James Hillman (1926- ) is considered to be one of the most original psychologists of the 20th century. Trained at the Jung Institute in Zurich, he developed his own unique field, known as Archetypal Psychology.  James Hillman's Archetypal Psychology is inspired by Carl Jung, yet Hillman, in the spirit of Jung himself, moves beyond it.
Hillman tells us to focus on the fundamental patterns of animation best found in the myths of our tribes. Look for them at your next Carnaval

Whereas Carl Jung’s psychology focused on the Self, its dynamics and its constellations (ego, anima, animus, shadow), Hillman’s archetypal psychology relativizes and deliteralizes the ego and focuses on the psyche, or soul, itself and the archai, the deepest patterns of psychic functioning, “the fundamental fantasies that animate all life. Archetypal psychology is a polytheistic psychology, in that it attempts to recognize the myriad fantasies and myths- gods, goddesses, demigods, mortals and animals- that shape and are shaped by our psychological lives. The ego is but one psychological fantasy within an assemblage of fantasies.

"Therapy, or analysis, is not only something that analysts do to patients; it is a process that goes on intermittently in our individual soul-searching, our attempts at understanding our complexities, the critical attacks, prescriptions, and encouragements we give ourselves. We are all in therapy all the time insofar as we are involved in soul-making."
- James Hillman,
Re-visioning Psychology

Hillman's pioneering archetypal psychology spans five decades. It has entered cultural history, affecting lives and minds in a wide range of fields. For the creativity of his thinking, the originator of Archetypal Psychology and author of A Terrible Love of War, The Soul’s Code, and The Force of Character has received many honors, including the Medal of the Presidency of the Italian Republic. He has held distinguished lectureships at the Universities of Yale, Princeton, Chicago, and Syracuse, and his books have been translated into some twenty languages.   Hillman is a prolific writer and international lecturer as well as a private practitioner.

James Hillman credits investigation into hysteria with the birth of psychoanalysis itself (Myth of Analysis 258). Discerning that archetypal energy of hysteria as Dionysian, Hillman builds a whole theory of archetypal psychology based on the relationship of mythology and psychology:

"The mythical is the speculum of the psychological, its reflection beyond the personal. Myth provides the objective aspect for the subjective meanings in psychic events. Without myth it would all be me, personally narrowed to the history of a case. Myth stands back of psyche, acting as a foil for objective reflection."

The iconoclastic author of many  books which challenge psychotherapy, Hillman is best known to the general public as author of the best-selling  The Soul's Code : In Search of Character and Calling  which asserts  that human beings are born with a daimon - an encoded destiny. outlines what he calls the acorn theory of the soul. This theory states that each individual holds the potential for their unique possibilites inside themselves already, much as an acorn holds the pattern for an oak, invisible within itself. It argues against the parental fallacy whereby our parents are seen as crucial in determining who we are by supplying us with genetic material and behavioral patterns. Instead the book suggests for a reconnection with what is invisible within us, our daimon or soul or acorn and its calling to the wider world of nature. It argues against theories which attempt to map life into phases, suggesting that this is counter-productive and makes people feel like they are failing to live up to what is normal. This in turn produces a truncated, normalized society of soulless mediocrity where evil is not allowed but injustice is everywhere—a society that cannot tolerate eccentricity or the further reaches of life experiences but sees them as illnesses to be medicated out of existence.

Within Hillman's intellectual  realm  of archetypal psychology, his contributions to insight and learning are generally considered second only to C. J. Jung himself. He lives in Connecticut.


SPRING PUBLICATIONS began as an activity of the Analytical Psychology Club of New York during the Second World War, bringing the ideas of C. G. Jung into American translations, first publishing Emma Jung’s classic essay, Animus and Anima (still in print) in 1955. In 1970 James Hillman assumed director of the publications from its long-time former editor, Jane Abbot Pratt. Spring moved from Zurich to Dallas, Texas in 1978 and became an independent corporation with offices in the Dallas Institute of Humanities and Culture. In 1984 editorial activities moved to Eastern Connecticut: Pomfret, Storrs, Thompson, Woodstock, and now Putnam, with offices above the historic Bradley Playhouse.

Our logo (the ram and the goat) symbolizes the focus of the press. The ram’s forward push and the goat’s backward look
recall a Renaissance idea: that one best moves forward by looking back to history and tradition. The animals are poised over a watery, reed-rimmed pool, emblems of reflection and the soul—a major theme in many Spring books.

Since the early 1940s, we have been publishing psychological ideas branching out and blurring the lines between art, philosophy, the history of ideas, psychiatry, mythology, literature, and religion.

Our well-designed and faithfully-edited books include works by Karl Kerényi, Mircea Eliade, Gershom Scholem, Joseph Campbell, Henry Corbin, Edward S. Casey, Klaus Ottmann, Howard McConeghy, and Charles Boer in the area of classics, philosophy, art, religion, and myth; Marie-Louise von Franz, Murray Stein, Mary Watkins, Adolf Guggenbühl-Craig, and Alfred Ziegler on depth psychology;  Ginette Paris, Thomas Moore, John Allan, Nor Hall, Gaston Bachelard, Richard Tarnas, Deldon McNeely, John Haule on archetypal psychology; Michael Ventura, George Boas, Hayao Kawai, Seldon Rodman, and Luis Nunez on current culture.

