey), which at the time numbered some 100. These small animals, natives of Southern Bahian forests, were nearly destroyed by fires, woods clearing and hunting. Besides the monkeys, the reservation is also the home for jaguatiricas (spotted leopards), iraras (tayra weasels), quatis (coati raccoons), pumas, and gaviões-morcegueiros (bat falcons). Visits to the reservation for scientific purposes are through the regional office of IBAMA the Brazilian Environmental Protection Agency Phone: (71) 240-7322 Permission to visit the reserve is obtainable from the director, (tel. (073)-236-2166.
Una river's rapids
Pedras de Una village
GETTING THERE: By
find the Transamérica Comandatuba Resort with its own airport
64km (40 miles)on state highway BA-001. down the coast from Ilhéus
| Rich with history, containing a small peace of
land separated from the rest of the continent, a marvelous spot for
nautical activities preserved for thousands of years.
Once a port for whalers and pirates, there are also many places where you can explore this lifestyle and period of history. But perhaps the main attraction is the miles of unspoiled and uncrowned beaches, as well as some of the most beautiful botanical gardens in the world.
In the village, there are many inns and restaurants, as well as handicraft shops and a tapestry school. See São Sebastião church for folkloric presentations & handicraft of the region
Taking a boat you can get to the Comandatuba beach and to the Fantasy island. Comandatuba beach offers mudbaths.
GETTING THERE: Leave Una towards Canavieiras. Turn left
after 16 km, then drive another 3km.
city of crabs ||TOP||
(111km (69 miles) on state highway BA-001. down the coast from Ilhéus)
Historic District: On the left bank of the Pardo river you will find old mansions from XVIII and XIX centuries and many good restaurants amidst handicraft stores. The City used Salvador's Pellegrino district as a model for restoration and visitor infrastructure investment. At Porto Grande, also in the Historic District you can take a boat ride on Pardo river
and see the mangroves, Garças Island and the Peixe-Boi Island and even stop for a mudbath.
Seven islands, 17km of beaches, coconut groves, Mata Atlântica and mangrove - that are the habitat of herons, swallows, parrots, seagulls and other animals - form the scenery of Canasvieiras.
Ilha de Atalaia (Atalaia Island) is the main attraction in Canavieiras with its monazitic sand. The fishing of the "robalo", a kind of fish very famous for its meat. Visit the Atalaia village and its urban beaches, take a walk and try the typical food of the region.
The abundance of crabs, oysters, shrimps, lobsters and fish turns Canavieiras into a gastronomic paradise
Barra do Poxim
seven beautiful beaches lined with coconut trees. Fishing is good at
Barra Velha and Patipe beaches, the latter of which also has good
conditions for sailing and canoeing. There is a restau-rant in the
offers the best in angling and
entertainment for the billfishing enthusiast from our newly redecorated
guest house located in a quiet residential area of the city of Canavieiras
Airports || Salvador Beaches
Itaparica & All Saints Bay ||aForum-NorthEast || Salvador Hotels || Brazil Hotel Guide
with left frame menu Salvador City || Salvador Carnaval
without frameset Salvador City || Salvador Carnaval
Coconut (north)coast || Dende (just south) Coast ||
Cocoa (Ilheus) Coast || Discovery (Porto Alegre) Coast ||
Whale Coast || Diamond Mountains ||