Of his many books, Spring Publications has published ten James Hillman books including  Pan and the Nightmare, Oedipus Variations (with Karl Kerényi), and Lectures on Jung’s Typology (with Marie-Louise von Franz). Reaching back to the classic works from Greece, Rome, and the Italian Renaissance, replenishing the modern mind with books on the nature of religion, art, philosophy, ritual, initiation, and the cult of soul. The soul in the practice of psychotherapy is one of their mainstays: therapy in childhood, midlife and as we age; in the various symptoms of eros, of psychopathologies and diseases; and the therapy of therapy itself.

at Pacifica's  Joseph Campbell & Marija Gimbutas Library
James Hillman has chosen Pacifica as the repository for his papers. Dr. Hillman is a leading scholar in Jungian and Post-Jungian thought and an imaginative clinician and teacher closely associated with Pacifica's programs
by Luis Manuel Núñez

For his new book, an elegantly clear and authoritative study of Santeria mythology, Luis M. Núñez, the author of Santeria: A Practical Guide to Afro-Caribbean Magic, collected the ancient stories told in Santeria, a widely practiced religion resulting from the syncretism of Catholicism and African religion. These stories, which speak about the actions and conflicts of the divine ancestors of the Yoruba slaves of Nigeria have been retold for centuries by native-born Africans and their Cuban-born descendents during their sacred and secular dances, carnivals, and festivals throughout the Spanish and Portuguese colonies.

First edition
200 pages approx.
Paperback original, $22 (0-88214-567-3)

BOOKS from Spring Journal and Books

Teachers of Myth
Interviews on Educational and Psychological Uses of Myth With Adolescents

Maren Hansen
ISBN: 1-882670-89-2
Northern Gnosis
Thor, Baldr and the Volsungs in the Thought of Freud and Jung

Greg Mogenson
ISBN: 1-882670-90-6
Dialectics and Analytical Psychology
The El Capitan Canyon Seminar

Wolfgang Giegerich, David L. Miller, and Greg Mogenson
ISBN: 1-882670-92-2
Meditations on Archetypal Images in Christian Theology

David L. Miller
ISBN: 1-882670-93-0
Three Faces of God
Traces of the Trinity in Literature and Life

David L. Miller
ISBN: 1-882670-94-9
Hells and Holy Ghosts
A Theopoetics of Christian Belief

David L. Miller
ISBN: 1-882670-97-3
Following the Reindeer Woman
Path of Peace and Harmony

Linda Schierse Leonard
ISBN: 1-882670-95-7
Portrait of the Blue Lady
The Character of Melancholy

Lyn Cowan
ISBN: 1-882670-96-5
Gods In Our Midst
Mythological Images of the Masculine: A Woman

Christine Downing
ISBN: 1-882670-28-0
Women's Mysteries
Toward a Poetics of Gender

Christine Downing
ISBN: 1-882670-99-XX
Field, Form, and Fate
Patterns in Mind, Nature, and Psyche

Michael Conforti
ISBN: 1-882670-40-X
Tracing a Feminine Myth through the Western Imagination

Nancy Cater
ISBN: 1-882670-98-1
The World Turned Inside Out
Henry Corbin and Islamic Mysticism

Tom Cheetham
ISBN: 1-882670-24-8


James Hillman
Download explores the soul in culture through polytheistic archetypal mythologies. Since the early 1940s, from Zurich, Switzerland, Spring Publications has been publishing psychological ideas branching out and blurring the lines between art, philosophy, the history of ideas, psychiatry, mythology, literature, and religion.


Roberto Calasso
Joseph Campbell
Marija Gimbutas
Robert Graves
James Hillman
Walter F. Otto
Camille Paglia
Ginette Paris
Spring: A Journal of Archetype and Culture
Cover of Spring 73 - Cinema And Psyche


Spring: A Journal of Archetype and Culture is the oldest Jungian psychology journal in the world. Published twice a year, each Spring Journal is organized around a theme and offers articles and book reviews in the areas of archetypal psychology, mythology, and Jungian psychology.

Spring Journal also publishes books about archetypal psychology, mythology, and Jungian psychology under the imprint of Spring Journal Books. Wolfgang Giegerich, Paul Kugler, Christine Downing, David L. Miller, Lyn Cowan, Linda Leonard, Greg Mogenson, Robert Romanyshyn, and Michael Conforti are some of our authors.

Spring is honored to count among its many past and present contributors the following individuals:

  • C. G. Jung
  • Esther Harding
  • Erich Neumann
  • Marie Louise von Franz
  • C. A. Meier
  • Aniela Jaffe
  • Edward Whitmont
  • Edward F. Edinger
  • Barbara Hannah
  • Mircea Eliade
  • Karl Kerenyi
  • Adolf Portmann
  • H. G. Baynes
  • Frances G. Wickes
  • Gerhard Adler
  • James Hillman
  • Patricia Berry
  • Wolfgang Giegerich
  • David L. Miller
  • Andrew Samuels
  • Charles Boer
  • Mary Watkins
  • Paul Kugler
  • Ginette Paris
  • Greg Mogenson
  • Marion Woodman
  • Linda Schierse Leonard
  • Robert Sardello
  • Murray Stein
  • Michael Vannoy Adams
  • Dennis Patrick Slattery
  • Robert Romanyshyn For outside the USA

Main Page: